Fludarabine, Rituximab, and Alemtuzumab in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00098670
First received: December 7, 2004
Last updated: June 4, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

December 7, 2004
June 4, 2013
October 2004
February 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Number of Participants With a Complete Response After Treatment With Fludarabine & Rituximab Followed by Alemtuzumab [ Time Frame: Duration of treatment (up to 13.5 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

A complete response, as defined by the National Cancer Institute Working Group (NCIWG):

- CR: no lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or constitutional symptoms; normal complete blood count; confirmed by bone marrow (BM) aspirate & biopsy

Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00098670 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Number of Participants With a Complete or Partial Response After Induction Therapy With Fludarabine & Rituximab [ Time Frame: Up to 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Response, as defined by the National Cancer Institute Working Group (NCIWG):

    CR: no lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly or constitutional symptoms; normal complete blood count; confirmed by bone marrow (BM) aspirate & biopsy

    PR: 50% decrease in peripheral blood lymphocytes, lymphadenopathy, liver/spleen size, presence/absence of constitutional symptoms; plus ≥1 of the following: ≥1500/μL polymorphonuclear leukocytes, >100,000/μL platelets, >11.0 g/dL hemoglobin or 50% improvement for these parameters without transfusions

  • 2 Year Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years from registration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of patients who were alive and progression free at 2 years. The 2-year progression free survival was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.
  • 2 Year Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years from registration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percentage of participants who were alive at 2 years. The 2 year survival was estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.
  • Number of Participants With Severe Non-Hematologic Adverse Events During Treatment With Alemtuzumab [ Time Frame: 6 weeks beginning at study week 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) Version 2.0 was used to evaluate toxicity. Severe Adverse events are defined as grade 3, 4 or 5, at least possibly related to treatment.

    Grade 1: mild; Grade 2: moderate; Grade 3: Severe; Grade 4: Life Threatening; Grade 5: Death.

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Fludarabine, Rituximab, and Alemtuzumab in Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
A Phase II Study of Fludarabine + Rituximab Induction Followed by Alemtuzumab (Campath-1H, NSC #715969, IND #10864) Administered Subcutaneously as Consolidation in Untreated Patients With B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This phase II trial is studying how well giving fludarabine together with rituximab followed by alemtuzumab works in treating patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab and alemtuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others can find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as fludarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving fludarabine together with rituximab followed by alemtuzumab may kill more cancer cells.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the rate of complete response and toxicity of concurrent treatment with fludarabine and rituximab followed by consolidative alemtuzumab in patients with previously untreated, but symptomatic, CLL.

II. To determine if alemtuzumab improves the CR rate with acceptable toxicity when administered as consolidation therapy following induction therapy with fludarabine and rituximab.

III. To estimate the progression-free and overall survival of high risk (VH gene unmutated and those with p53 dysfunction) and low-risk (others) patients following therapy with fludarabine and rituximab induction and consolidative alemtuzumab.

IV. To determine the frequency of molecular (PCR) remission following fludarabine and rituximab induction therapy and alemtuzumab consolidation therapy and if this serves as a surrogate marker for prolonged progression-free and overall survival.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the effect of concurrent treatment with fludarabine and rituximab followed by consolidative alemtuzumab on recovery of T-cells, NK cells, and serum immunoglobulin levels.

II. To determine clinical and molecular features that predict for poor response to fludarabine and rituximab induction and subsequent alemtuzumab consolidation therapy.

III. To assess preliminarily the molecular features of CLL at relapse in patients responding to chemoimmunotherapy for CLL.

IV. To determine the frequency of patients who remain at high risk for progression of CLL despite this therapy and who are thus eligible for nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation studies such as CALGB 109901.

V. To perform limited rituximab pharmacokinetics to determine the ideal schedule of administration for a subsequent rituximab maintenance treatment approach following induction therapy with fludarabine and rituximab.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive induction therapy comprising rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1, 3, and 5 of course 1 and day 1 of all subsequent courses and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression.

Approximately 4 months after completion of induction therapy, patients achieving a partial response, nodular partial response, or stable disease receive consolidation therapy comprising alemtuzumab subcutaneously on days 1-3. Treatment repeats weekly for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression.

Patients are followed at 2 months, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 7 years from study entry.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage I Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage II Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage III Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Stage IV Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Biological: alemtuzumab
    Given SC
    Other Names:
    • anti-CD52 monoclonal antibody
    • Campath-1H
    • MoAb CD52
    • Monoclonal Antibody Campath-1H
    • Monoclonal Antibody CD52
  • Biological: rituximab
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • IDEC-C2B8
    • IDEC-C2B8 monoclonal antibody
    • Mabthera
    • MOAB IDEC-C2B8
    • Rituxan
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • 2-F-ara-AMP
    • Beneflur
    • Fludara
Experimental: Treatment (alemtuzumab, rituximab, fludarabine phosphate)

Patients receive induction therapy comprising rituximab IV over 4 hours on days 1, 3, and 5 of course 1 and day 1 of all subsequent courses and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression.

Approximately 4 months after completion of induction therapy, patients achieving a partial response, nodular partial response, or stable disease receive consolidation therapy comprising alemtuzumab subcutaneously on days 1-3. Treatment repeats weekly for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression.

Interventions:
  • Biological: alemtuzumab
  • Biological: rituximab
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Jones JA, Ruppert AS, Zhao W, Lin TS, Rai K, Peterson B, Larson RA, Marcucci G, Heerema NA, Byrd JC. Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia with high-risk genomic features have inferior outcome on successive Cancer and Leukemia Group B trials with alemtuzumab consolidation: subgroup analysis from CALGB 19901 and CALGB 10101. Leuk Lymphoma. 2013 Dec;54(12):2654-9. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2013.788179. Epub 2013 May 9.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
100
Not Provided
February 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Specific Diagnosis of B-Cell CLL
  • An absolute lymphocytosis of > 5,000/μL
  • Morphologically, the lymphocytes must appear mature with < 55% prolymphocytes
  • Bone marrow examination must include at least a unilateral aspirate and biopsy; the aspirate smear must show > 30% of all nucleated cells to be lymphoid or the bone marrow core biopsy must show lymphoid infiltrates compatible with marrow involvement by CLL; the overall cellularity must be normocellular or hypercellular
  • Local institution lymphocyte phenotype must reveal a predominant B-cell monoclonal population sharing a B-cell marker (CD19, CD20, CD23) with the CD5 antigen, in the absence of other pan-T-cell markers; additionally, the B-cells must be monoclonal with regard to expression of either κ or λ and have surface immunoglobulin expression of low density; patients with bright surface immunoglobulin levels must have CD23 co-expression
  • Patients must be in the intermediate- or high-risk categories of the modified three-stage Rai staging system (i.e., stages I, II, III, or IV)
  • Patients in the intermediate-risk group must have evidence of active disease as demonstrated by at least one of the following criteria:

    • Massive or progressive splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy;
    • Presence of weight loss > 10% over the preceding 6 month period;
    • Grade 2 or 3 fatigue;
    • Fevers > 100.5°F or night sweats for greater than 2 weeks without evidence of infection;
    • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months
  • No prior therapy for CLL including corticosteroids for autoimmune complications that have developed since the initial diagnosis of CLL
  • No medical condition requiring chronic use of oral corticosteroids
  • Performance Status 0 - 2
  • Due to alterations in host immunity, patients with HIV may not be enrolled
  • Due to the unknown teratogenic potential of alemtuzumab, pregnant or nursing women may not be enrolled; women and men of reproductive potential should agree to use an effective means of birth control
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of institutional normal value
  • Coomb's Testing NEGATIVE
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00098670
NCI-2012-02812, CALGB-10101, CDR0000398139, U10CA031946
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Thomas Lin Cancer and Leukemia Group B
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
June 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP