Effect of Nitric Oxide Donor on Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
|First Received Date ICMJE||August 27, 2004|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2004|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00090558 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Effect of Nitric Oxide Donor on Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease|
|Official Title ICMJE||Effect of Nitric Oxide Donor on Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease|
Regular exercise reduces the risk of heart problems, in part because it improves the work of the endothelium (the cells that line blood vessels). Exercise appears to release precursor cells from the bone marrow that will later become endothelial cells. A molecule called nitric oxide (NO) appears to be involved in this release. However, some heart patients do not improve their endothelial function despite regular exercise. The researchers believe that the heart disease in these patients may interfere with the normal relationship between exercise and endothelial function. This study is designed to test whether giving a patient nitroglycerin (which is converted to NO in the bloodstream) will increase the release of endothelial precursor cells from the bone marrow. If the study succeeds, it may lead to improved healing of arteries in heart disease patients.
Adults may be eligible for this study if they have coronary artery disease and do not take nitroglycerin or nitroglycerin-like medication on a daily basis.
Volunteers will be admitted to the Clinical Center on 2 separate nights at least 1 week apart. On the morning after each admission, volunteers will have blood drawn from an arm vein for laboratory tests, and then walk on a treadmill until fatigue or discomfort prevents further exercise, or until asked to stop. On one of their admissions, volunteers will receive 1 tablet of nitroglycerin under the tongue shortly before the treadmill test. Volunteers will be monitored by EKGs and blood pressure tests during the treadmill tests, and will have more blood drawn at about 15 minutes and 24 hours after each treadmill test. Researchers will examine the levels of endothelial precursor cells and nitric oxide in the blood samples taken before and after exercise.
Exercise training has long been recommended as a means of improving cardiac function and reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). One mechanism of benefit may be through improved endothelial function and enhanced nitric oxide (NO) bioactivity, which may improve blood flow to exercising skeletal muscle and to the myocardium. We have recently determined in a collaborative study with the Suburban Hospital, however, that many CAD patients do not show improved endothelial function despite compliant participation in a three month cardiac rehabilitation program with exercise three times weekly. The initial data from this study suggest that improvement in endothelial function may be dependent on the release of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) from the bone marrow into the circulation in response to the stimulus of repetitive exercise, with the potential of repairing damaged endothelium and improving endothelial function and NO release. Thus, patients who have poor EPC mobilization responses to exercise may have limited capacity to improve endothelial function over time and, conversely, patients with higher EPC mobilization responses to exercise may show improved endothelial function as a result of vascular repair. Animal models indicate that NO is necessary for EPC mobilization during exercise, likely through nitrosation reactions with key signaling proteins within bone marrow. In many CAD patients, NO release from endothelium and transport in blood to bone marrow may be compromised because of atherosclerotic vascular disease, and thus limit EPC mobilization and vascular repair. We hypothesize that the exogenous administration of NO to CAD patients may enhance EPC mobilization from bone marrow in response to exercise. If successful, administration of an NO donor (such as nitroglycerin) prior to exercise may extend the benefit of exercise to endothelial function-and thus cardiovascular risk-in a larger segment of CAD patients participating in cardiac rehabilitation programs.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Coronary Artery Disease|
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: nitroglycerin|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||September 2005|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA
PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERIA
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA - HEALTHY SUBJECTS
Healthy subjects must be older than 50 years of age (to approximate the anticipated age of CAD patients), without known CAD, and be free of the following risk factors: blood pressure greater than 140/90 mmHg, fasting glucose greater than 110 mg/dL, smoking, total cholesterol greater than 250 mg/dL. Healthy subjects taking chronic prescription medications will be excluded.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00090558|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||040268, 04-H-0268|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||September 2005|
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