Neoadjuvant Cetuximab, Fluorouracil, and Pelvic Irradiation in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Locally Recurrent Rectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00084773
First received: June 10, 2004
Last updated: March 19, 2013
Last verified: March 2013

June 10, 2004
March 19, 2013
March 2004
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Safety profile [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00084773 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Activity in terms of pathological complete response rate [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Neoadjuvant Cetuximab, Fluorouracil, and Pelvic Irradiation in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Locally Recurrent Rectal Cancer
A Pilot Clinical Trial of Preoperative Cetuximab With Concurrent Continuous Infusion Fluorouracil and Pelvic Radiation in Patients With Local-Regionally Advanced Rectal Cancer

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as cetuximab can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as fluorouracil work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving cetuximab with fluorouracil and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Determine the safety profile of neoadjuvant cetuximab, fluorouracil, and pelvic irradiation in patients with locally advanced or locally recurrent rectal cancer.

Secondary

  • Determine the activity of this regimen, in terms of pathological complete response rate, in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, open-label, pilot study.

Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, and 64 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-42. Patients undergo whole-pelvic radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, 22-26, 29-33, and 36-40. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Approximately 1-3 weeks after completion of study treatment, patients undergo surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy off-study.

Patients are followed for up to 5 years.

Interventional
Not Provided
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Colorectal Cancer
  • Biological: cetuximab
  • Drug: fluorouracil
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
Experimental: Cetuximab, Fluorouracil, and Pelvic Irradiation

Patients receive cetuximab IV over 1-2 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, 57, and 64 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-42. Patients undergo whole-pelvic radiotherapy once daily on days 1-5, 8-12, 15-19, 22-26, 29-33, and 36-40. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Approximately 1-3 weeks after completion of study treatment, patients undergo surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy off-study.

Patients are followed for up to 5 years.

Interventions:
  • Biological: cetuximab
  • Drug: fluorouracil
  • Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
28
March 2010
March 2010   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma meeting 1 of the following staging criteria:

    • Locally advanced disease

      • Resectable (uT3) disease

        • Primary gross transmural tumor that is not adherent to adjacent pelvic structures by endorectal ultrasound
      • Primary tethered or unresectable (cT4 or uT4) disease

        • Primary tumor is contiguous with or adherent or fixed to adjacent pelvic structures by clinical exam and CT scan
        • Primary surgery would likely leave residual tumor
      • Small volume extrapelvic metastases allowed
    • Recurrent disease after definitive resection

      • Disease limited to the pelvis
  • Requires combined modality treatment
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor status-positive, -negative, or -unknown
  • If previously treated with adjuvant fluorouracil-based chemotherapy, no disease recurrence during or within 12 months after completion of adjuvant therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0 -1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dL
  • Platelet count > 150,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Not specified

Renal

  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal

Cardiovascular

  • No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • No evidence of uncontrolled congestive heart failure requiring therapy

Other

  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No known severe hypersensitivity to cetuximab or any of its excipients
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No high-grade bowel obstruction (bowel lumen ≤ 1 cm) unless patient has undergone protective surgical diversion or endoscopic stenting procedure
  • No other concurrent medical or psychiatric condition or disease that would preclude study participation
  • HIV negative
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 3 months after study treatment

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No prior cetuximab
  • No prior murine or chimeric monoclonal antibody therapy
  • No prior biological response modifiers for metastatic colorectal cancer
  • No concurrent anti-vascular endothelial growth factor/Flk-1 monoclonal antibody therapy
  • No other concurrent antibody therapy or immunotherapy
  • No concurrent gene therapy
  • No concurrent vaccine therapy
  • No concurrent angiogenesis inhibitors, including thalidomide

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • No concurrent hormonal therapy

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer
  • No prior pelvic radiotherapy
  • No other concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Fully recovered from prior oncologic or other major surgery

Other

  • No other prior therapy that targets the epidermal growth factor receptor pathway
  • No other concurrent experimental therapy or drugs
  • No concurrent matrix metalloprotease inhibitors
  • No concurrent participation in another clinical study
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00084773
04-006, MSKCC-04006
Not Provided
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Leonard B. Saltz, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
March 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP