Gemcitabine and Radiation Therapy Compared With Gemcitabine Alone in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00064207
First received: July 8, 2003
Last updated: September 20, 2012
Last verified: September 2012

July 8, 2003
September 20, 2012
May 2003
January 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Feasibility of full completion of treatment as measured by the number of patients completing treatment 1 month after treatment in phase II [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Tolerability in terms of acute toxicity as measured by NCI-CTC v2.0 1 month after completion of treatment in phase II [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Tolerability in terms of late toxicity as measured by EORTC and RTOG 1 month after completion of treatment in phase II [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Overall survival as measured by Logrank every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter in phase III [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00064207 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Disease-free survival as measured by Logrank every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Acute toxicity as measured by NCI-CTC v2.0 every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Late toxicity as measured by EORTC and RTOG every 3 months in years1-2, and every 6 months thereafter [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Quality of life as measured by Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) v3.0 and EORTC QLQ PAN-26 every 3 months in years 1-2 and every 6 months thereafter [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Gemcitabine and Radiation Therapy Compared With Gemcitabine Alone in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer
Randomized Phase II/III Study Comparing Gemcitabine Followed by Gemcitabine Plus Concomitant Radiation (50.4 Gy) Versus Control After Curative Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Head Cancer

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as gemcitabine use different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. It is not yet known whether giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy is more effective than gemcitabine alone following surgery in treating pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy works and compares it to gemcitabine alone in treating patients who have undergone surgery for pancreatic cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

Phase II:

  • Determine the feasibility of gemcitabine followed by chemoradiotherapy with gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone after prior curative resection in patients with pancreatic head adenocarcinoma.
  • Compare the tolerability of these regimens, in terms of acute and late toxicity, in these patients.

Phase III:

  • Compare the disease-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens .
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Determine the sites of recurrence in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG/WHO performance status (0-1 vs 2), participating center, and N stage (N0 vs N1 vs NX). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Within 8 weeks after prior surgical resection, patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses.

Patients then receive additional gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 57, 64, 71, 78, 85, and 92. Beginning on day 57, patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  • Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses.

Quality of life (QOL) is assessed in both arms, according to the following schedules:

  • Arm I: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 3 weeks after the beginning of chemoradiotherapy; after the completion of chemoradiotherapy; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year.
  • Arm II: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 12 weeks; at 16 weeks; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 538 patients (269 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Interventional
Phase 2
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Pancreatic Cancer
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • Procedure: adjuvant therapy
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
97
Not Provided
January 2007   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed pancreatic head adenocarcinoma
  • Prior pancreaticoduodenectomy required

    • Documented histological examination of surgical margins (R0), including retroperitoneal margin
    • Performed within the past 8 weeks
  • Any number of lymph nodes (less than 10 OR 10 or more) allowed
  • No periampullary cancer

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2 OR
  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • WBC greater than 3,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 150,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 9.0 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin less than 1.5 times normal
  • AST and ALT less than 3.0 times normal

Renal

  • Creatinine less than 1.2 mg/dL

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that would preclude study compliance and follow-up

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent immunotherapy

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy

Surgery

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Recovered from prior surgery

Other

  • No other concurrent anticancer agents
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Belgium,   France,   Germany,   Israel,   Netherlands,   Switzerland
 
NCT00064207
EORTC-40013-22012, EORTC-40013, EORTC-22012, FFCD-0304, EU-20540
Not Provided
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
Study Chair: Jean-Luc Van Laethem, MD, PhD Hopital Universitaire Erasme
Study Chair: Volker G. Budach, MD, PhD Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Study Chair: Pascal Hammel, MD, PhD Hopital Beaujon
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
September 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP