Erlotinib, Gemcitabine, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00063947
First received: July 8, 2003
Last updated: June 3, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

July 8, 2003
June 3, 2013
May 2003
February 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of erlotinib hydrochloride based on the incidence of dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 [ Time Frame: 7.5 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00063947 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Toxicity as assessed by CTCAE version 3.0 [ Time Frame: 7.5 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Kaplan-Meier methods will be utilized to estimate the response duration.
  • Progression-free survival as assessed by RECIST [ Time Frame: From the time of study enrollment until progression of disease is documented, assessed up to 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Kaplan-Meier methods will be utilized to estimate the progression-free survival.
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the time of study enrollment until the date of death, assessed up to 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Erlotinib, Gemcitabine, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Unresectable Pancreatic Cancer
A Phase I Study of OSI-774 in Combination With Gemcitabine and Radiation in Locally Advanced, Non-Operable Pancreatic Cancer

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of erlotinib when given together with gemcitabine and radiation therapy in treating patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining erlotinib with gemcitabine may make the tumor cells more sensitive to radiation therapy and may kill more tumor cells.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of erlotinib given concurrently with gemcitabine and radiotherapy in patients with locally advanced unresectable pancreatic cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients. II. Determine, preliminarily, the antitumor efficacy of this regimen, in terms of response rate, in these patients.

III. Determine the time to tumor progression and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a non-randomized, open-label, dose-escalation study of erlotinib.

Chemoradiotherapy: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5.5 weeks. Beginning on day 1 and continuing concurrently with radiotherapy, patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes twice weekly and oral erlotinib once daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of erlotinib until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, an additional 10 patients receive treatment at that dose.

Patients are radiologically restaged 3-4 weeks after completion of radiotherapy. Patients with stable or responsive disease proceed to maintenance therapy. Patients whose imaging studies suggest a potential for curative resection are referred for a surgical evaluation before initiating maintenance therapy.

Maintenance therapy: Beginning 4-7 weeks after the completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients receive maintenance chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and oral erlotinib once daily. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a total of 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 19-28 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas
  • Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer
  • Stage II Pancreatic Cancer
  • Stage III Pancreatic Cancer
  • Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
    Given orally
    Other Names:
    • CP-358,774
    • erlotinib
    • OSI-774
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other Names:
    • dFdC
    • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
    • gemcitabine
    • Gemzar
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    Undergo radiotherapy
    Other Names:
    • irradiation
    • radiotherapy
    • therapy, radiation
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
Experimental: Treatment (radiotherapy, gemcitabine, erlotinib hydrochloride)
Chemoradiotherapy: Patients undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5.5 weeks. Beginning on day 1 and continuing concurrently with radiotherapy, patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes twice weekly and oral erlotinib once daily. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable or responsive disease proceed to maintenance therapy. Maintenance therapy: Beginning 4-7 weeks after the completion of chemoradiotherapy, patients receive maintenance chemotherapy comprising gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 and oral erlotinib once daily. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a total of 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
28
Not Provided
February 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas

    • Locally advanced, unresectable disease, defined by all of the following:

      • Obvious encasement of the celiac, hepatic, or superior mesenteric artery
      • Encasement of the portal or superior mesenteric vein not amenable to surgical resection
      • Extrapancreatic extension with or without regional lymph node involvement
      • No evidence of distant metastatic disease by staging laparoscopy*
    • Locally recurrent disease after prior curative surgery allowed provided the following are true:

      • No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy
      • No evidence of distant metastatic disease by staging laparoscopy*
  • No islet cell pancreatic cancer or lymphoma or sarcoma of the pancreas
  • Measurable or evaluable disease

    • Primary pancreatic tumor is considered evaluable and not measurable disease
    • Lymph node mass considered measurable disease
  • No known brain metastases
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • More than 12 weeks
  • WBC ≥ 3,000/mm^3
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris
  • No cardiac arrhythmia
  • No abnormalities of the cornea based on history (e.g., dry eye syndrome or Sjögren's syndrome)
  • No congenital abnormality (e.g., Fuch's dystrophy)
  • No abnormal slit-lamp examination using a vital dye (e.g., fluorescein or Bengal-Rose)
  • No abnormal corneal sensitivity test (Schirmer test or similar tear production test)
  • No Crohn's disease or inflammatory bowel disease that would preclude undergoing external beam radiotherapy
  • Able to tolerate oral medication
  • No requirement for IV alimentation
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No ongoing or active infection
  • No other concurrent uncontrolled illness
  • No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior gemcitabine
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior epidermal growth factor receptor-targeting therapy
  • No prior therapy for pancreatic cancer (except surgery)
  • No concurrent commercial or other investigational agents or therapies intended to treat the malignancy
  • No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00063947
NCI-2012-01439, 03-031, NCI-5441, CDR0000305855, MSKCC-03031, U01CA069856
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Eileen O'Reilly Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
June 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP