Gemcitabine Plus Pemetrexed Disodium in Treating Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Biliary Tract or Gallbladder Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00059865
First received: May 6, 2003
Last updated: April 18, 2009
Last verified: July 2007

May 6, 2003
April 18, 2009
January 2004
February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Survival after 6 months of treatment [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00059865 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Response as assessed by RECIST criteria every 8-16 weeks [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity as assessed by CTC v3 every 4 weeks [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Gemcitabine Plus Pemetrexed Disodium in Treating Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic Biliary Tract or Gallbladder Cancer
Phase I/II Trial Of Gemcitabine And ALIMTA In Patients With Measurable Or Evaluable, Unresectable Or Metastatic Biliary Tract Carcinoma (Intrahepatic, Extrahepatic, Ampulla Or Vater) And Gallbladder Carcinoma

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as gemcitabine work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Pemetrexed disodium may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for tumor cell growth. Combining gemcitabine with pemetrexed disodium may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of gemcitabine when given together with pemetrexed disodium to see how well it works in treating patients with unresectable or metastatic biliary tract or gallbladder cancer.

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of gemcitabine when administered with pemetrexed disodium in patients with unresectable or metastatic biliary tract or gallbladder cancer. (Phase I closed to accrual as of Oct. 2005.)
  • Determine the 6-month survival rate of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the best objective tumor response rate and duration of best objective tumor response in patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the time to progression and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.
  • Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the individual patient variation in toxicity of and/or response to this regimen due to genetic differences in proteins involved in drug response in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter phase I dose-escalation study of gemcitabine followed by a phase II study.

  • Phase I: Patients receive pemetrexed disodium IV over 10 minutes and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity (phase I closed to accrual as of October 2005).

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of gemcitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

  • Phase II: Patients receive pemetrexed disodium as in phase I and gemcitabine at the recommended phase II dose.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year and then every 6 months for 4 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 85 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer
  • Gallbladder Cancer
  • Liver Cancer
  • Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
  • Drug: pemetrexed disodium
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
85
Not Provided
February 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • One of the following histologically or cytologically confirmed cancers not amenable to treatment with combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy:

    • Biliary tract (intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or ampulla of Vater) carcinoma
    • Gallbladder carcinoma
  • Unresectable or metastatic disease
  • No CNS metastases

    • Prior brain metastases treated with surgery or radiosurgery allowed provided treatment was completed at least 4 weeks ago and there is no evidence of CNS progression
  • No clinically significant pericardial or pleural effusion or ascites unless able to be drained before study entry

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • At least 3 months

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST no greater than 5 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 45 mL/min

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer
  • Able to tolerate folic acid, corticosteroids, or cyanocobalamin supplements

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • More than 4 weeks since prior biologic or immunologic therapy
  • No prior biologic or immunologic therapy for metastatic disease
  • No concurrent immunotherapy
  • No concurrent colony-stimulating factors during course 1

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • No prior gemcitabine
  • Prior chemoembolization allowed provided the following are true:

    • At least 4 weeks since prior chemoembolization
    • Evidence of new tumor growth since therapy
  • At least 6 months since prior chemotherapy used as a radiosensitizer (in adjuvant setting or for locally advanced disease)
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Prior radiofrequency ablation allowed provided the following are true:

    • At least 4 weeks since prior radiofrequency ablation
    • Evidence of new tumor growth since therapy
  • No prior radiotherapy to 25% or more of the bone marrow
  • More than 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy

Surgery

  • Not specified

Other

  • Prior embolization allowed provided the following are true:

    • At least 4 weeks since prior embolization
    • Evidence of new tumor growth since therapy
  • No prior pemetrexed disodium
  • No aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 2 days (5 days for long-acting agents [e.g., piroxicam]) before, during, and for at least 2 days after administration of pemetrexed disodium
  • No concurrent cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00059865
CDR0000298862, NCCTG-N9943
Not Provided
Not Provided
North Central Cancer Treatment Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Steven R. Alberts, MD Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
July 2007

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP