The Sister Study: Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Breast Cancer
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 23, 2002|
|Last Updated Date||November 5, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||August 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00047970 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||The Sister Study: Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Breast Cancer|
|Official Title ICMJE||The Sister Study: Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Breast Cancer|
The Sister Study is prospectively examining environmental and familial risk factors for breast cancer and other diseases in a cohort of 50,884 sisters of women who have had breast cancer. Such sisters have about twice the risk of developing breast cancer as other women.
The Sister Study is prospectively examining environmental and familial risk factors for breast cancer and other diseases in a cohort of 50,884 sisters of women who have had breast cancer. Such sisters have about twice the risk of developing breast cancer as other women. The frequency of any relevant genes and shared risk factors will also be higher. Studying sisters enhances our ability to understand the interplay of genes and environment in breast cancer risk and to identify potentially preventable risk factors. We assess exposures before the onset of disease, thus avoiding biases common to retrospective studies. The assembled cohort has created a framework from which to test new hypotheses as they emerge.
Cancer-free sisters aged 35-74 were recruited nationally. Enrollment was completed July 2009 with 50,884 women fully enrolled. Participants have enrolled from all 50 states and Puerto Rico. The cohort is now being followed actively. Cohort members are occasionally invited to participate in add-on studies, which sometimes include asking participants to invite their family members to provide information.
Data on potential risk factors and current health status were collected with telephone interviews and self-completed questionnaires. Blood, urine, and environmental samples were collected and banked for future use in nested studies of women who develop breast cancer (or other diseases) and a sample of those who don't. The cohort is being followed prospectively for 10 or more years. Annual questionnaires update medical history and changes in exposures. About 300 new cases of breast cancer are expected to occur in the cohort each year. Analyses are ongoing and assess the independent and combined effects of environmental exposures and genetic polymorphisms that affect estrogen metabolism, DNA repair, and response to specific environmental exposures. Future analyses will focus on known and potential risk factors (e.g. smoking, occupational exposures, alcohol, diet, obesity) and include measurement of phthalates, phytoestrogens, insulin, growth factors, micro-nutrients, and genes. Women who develop breast cancer during the study are followed to assess the role of environment and genes in healthy survival following diagnosis and treatment. The cohort will also be used to explore risk for other diseases (e.g. heart disease, osteoporosis, other hormonal cancers, and autoimmune diseases) that are important for women.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Condition ICMJE||Breast Cancer|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Active, not recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||50000|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Women who are eligible for the Sister Study:
The Sister Study is currently recruiting sisters of women diagnosed with breast cancer nationwide.
|Ages||35 Years to 74 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00047970|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||02-E-N-271|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||No|
|Responsible Party||Dale Sandler, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)|
|Verification Date||November 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP