Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat on Hormones
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 6, 2001|
|Last Updated Date||March 3, 2008|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00016848 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat on Hormones|
|Official Title ICMJE||The Effects of Dietary Carbohydrate and Fat on Hormone Regulators of Body Composition and Reproduction|
This study will try to determine if intake of dietary fats or carbohydrates influences the tendency to gain weight or accumulate body fat. It will examine how the hormones that regulate weight may change with a shift from a balanced diet to one that is low in fat or carbohydrate, irrespective of caloric intake.
Men and women between the ages of 18 and 40 years with a body mass index of 30 to 49 kg/m2 may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a history, physical examination, blood tests and questionnaires regarding activity, prior diets, and eating patterns.
Participants will follow two separate diet regimens for 5 days each. The first will be a balanced diet, and the second will be either a low-fat/high-carbohydrate diet or a low-carbohydrate/high-fat diet. The diets are not designed to produce weight loss. Participants will receive all their meals and snacks for the two diets from the National Institutes of Health and, for the first 3 days of each diet, will be seen as outpatients. For days 4 and 5 of each diet, they will be admitted to the Clinical Center and will undergo the following procedures:
Caloric restriction triggers a number of homeostatic endocrine responses including suppression of leptin, gonadotropins, sex steroids, thyroid hormones, insulin and insulin like growth factors (IGFs) and elevation of growth hormone (GH) and cortisol. Some of these effects may be disadvantageous in terms of achieving loss of adipose tissue. There is little information on the role of specific macronutrients in the regulation of these important endocrine responses to food restriction. The present study aims to determine if dietary carbohydrate and/or lipid composition has significant effects on these hormonal regulators of body composition and metabolism, independent of total calorie supply. This will be achieved by comparing the short-term effects of isocaloric, weight maintenance diets restricted in either fat or carbohydrate with a standard balanced diet. Protein contribution as well as calorie content will be held constant in the 3 diets. Study subjects will be obese women and men (BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2) aged 18-40 years. Major study outcome parameters include: leptin, gonadotropin, GH and cortisol secretory dynamics; sex steroid, IGF, fasting insulin and glucose levels.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||May 2003|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Men and women.
BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2.
Major medical or psychiatric diagnoses active within the past 3 years.
Endocrine diseases like, thyroid disease, DM, pituitary, ovarian/testicular and adrenal problem
Irregular menstrual cycles (greater than 7 day menses, intervals greater than 35 or less than 21 days)
A weight change of greater than 2% within the past 2 months.
Use of prescription medications or other drugs/supplements including acetaminophen or alcohol that would, in the judgement of study investigators, interfere with study objectives
Major (greater than 3 hours/week) athletic/physical exercise activities.
Eating patterns or dietary preferences which would hinder compliance with study diets
Tran meridian travel within 2 weeks preceding study periods
Inability to comply with the study protocol
Anemia. Hemoglobin less than 11.5 for women and less than 12.7 for men.
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00016848|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||010183, 01-CH-0183|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||May 2003|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP