A Comparison of the Effectiveness, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Different Hepatitis C Treatments in Patients Infected With Both HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00008463
First received: January 9, 2001
Last updated: June 7, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

January 9, 2001
June 7, 2013
November 2000
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00008463 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Comparison of the Effectiveness, Safety, and Tolerability of Two Different Hepatitis C Treatments in Patients Infected With Both HIV and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
A Prospective, Multicenter, Phase II/III, Open-Label, Controlled, Randomized Trial Evaluating the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Interferon-alfa-2a Plus Ribavirin Versus PEG-interferon-alfa-2a Plus Ribavirin for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection in Individuals Co-Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1)

The purpose of this study is to see if treatment with PEG-interferon-alfa-2a (PEG-IFN) plus ribavirin is a more effective treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) than interferon-alfa-2a (IFN) plus ribavirin for patients infected with both HCV and HIV. The study will also compare the 2 regimens to see which has fewer side effects.

HCV infection is common in patients infected with HIV. Patients infected with both HIV and HCV viruses seem to have more severe hepatitis C. A combination of IFN and ribavirin has been shown to lessen the severity of HCV. PEG-IFN is a modified form of IFN that stays in the blood longer, which means that patients would not have to take the treatment as often. This study will compare the safety and effectiveness of PEG-IFN to IFN when each is combined with ribavirin.

Infection with HCV is common in patients infected with HIV owing to similar routes of transmission. The cellular immunosuppression caused by HIV infection appears to lead to an increased HCV plasma load, more progressive liver disease, and, in patients with chronic hepatitis C, increased mortality. Ribavirin treatment combined with IFN has shown improved sustained virologic response rates over IFN monotherapy. PEG-IFN, a chemically modified formulation of IFN, circulates for a much longer time in the blood than the parent compound. Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic data suggest that PEG-IFN injected weekly would have the potential for superior efficacy as compared with IFN injected 3 times per week. The efficacy and safety profiles of combination therapy with PEG-IFN and ribavirin are not well known. This study will compare combination therapy consisting of PEG-IFN and ribavirin with that of IFN and ribavirin.

Patients are stratified according to HCV genotype and CD4 count and viral load, then randomized to either Arm A (IFN plus ribavirin) or Arm B (PEG-IFN plus ribavirin). Patients receive up to 48 weeks of treatment. Virologic response is assessed at Week 24 and a decision to continue or discontinue treatment is made. If a virologic response is shown at Week 24, the patient continues treatment for an additional 24 weeks. If no virologic response is observed, then the histologic response is assessed by a liver biopsy. If biopsy shows a histologic response is present, treatment is continued for 24 weeks. If biopsy shows no histologic response, treatment is discontinued. [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: Patients with virologic response who discontinue after Week 24 will have liver biopsy at time of discontinuation. Patients with no virologic response continuing study treatment after having a liver biopsy within 2 weeks of Week 24, who also demonstrate histologic response and decide to discontinue after Week 24, are strongly encouraged to have a 2nd liver biopsy at the end of treatment. Patients with no virologic response who discontinue after Week 24 will not have liver biopsy at time of discontinuation.] Physical examinations are done regularly and blood samples collected for routine laboratory tests, confidential genetic testing, and to measure HCV and HIV-1 plasma viral loads. Women able to become pregnant have regular pregnancy tests. All patients are followed for an additional 24 weeks after treatment discontinuation.

Patients may enroll in 1 or none of the following substudies: A5091s, Hepatic C Viral Kinetics in Subjects Co-infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 (HCV-1); [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: The following text has been deleted: or A5092s, Evaluation of the Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine (ZDV) or Stavudine (d4T) Triphosphate Formation] [AS PER AMENDMENT 07/20/01: Substudy A5092s, Evaluation of the Effects of Ribavirin on Zidovudine (ZDV) or Stavudine (d4T) Triphosphate Formation is now a stand-alone study.]

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • HIV Infections
  • Hepatitis C
  • Drug: Ribavirin
  • Drug: Interferon alfa-2a
  • Drug: Peginterferon alfa-2a
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
132
August 2006
Not Provided

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have chronic liver disease consistent with chronic hepatitis C.
  • Have evidence of hepatitis C within the 48 weeks prior to entry.
  • Are 18 to 65 years old.
  • Agree to use 2 barrier methods of birth control during the study and for 6 months after stopping the medications.
  • Meet 1 of the following sets of guidelines: 1) have a CD4 count of more than 100 cells/mm3 and have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of less than 10,000 copies/ml within 35 days prior to study entry, and have taken stable anti-HIV drugs for at least 12 weeks prior to study entry and plan to remain on the same treatment for the first 24 weeks of the study; or 2) have a CD4 count of more than 300 cells/mm3 within 35 days prior to study entry and have not taken any anti-HIV drugs in the 12 weeks prior to entry, and do not plan to start anti-HIV treatment within the first 24 weeks of study entry.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have a positive test for hepatitis B.
  • Show evidence of medical conditions associated with long-term liver disease other than HCV.
  • Have severe mental illness, especially depression, or have been hospitalized for mental illness within the previous 24 weeks.
  • Are allergic to any of the study products.
  • Have uncontrolled seizures.
  • Have had or currently have any immune diseases.
  • Have lung disease such that function is limited.
  • Have had evidence of heart disease or certain heart problems within 24 weeks of study entry.
  • Have severe retinopathy (eye disease).
  • Have had a major organ transplant and still have the graft.
  • Have any other severe disease or cancer that would interfere with the study.
  • Have had anti-cancer or immune-regulating drugs or radiation treatment within 24 weeks of study entry or expect to need such treatment during the study.
  • Have received rifampin, rifabutin, pyrazinamide, isoniazid, ganciclovir, hydroxyurea, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) within 6 weeks of study entry.
  • Abuse drugs or alcohol. Patients in methadone programs may participate.
  • Have a blood disorder such as thalassemia.
  • Have received interferon or oral ribavirin therapy.
  • Have taken an experimental drug that affects HCV, within 6 weeks of study entry.
  • Need to use during the study any of the drugs prohibited by the study.
  • Have had an opportunistic (AIDS-related) infection within 4 weeks of study entry.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00008463
A5071, 10675, Substudy AACTG A5091s, ACTG A5071, AACTG A5071
Not Provided
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Raymond Chung, MD Harvard Massachusetts General Hospital
Study Chair: Paul Volberding, MD San Francisco General Hospital
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
June 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP