Homoharringtonine in Treating Patients With Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00006364
First received: October 4, 2000
Last updated: January 22, 2013
Last verified: January 2013

October 4, 2000
January 22, 2013
November 1999
September 2005   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) of homoharringtonine as assessed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) [ Time Frame: 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Complete hematologic remission (CHR) defined as at least 4 weeks of bone marrow (less than 5% blasts) and peripheral blood with WBC < 10 x 10^9/L and no peripheral blasts, promyelocytes, or myelocytes [ Time Frame: Up to 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Using a Bayesian approach.
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00006364 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Homoharringtonine in Treating Patients With Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Phase I and Pilot Study of Subcutaneous Homoharringtonine in Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of homoharringtonine in treating patients who have chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as homoharringtonine, work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die

OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of homoharringtonine in patients with transformed phases of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). (Phase I completed as of 2/11/2004.) II. Determine the toxicity profile of this drug in these patients. III. Determine the response duration in patients with chronic phase CML treated with this drug.

IV. Compare the pharmacokinetics of this drug administered as a continuous infusion vs subcutaneously in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot, dose-escalation study. (Phase I completed as of 2/11/2004.)

Remission induction therapy: Patients receive remission induction therapy comprising homoharringtonine IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 and then subcutaneously (SC) twice daily on days 2-14 for course 1. Subsequent courses of remission induction therapy comprise homoharringtonine SC twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment continues monthly for at least 2 courses.

Maintenance therapy: Patients with complete hematologic remission receive maintenance therapy comprising homoharringtonine SC twice daily on days 1-7 monthly for 3 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of homoharringtonine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. An additional cohort of 25-30 patients with chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia receives remission induction and maintenance therapy as above at the MTD. (Phase I completed as of 2/11/2004.)

Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 50 patients will be accrued for this study.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Positive
  • Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Drug: omacetaxine mepesuccinate
    Given IV or SC
    Other Names:
    • CGX-635
    • homoharringtonine
  • Other: pharmacological study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: pharmacological studies
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
Experimental: Treatment (omacetaxine mepesuccinate)

Remission induction therapy: Patients receive remission induction therapy comprising homoharringtonine IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 and then subcutaneously (SC) twice daily on days 2-14 for course 1. Subsequent courses of remission induction therapy comprise homoharringtonine SC twice daily on days 1-14. Treatment continues monthly for at least 2 courses.

Maintenance therapy: Patients with complete hematologic remission receive maintenance therapy comprising homoharringtonine SC twice daily on days 1-7 monthly for 3 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Interventions:
  • Drug: omacetaxine mepesuccinate
  • Other: pharmacological study
  • Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
50
Not Provided
September 2005   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), as defined by the following:

    • Less than 15% blasts in the peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM)
    • Less than 20% basophils in the PB or BM
    • Platelet count > 100,000/mm^3 (unless related to therapy)
    • Absence of clonal evolution*
  • Philadelphia chromosome- OR BCR/ABL-positive disease by cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization, or polymerase chain reaction
  • Failed prior therapy with imatinib mesylate, as defined by any of the following:

    • Failed to achieve or have lost a complete hematologic remission after 3 months of therapy
    • Failed to achieve or have lost at least a minimal cytogenetic response after 6 months of therapy
    • Failed to achieve or have lost a major or complete cytogenetic response after 12 months of therapy
    • Unable to tolerate imatinib mesylate despite adequate dose adjustment
  • Failed no more than 2 prior treatment regimens (in addition to imatinib mesylate)

    • Treatment with hydroxyurea is not considered one regimen
  • Ineligible for known regimens or protocols of higher efficacy or priority
  • Performance status - Zubrod 0-2
  • At least 2 months
  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
Both
12 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00006364
NCI-2012-02360, ID 99-032, N01CM17003, CDR0000068237
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Jorge Cortes M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
January 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP