Fludarabine, Carboplatin, and Topotecan in Treating Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Leukemia or Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005593
First received: May 2, 2000
Last updated: June 9, 2010
Last verified: June 2010

May 2, 2000
June 9, 2010
September 1998
April 2002   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Determine the maximum tolerated dose of topotecan when administered with carboplatin and fludarabine. [ Time Frame: Patients are followed monthly for 6 months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00005593 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Fludarabine, Carboplatin, and Topotecan in Treating Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Leukemia or Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Phase I Study of Fludarabine, Carboplatin, and Topotecan for Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Leukemia and Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndromes

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome.

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of topotecan when administered with carboplatin and fludarabine in patients with refractory or relapsed acute leukemia or advanced myelodysplastic syndrome. II. Determine treatment related and dose limiting toxicities of this regimen in these patients. III. Determine the antileukemia activity of this regimen in these patients. IV. Correlate treatment related toxicities with steady state levels of topotecan in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of topotecan. Patients receive carboplatin IV continuously and fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5, then topotecan IV continuously on days 6-8. Patients with residual leukemia in the bone marrow at day 15 may receive a second induction course. Patients who achieve partial or complete remission after 1-2 induction courses receive 1 consolidation course of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan beginning 4-8 weeks after recovery from induction therapy. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of topotecan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The first 3 patients do not receive any topotecan. The MTD is defined as the dose at which no more than 2 of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicity. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-15 patients will be accrued for this study within 15-21 months.

Interventional
Phase 1
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Drug: carboplatin
    Patients receive carboplatin IV continuously over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Patients with residual leukemia in the bone marrow at day 15 may receive a second induction course. Patients who achieve partial or complete remission after 1-2 induction courses receive 1 consolidation course of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan beginning 4-8 weeks after recovery from induction therapy.
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
    Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1-5. Patients with residual leukemia in the bone marrow at day 15 may receive a second induction course. Patients who achieve partial or complete remission after 1-2 induction courses receive 1 consolidation course of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan beginning 4-8 weeks after recovery from induction therapy.
  • Drug: topotecan hydrochloride
    This is a dose escalation study of topotecan. Patients receive topotecan IV continuously on days 6-8. Patients with residual leukemia in the bone marrow at day 15 may receive a second induction course. Patients who achieve partial or complete remission after 1-2 induction courses receive 1 consolidation course of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan beginning 4-8 weeks after recovery from induction therapy.
Not Provided
Cooper BW, Ksenich P, Koc O, et al.: A phase I and pharmacodynamic study of fludarabine, carboplatin, and topotecan (FCT) for relapsed/refractory acute leukemia (RAL) and advanced myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 20: A-1207, 2001.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
31
March 2003
April 2002   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of one of the following: Acute myelogenous leukemia (M0-M7) M3 must have received tretinoin as part of induction or salvage chemotherapy No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Acute lymphocytic leukemia (L1 or L2) in first or second relapse Circulating blasts in blood or greater than 5% blasts in bone marrow No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Chronic myelogenous leukemia in myeloid or lymphoid blast crisis Initial diagnosis OR No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Acute myelogenous leukemia secondary to prior myelodysplastic syndrome or prior cytotoxic therapy No greater than 2 prior intensive induction regimens Myelodysplastic syndrome (must be neutropenic (absolute neutrophil count less than 500/mm3) or platelet or red cell transfusion dependent) Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) OR RAEB in transformation OR Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Relapse after greater than 3 months since prior autologous stem cell transplant allowed No relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplant No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 12 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-3 Life expectancy: At least 4 weeks Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL AST and ALT less than 3 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: No symptomatic cardiac disease No active ischemic heart disease No poorly controlled congestive heart failure No myocardial infarction within past 6 months Cardiac ejection fraction at least 40% Pulmonary: No symptomatic pulmonary disease No symptomatic restrictive or obstructive lung disease Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No active infections, unless receiving antibiotics and clinically stable Fever caused by tumor allowed HIV negative No other active malignant disease Curatively treated prior malignancies allowed No severe neurologic disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 5 days since prior hematopoietic growth factors Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 24 hours since prior hydroxyurea At least 2 weeks since other prior cytotoxic anticancer therapy Prior carboplatin, fludarabine, or topotecan allowed Endocrine therapy: Concurrent corticosteroids allowed Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

Both
12 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00005593
CWRU1998, P30CA043703, CWRU-1998, CWRU-059812, NCI-G00-1732
Yes
Brenda W. Cooper, MD, Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Brenda W. Cooper, MD Ireland Cancer Center at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
June 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP