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Augmerosen Plus Fludarabine and Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004862
First received: March 7, 2000
Last updated: January 31, 2013
Last verified: May 2002

March 7, 2000
January 31, 2013
October 1999
December 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Not Provided
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00004862 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Augmerosen Plus Fludarabine and Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
A Phase I Study of G3139 (NSC 683428) in Combination With Salvage Chemotherapy for Treatment of Refractory and Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of augmerosen plus fludarabine and cytarabine in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Gene therapy such as augmerosen may make cancer cells more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs. Combining more than one drug with augmerosen may kill more cancer cells.

OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of fludarabine and cytarabine when combined with augmerosen (G3139) in patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia and recommend a starting dose for phase II studies.

II. Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients with regard to organ specificity, time course, predictability, and reversibility.

III. Document the therapeutic response in patients treated with this regimen. IV. Measure bcl-2 and related antiapoptotic and proapoptotic proteins in circulating and/or marrow leukemia cells before, during, and after treatment with G3139.

V. Measure WT1 expression in leukemic blasts as a surrogate marker for minimal residual disease and correlate it with bcl-2 and related antiapoptotic and proapoptotic gene expression.

VI. Determine the time required for bcl-2 levels to recover after treatment with this regimen.

VII. Determine if TP53 mutations are present in leukemic blasts and how these mutations may affect expression of BAX, level of treatment induced apoptosis, and clinical endpoints.

VIII. Assess apoptosis in leukemic cells before, during, and after treatment with this regimen.

IX. Determine the pharmacokinetics of fludarabine and cytarabine in patients treated with this regimen.

X. Perform pharmacodynamic studies of fludarabine and cytarabine on the leukemic cells of patients prior to treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of fludarabine and cytarabine.

Patients receive augmerosen IV continuously on days 1-10 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes followed 3.5 hours later by cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 6-10. Patients who achieve complete response (CR) receive a second course beginning 4 weeks after completion of the first course. Patients who achieve CR and have a matched sibling or unrelated bone marrow donor may undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of fludarabine and cytarabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Interventional
Phase 1
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Leukemia
  • Biological: filgrastim
  • Biological: oblimersen sodium
  • Drug: cytarabine
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive augmerosen IV continuously on days 1-10 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients receive fludarabine IV over 30 minutes followed 3.5 hours later by cytarabine IV over 4 hours on days 6-10. Patients who achieve complete response (CR) receive a second course beginning 4 weeks after completion of the first course. Patients who achieve CR and have a matched sibling or unrelated bone marrow donor may undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of fludarabine and cytarabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
Interventions:
  • Biological: filgrastim
  • Biological: oblimersen sodium
  • Drug: cytarabine
  • Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
24
Not Provided
December 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • Marrow cellularity must be at least 20%
  • Must have diagnostic lumbar puncture and treatment with prophylactic intrathecal methotrexate within 1 week prior to entering study
  • No active CNS involvement
  • CNS involvement allowed if no residual leukemic cells are detected in CSF following intrathecal chemotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Age: 16 and over
  • Performance status: ECOG 0-2
  • Life expectancy: At least 4 weeks
  • Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal(ULN)

    • ALT and AST no greater than 2 times ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN*
    • Unless attributable to malignancy
  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL unless attributable to malignancy
  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • No unstable angina pectoris No or cardiac arrhythmia
  • Resting cardiac ejection fraction no less than 45% unless attributable to malignancy
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception before and during study
  • No history of allergy to study medications
  • No uncontrolled concurrent illness
  • No active infection
  • No serious medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude informed consent or limit survival to less than 4 weeks

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy except hydroxyurea
  • No concurrent corticosteroids except for grade 4 toxicity unresponsive to all other agents
  • At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy
  • No other concurrent investigational or standard agents or therapies for leukemia
Both
16 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00004862
NCI-2012-01399, OSU-99H0257, OSU-9977, NCI-T99-0057, CDR0000067515
Not Provided
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Study Chair: Guido Marcucci, MD Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
May 2002

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP