Study of New Magnetic Resonance Imaging Methods of the Brain

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified November 2013 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004577
First received: February 18, 2000
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: November 2013

February 18, 2000
March 14, 2014
February 2000
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00004577 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Study of New Magnetic Resonance Imaging Methods of the Brain
Characterization of Brain Morphology and Activity Using Functional and Anatomical MRI Contrast

The purpose of this investigation is to develop improved magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques and hardware for studying brain function. MRI is a diagnostic tool that provides information about brain chemistry and physiology. This study will evaluate new MRI methods for monitoring blood flow to regions of the brain in response to simple tasks. The MRI machine used in this study is more powerful than those in most hospitals, permitting a higher visual resolution.

Normal healthy volunteers over 18 years old may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and questionnaire, and a neurological examination. Study participants will have a yearly MRI scan. For this procedure, the subject lies on a stretcher that is moved into a donut-shaped machine with a strong magnetic field. A lightweight circular or rectangular coil a device that improves the quality of the images may be placed on the head. The scan time varies from 20 minutes to 3 hours; most scans last between 45 and 90 minutes. During the scan, the subject may perform simple tasks, such as listening to tapes, tapping a finger, moving a hand, watching a screen, or smelling a fragrance. More complex tasks may require thinking about tones or pictures and responding to them by pressing buttons.

Information from this study will be used to develop better imaging methods that will, in turn, permit a greater understanding of normal and abnormal brain behaviors.

The goal of this protocol is to improve the spatial resolution in MRI studies of the changes in hemodynamics that occur in the central nervous system (CNS) in healthy controls in response to sensory, motor, or cognitive stimulation.

CNS functional changes will be characterized by measuring blood flow, blood transit time, and blood oxygenation. These studies are required in order to develop and implement new imaging techniques for research and clinical applications on the 1.5T, 3.0T, and the 7.0T.

Techniques will be developed for anatomical and spectroscopic MRI that can take advantage of 7T field strength, extending parallel imaging strategies to 7T to realize the full gain in sensitivity. The aim is to obtain very high resolution anatomical MRI, high temporal and spatial resolution blood oxygenation (BOLD) and perfusion images, and spectroscopic studies of metabolites of the brain. All of these developments will be performed on normal, healthy volunteers.

Observational
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Healthy
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
650
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  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Any neurologically and psychiatrically normal, male or female, healthy volunteer over 18 years old. Subjects must be capable of understanding the procedures and requirements of this study. Subjects must be willing to sign an informed consent document.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

A subject will be excluded if he/she has a contraindication to MR scanning such as the following: pregnancy, aneurysm clip; implanted neural stimulator; implanted cardiac pacemaker or auto-defibrillator; cochlear implant; ocular foreign body (e.g. metal shavings), insulin pump or any pre-existing eye conditions. Subjects who underwent brain surgery, who have a central nervous system illness, neurological lesion, a psychiatric history or recurrent migraines that require medication will also be excluded from this study. Uncontrolled medical problems, such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, pulmonary or airway disease, heart failure, coronary artery disease. The contraindications to MRI at both 1.5 T and 3.0 T are identical. The 7T additionally excludes any ferromagnetic dental bridges or crowns. Additionally, Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation (tDCS) subjects we be exclude them from this protocol for any broken skin or lesions in the area of the electrodes; the presence of metal in the cranial cavity and/or holes in the skull made by trauma or surgery.

Both
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact: Susan Guttman (301) 451-9912 fultons@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Alan P. Koretsky, Ph.D. (301) 402-9659 koretskya@ninds.nih.gov
United States
 
NCT00004577
000082, 00-N-0082
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National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
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Principal Investigator: Alan P. Koretsky, Ph.D. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP