Internal Radiation Therapy Plus Carmustine Implants in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Malignant Glioma
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 1, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||February 6, 2009|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 1999|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003876 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Internal Radiation Therapy Plus Carmustine Implants in Treating Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Malignant Glioma|
|Official Title ICMJE||A Phase I Study of Concurrent Multi-Modality Treatment for Patients With Relapsed Malignant Glioma Using Permanent I-125 Interstitial Seeds and Dose Escalation of Gliadel 3.85% Carmustine (BCNU) Polymer Wafers|
RATIONALE: Internal radiation uses high-energy radiation to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining internal radiation therapy with chemotherapy implants may kill remaining tumor cells following surgery.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of internal radiation therapy plus carmustine implants in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory malignant glioma.
OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the toxic effects of concurrent permanent iodine I 125 interstitial seed implants and polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant (Gliadel wafers) in patients with recurrent or refractory malignant glioma. II. Assess preliminary efficacy of this regimen in terms of progression free survival and overall survival of these patients. III. Assess impact of this regimen on the quality of life and performance status of these patients. IV. Assess site of tumor progression following this regimen in these patients. V. Assess the relationship between progression free survival and the MIB-1 proliferative index of the resected malignant glioma.
OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study. Patients undergo craniotomy with the intent to obtain a complete resection of enhancing tumor. Following maximum tumor removal, iodine I 125 seeds and up to 8 polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implants (Gliadel wafers) are implanted into the resected tumor cavity. Cohorts of 6 patients each receive increasing numbers of Gliadel wafers placed into the tumor cavity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, then every 3 months, and at tumor progression. Patients are followed monthly until death.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 12-18 patients will be accrued for this study within 18 months.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 1|
|Study Design ICMJE||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Condition ICMJE||Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed recurrent or refractory glioblastoma multiforme, gliosarcoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (mixed glioma), anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, or malignant dedifferentiation from prior low grade glioma Tumor in first relapse Measurable disease by MRI scan Enhancing lesion amenable to gross total resection Postoperative resection cavity not communicating freely with ventricular system
PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: Greater than 8 weeks Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 10.0 g/dL Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT or SGPT less than 2.5 times ULN Renal: Not specified Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception HIV negative No AIDS-related illness No other malignancy within past 5 years, except: Basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that would interfere with study compliance No active infection requiring systemic antibiotics No nonmalignant systemic disease considered to increase medical risk
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent biologic therapy Chemotherapy: At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks since nitrosoureas or mitomycin) and recovered No prior polifeprosan 20 with carmustine implant (Gliadel wafers) Prior adjuvant chemotherapy allowed No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Patient on stable steroid therapy for at least 2 weeks prior to study No concurrent hormonal agents Radiotherapy: Prior radiosensitization allowed and recovered Prior external beam radiotherapy required and recovered No concurrent radiotherapy (including palliative) Surgery: Prior surgery or biopsy required and recovered Other: No prior iodine I 125 seed implants Concurrent alternative therapy allowed No other concurrent antineoplastic therapy No other concurrent investigational drugs
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00003876|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||CDR0000067042, UCMC-98724, UCMC-55853, NCI-V99-1543|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Barrett Cancer Center|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Verification Date||May 2001|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP