Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer or Other Hematologic or Metabolic Diseases

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003662
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2011
Last verified: March 2011

November 1, 1999
March 3, 2011
August 1998
January 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003662 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer or Other Hematologic or Metabolic Diseases
A Pilot Study of Unrelated Umbilical Cord Blood Transplantation in Adults and Children With Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes or Inherited Metabolic or Hematologic Diseases

RATIONALE: Umbilical cord blood transplantation may be able to replace cells destroyed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of umbilical cord blood transplantation in treating patients who have hematologic cancer or other hematologic or metabolic diseases.

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the rates of durable engraftment in patients with severe aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, inborn errors of metabolism, or inherited hematopoietic disorders refractory to medical management, who are undergoing high dose chemoradiotherapy followed by unrelated cord blood (UCB) transplantation. II. Determine the incidence and severity of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease in these patients. III. Monitor overall and event-free survival of these patients. IV. Evaluate rate and quality of immunologic reconstitution of these patients. V. Determine whether nucleated cell or progenitor cell content of the graft is predictive of engraftment.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to low vs high weight. Patients with severe aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndrome, or bone marrow failure receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -3 or melphalan IV over 20 minutes on days -4 to -2, antithymocyte globulin (ATG) IV over 4 hours or methylprednisolone IV over 1 hour twice a day on days -3 to -1, and total lymphoid irradiation on day -1. On day 0, patients receive umbilical cord blood (UCB) infusion. Patients with inborn errors of metabolism or inherited hematopoietic disorders receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -9 to -6, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2 or melphalan IV over 20 minutes on days -4 to -2, and ATG IV over 4 hours or methylprednisolone IV over 1 hour on days -3 to -1. On day 0, patients receive UCB infusion. Patients with Fanconi's anemia receive ATG IV over 4 hours or methylprednisolone IV over 1 hour on days -6 to -1, cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -5 to -2, thoracoabdominal irradiation on day -1, and then the UCB infusion on day 0. Patients also receive cyclosporine and methylprednisolone beginning on day -2 and continuing as necessary as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis. Patients are followed indefinitely for survival and late toxicity.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 4-90 patients will be accrued for this study within 5 years.

Interventional
Phase 2
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Graft Versus Host Disease
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
  • Thymic Carcinoma
  • Biological: anti-thymocyte globulin
  • Drug: busulfan
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
  • Drug: cyclosporine
  • Drug: melphalan
  • Drug: methylprednisolone
  • Procedure: umbilical cord blood transplantation
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
90
January 2001
January 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed diagnosis of one of the following: - Severe aplastic anemia with bone marrow cellularity less than 20% and at least 2 of the following criteria: Granulocyte count less than 500/mm3 Platelet count less than 20,000/mm3 Reticulocyte count less than 50,000/mm3 Etiologies may be Fanconi's anemia, hypoplastic leukemia, monosomy 7, drug exposure (chloramphenicol, NSAIDS), viral exposure (EBV, hepatitis, parvovirus, HIV), nutritional deficiencies, thymoma, paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia - Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) that is refractory to medical management or with cytogenetic abnormalities predictive of transformation into acute leukemia, including 5q-, 7q-, monosomy 7, and trisomy 8 De novo primary or therapy-related secondary MDS Refractory anemia or refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts only - Inherited hematopoietic disorders that are refractory to medical management Severe combined immunodeficiency Familial erythrophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome Kostmann's syndrome (infantile agranulocytosis) Chronic granulomatous disease Leukocyte adhesion deficiency Chediak-Higashi syndrome Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria Fanconi's anemia Dyskeratosis congenita Diamond-Blackfan anemia Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia Osteopetrosis Gaucher's disease Lesch-Nyhan syndrome Mucopolysaccharidoses Lipidoses Must also meet all the following conditions: No HLA-ABC/DR identical related bone marrow or UCB donor No 5/6 antigen matched related bone marrow or UCB donor Condition precludes waiting to search and find a donor in the National Marrow Donor Registry Must have backup autologous or haploidentical related marrow Must have available serologic match umbilical cord blood unit in the New York Blood Center's Placental Blood Project

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: Zubrod 0-1 OR Karnofsky or Lansky 80-100% Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL ALT/AST no greater than 4 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: Shortening fraction or ejection fraction at least 80% of normal for age Pulmonary: FVC and FEV1 at least 60% predicted for age Adults: DLCO at least 60% predicted Other: No active concurrent malignancy No active infections at time of backup bone marrow harvest or pretransplant cytoreduction Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test HIV negative

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent immunosuppressive medications Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Both
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No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00003662
CDR0000066755, P30CA016056, RPCI-RP-9803, NCI-G98-1486
Yes
Not Provided
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Barbara Jean Bambach, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
March 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP