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Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 20, 2013
Last verified: March 2009

November 1, 1999
June 20, 2013
December 1997
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00003149 on Archive Site
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Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Phase II of Interleukin-12 for Plateau Phase Multiple Myeloma

RATIONALE: Interleukin-12 may kill tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor and by stimulating a person's blood cells to kill multiple myeloma cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of interleukin-12 given at different times in treating patients with multiple myeloma.

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the antitumor activity of interleukin-12 (IL-12) in patients with plateau phase multiple myeloma. II. Evaluate the toxic effects of IL-12 in these patients. III. Evaluate the effectiveness of IL-12 in augmenting T helper subsets in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by prior bone marrow transplantation (yes vs no) and by prior pneumococcal vaccine (Pnu-Immune-23) (yes vs no or unknown). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms: Arm I: Patients receive Haemophilus influenzae b vaccine (Hib TITER) and Pnu-Immune-23 on day 1 during week 1. Patients who have received Pnu-Immune-23 within the past 3 years receive Hib TITER but no Pnu-Immune-23. Patients receive low dose interleukin-12 (IL-12) subcutaneously (SQ) twice a week during weeks 1 and 2. Beginning on day 1 of week 3, patients receive high dose IL-12 SQ twice a week for an additional 12 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive Hib TITER and Pnu-Immune-23 as in arm I. Patients undergo observation during weeks 1-4, then receive low dose IL-12 SQ twice a week during weeks 5 and 6. Beginning on day 1 of week 7, patients receive high dose IL-12 SQ twice a week for an additional 12 weeks. Both arms: Patients without disease progression may continue to receive high dose IL-12 for an additional 14 weeks. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, every 6 months for the next 3 years, and then annually thereafter until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients (20 per arm) will be accrued for this study.

Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm
Biological: recombinant interleukin-12
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
September 2006
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven plateau phase multiple myeloma at original diagnosis: Bone marrow plasmacytosis with greater than 10% plasma cells, sheets of plasma cells, or biopsy proven plasmacytoma Must be in stable plateau phase requiring objective response, no evidence of continuing improvement by any criteria, and less than 20% variation in M protein at least 4 weeks prior to study Must have at least one of the following at original diagnosis: M protein in serum or urine X-ray evidence of osteolytic lesion Measurable or evaluable M protein Serum M protein greater than 1.0 g/dL Urine M protein greater than 200 mg/24 hours M protein less than these values will be considered evaluable (serum less than 1 g/dL or urine less than 200 mg/24 hours) Nonsecretory patients are ineligible

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance Status: ECOG 0-2 Life Expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 2,500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,250/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) SGOT less than 1.5 times ULN Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: No New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception No uncontrolled peptic ulcer disease No inflammatory bowel disease No history of significant autoimmune disease (rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus)

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: At least 60 days since prior biologic response modifiers At least 60 days since prior bone marrow transplantation Chemotherapy: At least 60 days since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent corticosteroids Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified

18 Years and older
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
CDR0000065934, E-1A96
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Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Martha Q. Lacy, MD Mayo Clinic
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
March 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP