Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002890
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: June 24, 2013
Last verified: June 2013

November 1, 1999
June 24, 2013
October 1996
January 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002890 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
PHASE I DOSE-ESCALATION TRIAL OF YTTRIUM-90-LABELED HuM195 (HUMANIZED ANTI-CD33) IN PATIENTS WITH ADVANCED MYELOID MALIGNANCIES

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of radiolabeled monoclonal antibody in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia.

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety and toxicity of yttrium-90-labeled humanized monoclonal antibody M195 (90Y-MOAB HuM195) in patients with relapsed or refractory myeloid malignancies. II. Determine the pharmacology and dosimetry of 90Y-MOAB HuM195. III. Study the biological effects of 90Y-MOAB HuM195, including the ability to elicit human anti-human antibody responses and antileukemic responses.

OUTLINE: This study seeks to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of yttrium-90-labeled humanized monoclonal antibody M195 (90Y-MOAB HuM195). All patients receive a single intravenous dose of 90Y-MOAB HuM195. Groups of 3 to 6 patients are treated at escalated doses of yttrium-90 until the MTD is determined. Patients with active leukemia who exhibit at least a 50% clearing of marrow blasts after the first dose may receive a second dose after 4-8 weeks provided remaining blasts are CD33-positive, there is no evidence of human anti-human antibody response, and any toxicity has resolved. All patients are followed monthly for 4 months after treatment.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 24 patients will be treated. The study is expected to require 12-18 months to complete.

Interventional
Phase 1
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Biological: lintuzumab
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
24
January 2001
January 2001   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Pathologically confirmed myeloid malignancies as follows: Acute myelogenous leukemia that is relapsed or refractory after at least 2 courses of standard induction chemotherapy Accelerated or myeloblastic chronic myelogenous leukemia Refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) RAEB in transformation Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia More than 25% of bone marrow blasts positive for the CD33 antigen Clear signs of active leukemia following recovery from prior therapy required No rapidly accelerating blast count No clinically unstable disease No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 16 Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100% Life expectancy: At least 6 weeks Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.5 mg/dL AST less than 3 times normal Alkaline phosphatase less than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No NYHA class III/IV status Pulmonary: No clinically significant pulmonary disease Other: No serious infection uncontrolled by antibiotics No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Recovered from prior therapy Biologic therapy: No detectable antibodies to M195 from prior monoclonal antibody M195 or HuM195 Chemotherapy: At least 2 days since hydroxyurea At least 3 weeks since other chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 3 weeks since radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Both
16 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00002890
96-010, CDR0000065213, NCI-H96-1100
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Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Joseph G. Jurcic, MD Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
June 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP