Trial of an Alternative Dosing Regimen of Oral Retrovir in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002020
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: February 1992

November 2, 1999
June 23, 2005
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00002020 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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Trial of an Alternative Dosing Regimen of Oral Retrovir in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC
Trial of an Alternative Dosing Regimen of Oral Retrovir in Patients With AIDS or Advanced ARC

To evaluate the safety and tolerance, in patients with severe clinical manifestations of HIV infection, of zidovudine (AZT) administered daily for 48 weeks as a low dose every 4 hours or a higher dose every 12 hours.

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Interventional
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Primary Purpose: Treatment
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
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Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

- Prophylaxis or treatment for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) consisting of either trimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole, aerosolized pentamidine, pyrimethamine / sulfadoxine, or dapsone allowed at the discretion of the investigator.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Any immediately life-threatening infection or medical condition present at the time of study entry.
  • Any active opportunistic or other infection requiring chronic therapy at the time of study entry. Patients with PCP may be randomized to study medication following a minimum 7-day course of therapy resulting in stabilization of their disease. Patients with stabilized disease must have a fever < 39 C for at least 48 hours, pO2 (on room air ) = or > 60 mm, and an Arterial/alveolar gradient = or < 30 mm.
  • Diagnosis of AIDS Dementia Complex.
  • Received more than 4 weeks of antiretroviral therapy or who previously discontinued antiretroviral therapy due to drug related toxicity.
  • Diseases and conditions listed in Exclusion Co-existing Conditions.

Patients must have the following:

  • Seropositive for HIV infection documented by any federally licensed ELISA and confirmed by Western blot.
  • Advanced HIV disease or AIDS-related complex.
  • Ability to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • AIDS with malignant disease likely to require cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Diagnosis of AIDS Dementia Complex.
  • Impaired renal function ( Creatinine clearance < 50 ml/min/1.73m2 or serum creatinine = or > 2 mg/dl).
  • Impaired hepatic function ( ALT = or > 5 x upper limit of normal).
  • Fever > 39 C at entry.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any other experimental therapy.
  • Drugs which cause significant bone marrow suppression.
  • Cytolytic chemotherapy.
  • Drugs which cause significant nephrotoxicity or hepatotoxicity.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Radiation therapy (with the exception of electron beam therapy to an area < 100 cm2).

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 2 weeks of study entry:

- Any other experimental therapy. Drugs which cause significant bone marrow suppression. Cytolytic chemotherapy. Drugs which cause significant nephrotoxicity or hepatotoxicity.

Excluded within 4 weeks of entry:

- Immunomodulating agents, including pharmacological doses of steroids for more than 10 days (except for management of severe PCP in which case duration should not exceed 21 days). Interferon. Isoprinosine. IL-2.

Excluded within 8 weeks of entry:

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Antiretroviral agents including:

- Ribavirin. Dideoxycytidine (ddC). Dideoxyadenosine (ddA). Didanosine (ddI). Foscarnet. Dextran Sulfate. AL-721. Retrovir (Zidovudine, AZT) for greater than 4 weeks or within 90 days of study entry, or patients who originally discontinued Retrovir due to drug-related toxicity. Drugs metabolized by hepatic glucuronidation may alter the metabolism of Retrovir and should not be used chronically.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Radiation therapy (with the exception of electron beam therapy to an area < 100 cm2) within 2 weeks of study entry.

Known active drug or alcohol abuse.

Both
13 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States,   Puerto Rico
 
NCT00002020
014L, 28
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Glaxo Wellcome
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NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
February 1992

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP