A Phase II Study of 5-Fluorouracil Administered as a One Hour Infusion in Combination With Calcium Leucovorin and Interferon Alpha-2A in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001428
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: January 2000

November 3, 1999
March 3, 2008
February 1995
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001428 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Phase II Study of 5-Fluorouracil Administered as a One Hour Infusion in Combination With Calcium Leucovorin and Interferon Alpha-2A in Advanced Colorectal Cancer
A Phase II Study of 5-Fluorouracil Administered as a One Hour Infusion in Combination With Calcium Leucovorin and Interferon Alpha-2A in Advanced Colorectal Cancer

This protocol will evaluate the activity of 5-Fluorouracil (FUra) given as a 1 hour infusion in combination with leucovorin (LV) and interferon IFN alpha-2a in patients with advanced, measurable colorectal cancer.

This protocol will evaluate the activity of 5-Fluorouracil (FUra) given as a 1 hour infusion in combination with leucovorin (LV) and interferon IFN alpha-2a in patients with advanced, measurable colorectal cancer. IFN alpha-2a will be given at 5 million U/m(2) SC days 1-6; LV, 200 mg/m(2), will be given as a short infusion over 30 minutes days 2-6, followed immediately by a 1 hour IV infusion of FUra days 2-6. The starting dose of FUra will be 425 mg/m(2)/d(1). Cycles will be repeated at three week intervals provided that the granulocyte count and platelet count have recovered to &gte; 1200/microL and &gte; 80,000/microL, respectively, and all non-hematologic toxicity has resolved. The dose of FUra will be adjusted according to individual tolerance. Preliminary experience with FUra given as a 1 hour infusion suggests that it is less toxic. The primary goal of this study is to determine if this less toxic regimen retains clinical antitumor activity. FUra plasma samples will be obtained the initial cycle at 50 and 55 minutes during the first 1 hour infusion of FUra to permit documentation of achieved plasma levels and to permit correlation between FUra pharmacokinetics and clinical toxicity and/or response. Pharmacokinetic sampling will be repeated if the dose of FUra is increased or decreased in subsequent cycles.

Patients will be stratified according to whether or not they have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy. A two-stage design will be employed for patients with no prior chemotherapy: If less than or equal to 4 responses are seen among the initial 20 previously untreated patients, accrual will cease. If greater than or equal to 5 responses are seen in the initial 20 patients, however, accrual will be expanded to 40 patients.

Fourteen patients who have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy (completing it at least 6 months prior to study entry) or have received prior FUra only as a radiation sensitizer will be entered. If no responses are seen, accrual to this cohort will cease. If greater than or equal to 1 response is seen, accrual may be expanded to 24 patients.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Colorectal Neoplasms
Drug: 5-fluorouracil
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
65
December 2000
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DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

Unresectable primary colorectal adenocarcinoma that is metastatic or recurrent.

Objectively measurable disease required.

No cerebral metastases.

PRIOR/CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic Therapy:

No history of intolerance to interferon alfa (IFN-A).

At least 4 weeks since immunotherapy and recovered.

Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for metastatic or recurrent disease. At least 6 months since adjuvant chemotherapy with fluorouracil (5-FU) in combination with levamisole, leucovorin (CF), or IFN-A Interval waived for 5-FU (with or without CF) as a radiosensitizer only . No dose-limiting toxicity with prior 5-FU.

Endocrine Therapy: Not specified

Radiotherapy: At least 2 weeks since palliative radiotherapy and recovered. Prior definitive pelvic or whole or upper abdominal radiotherapy allowed in the absence of current radiation enteritis.

Surgery: Prior surgery allowed with adequate healing/recovery

Patient Characteristics:

Age: 18 and over.

Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1.

Hematopoietic:

AGC at least 2,000.

Platelets at least 100,000.

Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL

Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL

Cardiovascular:

No MI within the past year.

No active ischemic heart disease.

No NYHA class III/IV status.

No symptomatic arrhythmia.

OTHER:

No requirement for pharmacologic steroid doses for inflammatory or autoimmune disorders. Physiologic replacement doses of steroids allowed.

No concurrent cimetidine or oxypurinol.

No HIV antibody.

No history of seizure disorder.

No active infection or other serious concurrent medical illness that would preclude treatment.

No second malignancy within 3 years except curatively treated: In situ carcinoma of cervix, Basal cell carcinoma of the skin.

No pregnant or nursing women.

Effective contraception required of fertile patients.

Both
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No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT00001428
950067, 95-C-0067
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National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Not Provided
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
January 2000

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP