Treatment of Patients With Cysticercosis With Praziquantel or Albendazole
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 3, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||November 27, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||July 1985|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00001205 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Treatment of Patients With Cysticercosis With Praziquantel or Albendazole|
|Official Title ICMJE||Treatment of Cysticercosis Including Neurocysticercosis With Praziquantel, Albendazole and Other Novel Treatment Modalities|
The purpose of this study is to evaluate, treat and follow patients with cysticercosis, an infection with the larval form of the pork tapeworm, T. solium. When people ingest cysts of T. solium eggs, cysts develop in the muscles, brain and other organs. The cysts enlarge and cause inflammation, usually in the brain. Patients may develop seizures, headache, nausea, vomiting, inability to walk, poor vision due to enlargement of the brain, and increased pressure in the brain. Other neurological problems may develop depending on the location of the cysts. The drugs praziquantel and albendazole are used to treat cysticercosis, but it is not clear if these drugs are effective in all patients, such as those with calcified cysts or brain enlargement.
Patients with suspected or confirmed cysticercosis may be eligible for this study. Participants will be hospitalized for 2 _ to 3 weeks and will take either praziquantel or albendazole by mouth for 2 weeks. They may receive a corticosteroid to lessen the side effects of the drug therapy. Patients will be evaluated with medically indicated tests and procedures that may include:
Some of the tests may be repeated on the last day of therapy and at 3 and 6 months or longer after therapy.
The purpose of this protocol is to allow evaluation, treatment and follow up of patients with cysticercosis. Cysticercosis is defined as an infection with the larvae form of T.solium and includes infection of the brain (neurocysticercosis) that accounts for most of the symptomatic disease and serious complications. Evaluation and treatment follows accepted clinical practice and information learned is observational. Two drugs, praziquantel and albendazole, have been used extensively in the treatment of cysticercosis and are the accepted therapies. Albendazole has recently been approved for the treatment of cysticercosis while praziquantel is not approved by the FDA but has proven efficacy and safety. To decrease the provoked inflammation which can be induced by treatment or to decrease inflammation in active disease, corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive agents may be used. Anti seizure medications are also commonly used.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||150|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Patients aged 1 to 75 years will be considered for therapy. Children under age 18 normally will be eligible for use of immunosuppressives other than corticosteroids. Children who have cysticercosis and are younger than age 18 years are rarely seen at the clinical center; therefore, use of these medications in children will require a special exemption.
Patients with proven or likely neurocysticercosis. The diagnosis of neurocysticercosis depends on the presence of cysts by MRI or CT scan and/or the presence of typical calcifications by CT. Serology is usually, but not necessarily, positive.
Willing to sign consent and be seen at prescribed intervals.
Patients who are pregnant will be included, however, they will not be offered treatment with albendazole, praziquantel and/or methotrexate during the pregnancy unless the clinical condition is severe, eg. life threatening, in the opinion of the PI. They may receive coritcosteroids.
|Ages||1 Year to 75 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00001205|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||850127, 85-I-0127|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||January 2013|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP