A Study to Learn More About MAC Disease and the Use of Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients With Advanced HIV Infection
|First Received Date ICMJE||November 2, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||February 16, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000895 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Study to Learn More About MAC Disease and the Use of Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients With Advanced HIV Infection|
|Official Title ICMJE||Pathogenesis of MAC Disease in Advanced HIV-1-Infected Subjects and the Impact of Highly-Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART) on Immune Functions Relevant for MAC and Other Opportunistic Infections|
The purpose of this study is to determine if infection with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) occurs in other parts of the body before it is found in the blood. This study also evaluates the relationships between the amount of HIV in the blood, immune system functions, and the presence of MAC infection.
HIV-positive patients are at risk for MAC infection because their immune systems have been weakened by HIV. It is hoped that aggressive treatment with anti-HIV drugs may improve their immune systems enough to prevent against MAC.
The intent of this study is to define more precisely the natural history and immunopathogenesis of MAC disease in the HIV-infected population. It is suggested that MAC disease in AIDS patients results both from specific immunologic deficiencies caused by HIV infection of the host and as a result of specific mycobacterial virulence properties. Therefore, aggressive antiretroviral drug treatment of HIV-infected patients at risk for DMAC due to specific immune deficiencies will improve these immune functions in such a manner as to resist DMAC.
A total of 85 patients will be stratified at baseline into one of three groups:
Group I - 40 patients at high risk for MAC infection are neither followed beyond baseline nor receive study treatment.
Group II - 15 patients with DMAC, i.e., newly diagnosed MAC-bacteremic patients with no more than 72 hours prior treatment for MAC, receive individualized regimen of HAART for 48 weeks: nelfinavir (NEV), nevirapine (NVP), and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor(s) as per primary physician. Patients are evaluated through clinical, microbiologic, and virologic assessments, and intensive immunologic evaluations at Weeks 12, 24, and 48.
Group III - 30 asymptomatic HIV-infected patients are further stratified (15 patients/stratum) by CD4 count (less than or equal to 50 cells/mm3 or 100-250 cells/mm3). Patients in Group III follow the same HAART regimen and evaluations as Group II patients and continue evaluations for up to 48 weeks, if an acceptable response is found within 12 weeks of entry. Patients in Stratum 1 of Group III receive MAC prophylaxis with azithromycin once weekly with follow-up evaluations as in Group II. Patients in Group III that have a positive MAC blood or bone marrow culture at any time during the study will, from that point on, follow the same schedule of evaluations as patients in Group II.
[AS PER AMENDMENT 11/3/98: Up to 100 evaluable patients will now be studied. Group 2 is now modified to include up to an additional 15 evaluable patients with known MAC bacteremia and less than or equal to 7 days prior MAC treatment who are unable to commit to long-term follow-up (Group 2b); these patients will undergo only baseline evaluations. Group 2a consists of 15 evaluable patients with known MAC bacteremia and less than or equal to 7 days of prior MAC treatment who are willing and able to enter the follow-up phase.]
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||MacGregor RR, Hafner R, Wu JW, Murphy RL, Perlman DC, Bermudez LE, Inderlied CB, Picker LJ, Wallis RS, Andersen JW, Mahon LF, Koletar SL, Peterson DM; ACTG Protocol 341 Team. Clinical, microbiological, and immunological characteristics in HIV-infected subjects at risk for disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex disease: an AACTG study. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2005 Aug;21(8):689-95.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||August 2001|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
You may be eligible for this study if you:
You will not be eligible for this study if you:
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00000895|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||ACTG 341, 11312|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Verification Date||February 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP