Soy Estrogen Alternative Study (SEA)
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 27, 1999|
|Last Updated Date||June 23, 2005|
|Start Date ICMJE||January 1996|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT00000612 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Soy Estrogen Alternative Study (SEA)|
|Official Title ICMJE||Not Provided|
To conduct a three-armed trial assessing the effect of soy phytoestrogens on menopausal complaints, plasma lipids and lipoproteins, vaginal bleeding and endometrial proliferation, and health related quality of life.
The results of many studies indicate that estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) reduces the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in postmenopausal women. However, less than 9 percent of these women choose to take ERT because of unwanted side effects and concerns about increased risk of cancer associated with ERT. Therefore, alternative therapies are needed.
The isoflavonoids found in soy protein (specifically genistein) have many properties that may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. These include favorable effects on plasma lipids and coronary artery vasomotion. Furthermore, genistein is a tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor with inhibitory effects on thrombin activity and TK receptor-linked mitogens that may be associated with atherogenesis and neointimal formation after angioplasty.
Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled. The women were randomized into one of three groups: placebo, conjugated equine estrogens, or soy supplementation. Primary endpoints were the impact on menopausal complaints such as hot flushes, mood lability, anxiety, sleep disturbances; effects on plasma lipids and lipoproteins, including lipoprotein (a); effects on vaginal bleeding and endometrial proliferation; changes in health-related quality of life. Secondary endpoints included: assessment of the impact of these interventions on the progression of carotid artery intimal medial wall thickening as assessed by B-mode ultrasonography; bone density and bone turnover; additional measures to monitor the compliance and safety of the intervention such as mammography, anticipated or known side effects of hormone replacement therapy, blood levels of genistein, and clinical outcomes such as hospitalizations, physician visits, and symptoms. The study ended in December, 1998.
The study was a subproject within a program project on coronary atherosclerosis in females, primarily monkeys. Dr. Thomas B. Clarkson was the P.I. The subproject dollars were estimated based on the CRISP dollars assigned to the study which were approximately 12 percent of the total program project dollars and were broken down as follows: FY 1996 - 219,254; FY 1997 - $217,000; FY 1998 - $221,000.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Study Arm (s)||Not Provided|
|Publications *||Clarkson TB, Anthony MS, Williams JK, Honoré EK, Cline JM. The potential of soybean phytoestrogens for postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1998 Mar;217(3):365-8.|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Enrollment ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Completion Date||December 1998|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
Perimenopausal/menopausal women, ages 45 to 55.
|Ages||45 Years to 55 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Not Provided|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT00000612|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||115|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Investigators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|
|Verification Date||November 2000|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP