Trial record 2 of 31 for:    novartis and h1n1

Novartis H1N1 Vaccine in Pregnant Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00992719
First received: October 8, 2009
Last updated: August 1, 2013
Last verified: July 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of a 2009 H1N1 influenza vaccine in pregnant women and to determine how their body reacts to different strengths of the vaccine. Two strengths of the H1N1 influenza vaccine will be tested. Since it is not known if the response to the vaccine in pregnant women is the same or different than in non-pregnant women, the study also includes a group of women who are not pregnant for comparison. Participants include 200 pregnant women and 100 non-pregnant women ages 18-39. Study procedures include physical exams, several blood samples and maintaining a memory aid to document daily temperature and side effects for 8 days following vaccination. Participants will be involved in study related procedures for about 6 months.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II Study In Pregnant Women to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of an Unadjuvanted Novartis H1N1 Inactivated Influenza Vaccine Administered at Two Dose Levels

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Reporting Maternal Complications of Pregnancy, Labor and Delivery [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were contacted after delivery, and medical records reviewed, to collect complications experienced during pregnancy, labor and delivery. The data collection process followed a prospectively-defined list of complications reported for this outcome measure, some of which may have also been reported as serious adverse events if otherwise meeting those requirements.

  • Number of Births With Neonatal Complications [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were contacted after delivery, and medical records reviewed, to collect neonatal complications. The data collection process followed a prospectively-defined list of complications reported for this outcome measure, some of which may have also been reported as serious adverse events if otherwise meeting those requirements.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Vaccine-associated Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Day 180 after vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Serious adverse events included any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death of the mother, fetus or infant; was life threatening to mother, fetus or infant; was a persistent/significant disability/incapacity; required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation thereof; was a congenital anomaly/birth defect in fetus or infant; or may have jeopardized the mother, fetus or infant, or required intervention to prevent one of the outcomes, or was described as Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Association was determined by a clinician licensed to diagnose and listed on the site's FDA Form 1572.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Local Reactions After Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days post vaccination (Day 0-7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of pain, tenderness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Local Reactions After Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days post vaccination (Day 0-7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of redness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). If the reaction was present, the maximum diameter was measured in millimeters (mm). Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the reaction with any measurement greater than 0 mm on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days post vaccination (Day 0-7) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, malaise, myalgia, headache, and nausea for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they reported experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Fever After Vaccination [ Time Frame: Within 8 days (Day 0-7) post vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants were provided with a thermometer and a memory aid on which to record daily oral temperatures for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). The protocol defined fever as oral temperature of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher. Participants are counted as experiencing fever if they reported oral temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants With 4-fold or Greater Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer Increases Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 21 after the first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to vaccination as well as 21 days after vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 post vaccination titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 post vaccination titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 21 following vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to and at Day 21 post vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer Greater Than or Equal to 40 Against the Novel Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus in the Maternal Blood at the Time of Delivery [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from participants at the time of delivery for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer Greater Than or Equal to 40 Against the Novel Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus in Cord Blood [ Time Frame: At time of delivery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cord blood was collected at the time of delivery for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.


Enrollment: 84
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: February 2011
Primary Completion Date: February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Group 3: Non-pregnant Women: 15 mcg H1N1 Vaccine
100 non-pregnant women to receive 15 mcg inactivated H1N1 vaccine.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
H1N1 vaccine [Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine] is a licensed, inactivated influenza virus vaccine. It will be provided as prefilled single dose syringes containing 0.5 mL. The 0.5 mL prefilled syringe is formulated without preservative. The 15 microgram (mcg) dose will be administered as a single 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm. The 30 mcg dose will be administered as two 0.5 mL injections in the deltoid muscle of each arm.
Experimental: Group 2: Pregnant Women: 30 mcg H1N1 Vaccine
100 pregnant women to receive 30 mcg inactivated H1N1 vaccine.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
H1N1 vaccine [Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine] is a licensed, inactivated influenza virus vaccine. It will be provided as prefilled single dose syringes containing 0.5 mL. The 0.5 mL prefilled syringe is formulated without preservative. The 15 microgram (mcg) dose will be administered as a single 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm. The 30 mcg dose will be administered as two 0.5 mL injections in the deltoid muscle of each arm.
Experimental: Group 1: Pregnant Women: 15 mcg H1N1 Vaccine
100 pregnant women to receive 15 mcg inactivated H1N1 vaccine.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
H1N1 vaccine [Influenza A (H1N1) 2009 Monovalent Vaccine] is a licensed, inactivated influenza virus vaccine. It will be provided as prefilled single dose syringes containing 0.5 mL. The 0.5 mL prefilled syringe is formulated without preservative. The 15 microgram (mcg) dose will be administered as a single 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm. The 30 mcg dose will be administered as two 0.5 mL injections in the deltoid muscle of each arm.

Detailed Description:

Recently, a novel swine-origin influenza A/H1N1 virus was identified as a significant cause of febrile respiratory illnesses in Mexico and the United States. It rapidly spread to many countries around the world, prompting the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic on June 11, 2009. Pregnant women are at an increased risk for serious consequences of influenza infection. A 15 microgram (mcg) dose of unadjuvanted inactivated H1N1 vaccine is recommended for healthy adults and recent preliminary data indicates this dose is likely to be protective for pregnant women. However, a higher dose of an unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine may be necessary to confer optimal protection to this at risk population. This protocol will explore the antibody response following vaccination of pregnant women at 2 different dose levels (15 mcg and 30 mcg) and a non-pregnant control group receiving a 15 mcg dose. Antibody responses will be assessed at 21 days and 180 days post vaccination. For pregnant women, maternal and cord blood will be collected to determine the level of H1N1 antibodies transferred to the baby. An optimal immune response in pregnant women would impact transplacental transport of protective antibodies which is important since vaccines are not available for infants younger than six months, another at risk population for severe H1N1 disease. Sustained immunity for at least 6 months post-vaccination would impart benefit not only to the woman herself but also decrease a primary exposure risk (infected mother) for the newborn infant. Furthermore, a systematic evaluation of the kinetics of maternally transferred antibodies to 2009 H1N1 influenza virus will help improve and develop strategies to protect infants from influenza. This is an open label, Phase II study in pregnant and non-pregnant women, aged 18-39 years old designed to investigate the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza H1N1 virus vaccine. Pregnant women will be randomized into 2 groups (100 per dose group) to receive intramuscular (IM) inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine at 15 mcg (Group 1) or 30 mcg (Group 2). A non-pregnant control group of 100 subjects will receive IM inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine at 15 mcg (Group 3). Following immunization, safety will be measured by assessment of adverse events (AEs) through 21 days post vaccination (serious AEs and new-onset chronic medical conditions monthly through 6 months post vaccination (Day 180). Reactogenicity to the vaccine will be assessed for 8 days following vaccination (Day 0-7). Immunogenicity testing will include hemagglutination inhibition assay (HAI) and neutralizing antibody testing on serum obtained on Days 0, 21, and 180. For the pregnant groups, HAI antibody testing will also be performed on serum from the participant at delivery, on serum from cord blood collected at delivery and, when possible, on serum samples collected from the participant at day 180 and from the infant at 6 weeks, four months, or six months after delivery. The primary safety objective is to assess the safety of unadjuvanted, inactivated H1N1 influenza vaccine in pregnant women when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose. The primary immunogenicity objective is to assess the antibody response to unadjuvanted, inactivated H1N1 influenza vaccine in pregnant women when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose. The secondary objective for pregnant women is to assess the efficiency of placental transport of maternal influenza antigen specific antibodies to the neonate.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 39 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Pregnant women:

  • Pregnant female between the ages of 18 and 39 years, inclusive.
  • Is from 14 weeks/0 days through 33 weeks/6 days of gestation.
  • Had at least one prenatal visit during which pregnancy was confirmed.
  • Is in good health, as determined by vital signs (heart rate less than or equal to 100 beats per minute; blood pressure: systolic less than or equal to 140 mm Hg; diastolic less than or equal to 90 mm Hg; oral temperature less than or equal to 100 degrees Fahrenheit), medical history to ensure any existing medical diagnoses or conditions are stable and not considered clinically significant, and targeted physical examination based on medical history.
  • Receipt of the 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccine no less than two weeks prior to enrollment in this study.
  • Intend to be available through 6 months following receipt of H1N1 vaccine.
  • Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.
  • Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.
  • Agrees to sign medical release for herself and her infant(s) to allow study staff to gather pregnancy outcome data, if needed per clinical site policy.

Non-pregnant women:

  • Female between the ages of 18-39 years, inclusive.
  • For the 30 days prior to enrollment through 30 days following receipt of H1N1 vaccine must fulfill one of the following: (i) she is not able to bear children because she has been surgically sterilized (tubal ligation or hysterectomy) for at least one year or is at least 1 year post-menopausal or (ii) she agrees to practice effective methods of contraception including, but not limited to, abstinence, barrier methods (such as a condom or diaphragm) used with a spermicide, birth control pills, patches or hormonal shots or hormonal implants, NuvaRing and IUDs (intrauterine devices).
  • For a female subject of childbearing potential, must have a negative pregnancy test (urine or serum) within 24 hours prior to vaccination.
  • Is in good health, as determined by vital signs, medical history to ensure any existing medical diagnoses or conditions are stable and not considered clinically significant, and targeted physical examination based on medical history (if indicated). A stable chronic medical condition is defined as no change in prescription medication, dose, or frequency of medication in the last 3 months and health outcomes of the specific disease are considered to be within acceptable limits in the last 6 months. Any change that is due to change of health care provider, insurance company etc, or that is done for financial reasons, as long as in the same class of medication will not be considered a violation of this inclusion criterion. Any change in prescription medication due to improvement of a disease outcome will not be considered a violation of this inclusion criterion.
  • Receipt of the 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccine no less than two weeks prior to enrollment in this study
  • Intend to be available for a follow-up visit and phone call access through 6 months following receipt of H1N1 vaccine.
  • Able to understand and comply with planned study procedures.
  • Provides written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

Pregnant women:

  • Has a known allergy or hypersensitivity to eggs or other components in the vaccines (these may include, but are not limited to: polymyxin and neomycin).
  • Has a history of severe reactions following previous immunization with influenza virus vaccines.
  • Has participated in a novel influenza H1N1 2009 vaccine study in the past 2 years, has received a H1N1 2009 vaccine or has history of novel influenza H1N1 2009 infection evaluated by a healthcare professional prior to enrollment.
  • Has received any other live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study or plan receipt of such vaccines within 21 days following vaccination. Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine and tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine and human papillomavirus vaccine are permitted post-partum.
  • Has received an experimental/investigational agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive another experimental/investigational agent during the study period (prior to 180 days post vaccination).
  • Has an acute illness and/or an oral temperature >/= 100.0 F, within 72 hours of vaccination (This may result in a temporary delay of vaccination).
  • Has immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Has an active neoplastic disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer), a history of any hematologic malignancy, current bleeding disorder, or taking anticoagulants.
  • Long term use of glucocorticoids, including oral or parenteral, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 micrograms/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months (nasal and topical steroids are allowed) or has received betamethasone or dexamethasone to accelerate fetal lung maturity.
  • Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product (with exception of Rhogam) within the 3 months prior to enrollment in this study.
  • Has a diagnosis of a current and uncontrolled major psychiatric disorder.
  • Has been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others, within the past 10 years.
  • The subject is receiving any of the following psychiatric drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate. Subjects who are receiving an antidepressant drug (not listed above) and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating are allowed enrollment into the study.
  • Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Has a seizure disorder or is on an anti-seizure medication.
  • Has a history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
  • Plan to travel outside of North America in the time between vaccination and 21 days following vaccination
  • Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator would render vaccination unsafe, or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to, known cardiac disease, chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorder, transplant recipients or uncontrolled diabetes, juvenile diabetes (Type I) or advanced diabetes with renal disease or eye disease, diabetes controlled by diet or insulin is acceptable).
  • Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.

Non-pregnant women:

  • Has a known allergy or hypersensitivity to eggs, egg proteins, other components in the vaccines (these may include, but not limited to: polymyxin and neomycin).
  • Has a history of severe reactions following previous immunization with influenza virus vaccines.
  • Has participated in a novel influenza H1N1 2009 vaccine study in the past 2 years, has received H1N1 2009 vaccine or has history of novel influenza H1N1 2009 infection evaluated by a healthcare professional prior to enrollment.
  • Has received any other live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study or plan receipt of such vaccines within 21 days following vaccination.
  • Has received an experimental/investigational agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study, or expects to receive another experimental/investigational agent during the study period (prior to 180 days post vaccination).
  • Is breastfeeding or intends to become pregnant during the study period between enrollment and 30 days following receipt of the H1N1 vaccine.
  • Has an acute illness and/or an oral temperature greater than or equal to 100.0 F, within 72 hours of vaccination (This may result in a temporary delay of vaccination).
  • Has immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anti-cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the preceding 36 months.
  • Has an active neoplastic disease (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer), a history of any hematologic malignancy, current bleeding disorder, or taking anticoagulants.
  • Long term use of glucocorticoids, including oral or parenteral, or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 micrograms/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months (nasal and topical steroids are allowed).
  • Has a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months prior to enrollment in this study.
  • Has a diagnosis of a current and uncontrolled major psychiatric disorder.
  • Has been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others, within the past 10 years.
  • The subject is receiving any of the following psychiatric drugs: aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, trifluopromazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate. Subjects who are receiving an antidepressant drug (not listed above) and are stable for at least 3 months prior to enrollment without decompensating are allowed enrollment into the study.
  • Known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years.
  • Has a seizure disorder or is on an anti-seizure medication.
  • Has a history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
  • Plan to travel outside of North America in the time between vaccination and 21 days following vaccination.
  • Has an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator would render vaccination unsafe, or would interfere with the evaluation of responses (this includes, but is not limited to, known cardiac disease, chronic liver disease, significant renal disease, unstable or progressive neurological disorder, transplant recipients or uncontrolled diabetes, juvenile diabetes (Type I) or advanced diabetes with renal disease or eye disease, diabetes controlled by diet or insulin is acceptable.
  • Has any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place the subject at an unacceptable risk of injury or render the subject unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00992719

Locations
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Missouri
Saint Louis University - Center for Vaccine Development
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2573
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine - Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Washington
Group Health Cooperative
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00992719     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-0072, N01AI80057C
Study First Received: October 8, 2009
Results First Received: January 19, 2012
Last Updated: August 1, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
H1N1, influenza A viruses, vaccine, pregnant women

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014