Predicting Adherence to a Heart-Healthy Diet in Lean and Obese Individuals
- Sticking to a diet plan can be difficult, but is important for many different health reasons. Some people seem to have a harder time following and sticking to a diet plan than others. It is not clear whether people of different weights (lean or obese) might have differences in the way they adhere to diet plans. Researchers want to study three different groups of people based on their body mass index (BMI), which measures people based on their weight and height. The study will place the participants on a 6-week diet and see how well they follow the diet. The information from this study may help develop better weight-loss plans and healthy diet ideas.
- To understand what factors affect adherence to a diet plan.
- To collect information for future studies that may improve people's ability to stick to diets.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who are lean (BMI between 18.5 and 25) or obese (BMI greater than 30).
- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected. They will have a full-body scan to measure fat and muscle. They will also answer questions on eating behaviors, mood, and desire to change eating patterns.
- Participants will be separated into three groups. Each group will have a different diet. The lean group will have a heart-healthy diet designed to maintain the same weight. One of the obese groups will also have a heart-healthy diet designed to maintain the same weight. The other obese group will have a heart-healthy weight loss diet. In all groups, all food will be provided by the study doctors. Participants should not eat any food other than that provided for the study.
- Everyone will start with a 1-week food testing period to find the right number of calories for each group. After this first week, participants will attend one diet counseling session per week and will be contacted randomly once a week to check on the foods they have had in the past 24 hours. Participants will complete daily food diaries on paper as well as daily food records using a smart phone.
- Participants will come to the clinic twice a week to pick up the diet food. On one of those days, they will also have their counseling session.
- The study will last for 6 weeks. At the final study visit, participants will repeat the tests from the screening study.
Behavioral: Food Intake
Behavioral: Weight Loss
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Is Non-Adherence Unique to Weight-Loss? Predictors of Adherence to a Heart-Healthy Diet in Lean vs. Obese Individuals|
- Examine differences in dietary adherence between lean and obese individuals [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||March 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||February 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Food Intake
Adherence, or "sticking to your diet" is important for successful initial weight loss and keeping off the weight over the long term (1). While early behavioral and dietary adherence have been associated with greater weight loss, sticking to a diet plan is difficult. It is not clear if adherence to any diet plan (even one which does not produce weight loss) is hard or whether people who are overweight have more difficulty with adhering to diet plans compared to people who are relatively lean.
The main aim of this study is to evaluate dietary adherence in 3 groups of individuals participating in a 6-week heart-healthy dietary intervention program. Two groups [1. Lean (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) and 2. Obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30 kg/m(2)) will receive a heart-healthy diet designed to maintain their weight, and the third group (3. Obese) will be given a heart-healthy diet that is 35% less than their daily calorie needs to lose weight. Participants will attend one counseling session per week and will be contacted randomly 1x/week by study staff for completion of a 24-hour dietary recall. They will complete daily food diaries and daily records using smart-phones. Prior to starting the assigned heart-healthy dietary intervention, participants will complete questionnaires that include questions about how motivated they are to follow a diet, lose weight, and change eating patterns. These findings may help us understand what factors affect adherence, and help us design weight loss studies that improve people's ability to stick to diet interventions.
|Contact: Marci Gluck, Ph.D.||(602) firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Arizona|
|Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85014|
|Principal Investigator:||Marci Gluck, Ph.D.||National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)|