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Can we Predict Chronic Homelessness?

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 2013 by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01775683
First received: September 25, 2012
Last updated: January 22, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Homeless men and women suffer more illness and sooner death compared to housed people. Among the homeless, there is a group that suffers more illness than others. This group is usually homeless for several months, makes up a smaller proportion of homeless people and uses more resources from emergency shelters than other homeless people. Some have asked if a difference in thinking skills explains how people who are homeless for a long time need more help in getting and keeping housing compared to other homeless persons.

In this study, thinking skills that help a person plan and make decisions will be screened among those who have been homeless for a long time and those who were homeless for a short time. If there is a difference, then screening may change how future homeless people get the help they need.


Condition
Cognitive Impairment

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: A Case-control Study to Determine Whether a Screening Measure of Executive Dysfunction, the Quick EXIT, is Predictive of Chronic Homelessness

Further study details as provided by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Quick EXIT score [ Time Frame: Within 2 weeks of recruitment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The Colour Trails test score [ Time Frame: Within 2 weeks of recruitment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: January 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Group A - chronically homeless
Men and women, greater than or equal to age 18 years, English-speaking, who are currently homeless and/or housed in an emergency shelter or housing facility for chronically homeless individuals ≥ 6 months.
Group B - control/formerly homeless
Men and women, greater than or equal to 18 years, English-speaking who are not homeless ≥4 times in the last 3 years and currently living in stable housing ≥ 6 months and in the last 3 years, has been homeless ≤ 1 month

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Homeless men and women, greater or equal to 18 years, English-speaking, in Ottawa, ON, Canada

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women, greater than or equal to 18 years old, English speaking
  • Group A: currently homeless and/or housed in an emergency shelter or housing facility for chronically homeless individuals ≥ 6 months
  • Group B: not homeless ≥4 times in the last 3 years and currently living in stable housing ≥ 6 months and in the last 3 years, has been homeless ≤ 1 month

Exclusion Criteria:

At the time of testing, individuals with the following characteristics will be excluded:

  1. Altered mental status (determined by Nurse Coordinator through participant response to questions regarding orientation to person, place and season - score of at least 2/3 is considered intact mental status).
  2. Present intoxication (determined by Nurse Coordinator through participant evaluation of odour, either alcohol or non-beverage alcohol).
  3. Currently violent or aggressive towards testers (determined by Nurse Coordinator)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01775683

Locations
Canada, Ontario
The Ottawa Hospital Rehabilitation Centre Not yet recruiting
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1H 8M5
Contact: Claire Vayalumkal, BASc, MD    613-737-7350 ext 0    cvayalumkal@toh.on.ca   
Principal Investigator: Claire Vayalumkal, BASc, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Claire Vayalumkal, BASc, MD The Ottawa Hospital Rehabilitation Centre
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01775683     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 20120651-01H
Study First Received: September 25, 2012
Last Updated: January 22, 2013
Health Authority: Canada: Ethics Review Committee

Keywords provided by Ottawa Hospital Research Institute:
homelessness

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cognition Disorders
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014