DIT After RYGB - A Prospective Study (DIT RYGB)
Bariatric surgery is the only satisfactory treatment for loss and weight maintenance in obese patients. This loss is a result of several factors that go beyond the simple anatomical abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract and may be the product of post-op energy expenditure changes. The respiratory quotient (RQ) and diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) are important components of energy expenditure and possible changes in them can perform an important role in weight loss after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB). Previously, we conducted a cross-sectional study where we measured the RQ and DIT in pre and post-op RYGB patients, which was published in the Surgery of Obesity and Related Diseases (SOARD) journal. The objective of this study is to perform a prospective analysis of these same variables (RQ and DIT), evaluating them in the same patients, when pre and postoperatively.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Diet-induced Thermogenesis After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass - A Prospective Study|
- Post-op DIT increase [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A post-op increase in DIT is expected to be greater than in pre-op period and may be a positive predictor for weight loss during the post-op phase.
- Post-op RQ increase [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]A postprandial increase in RQ greater than that in the pre-op phase is expected showing improvement in carbohydrate metabolism after RYGB.
|Study Start Date:||August 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: A standard mixed Meal
The standard mixed meal was composed of a chicken salad sandwich and 200ml of coconut water, totalling 260 kcal, distributed among carbohydrates (62%), proteins (12%) and lipids (26%).
Other: A standard mixed Meal
All patients underwent an indirect calorimetry test, after a 12-h period of fasting from food and water, avoiding intake of alcohol or coffee, and avoiding physical exercise and cigarettes the day before the examination. To examine possible changes in the thermogenic effect of food, patients received a standard mixed meal (200 ml coconut water and a chicken salad sandwich using whole wheat bread). They then repeated the test 20 min and 60 min after eating to obtain a reading of the metabolic rate by considering DIT and the RQ in the postprandial period.
|Gastrocirurgia de Brasilia|
|Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brazil, 70390-108|
|Principal Investigator:||Silvia L Faria, M.Science||Gastrocirurgia de Brasilia|