Timing of Hypertonic Saline Inhalation Relative to Airways Clearance in Cystic Fibrosis

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Queen's University, Belfast
University of Ulster
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Katherine O'Neill, Queen's University, Belfast
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01753869
First received: December 13, 2012
Last updated: August 9, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

Lung disease is the predominant cause of morbidity and mortality in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) with 80% of deaths resulting directly or indirectly from pulmonary disease. Abnormal airway clearance causes retention of mucus resulting in frequent chest infections. Physiotherapists use different techniques to help clear mucus from the lungs of patients with CF. Inhaled medications and airways clearance techniques (ACTs) are central to a CF patient's daily treatment and are often coordinated.

Burden of treatment is a common reason for non-adherence in this patient group, and streamlining of treatment timings is sought to optimize adherence whilst ensuring efficacy to an often complex daily regimen of inhaled bronchodilators, nebulizers and ACTs. A gap in the research exists as to the optimal timing of Hypertonic Saline (HTS) and ACT within the daily regimen. A study to show whether the timing of HTS around ACT is significant, can better inform patients and potentially allow more flexibility around their treatment regimen.

Lung Clearance Index (LCI) has shown good sensitivity to abnormalities in lung function compared with spirometry and has demonstrated a treatment effect in other trials. LCI may be a suitable tool therefore, to assess intervention strategies aimed at airways clearance in CF. This study aims to compare the effects ACTs after HTS inhalation versus ACTs during HTS inhalation as measured by LCI.

It is a randomized, crossover trial of ACTs after HTS inhalation compared with ACTs during HTS inhalation in adult CF patients during day 10-14 of a hospital admission for treatment of a pulmonary exacerbation. Patients will be randomized to receive 1 of the treatment session options on the first day and the reverse on the second day.

The primary objective of this study is to compare the change in LCI (a measure of lung function) at 90 minutes post treatment with ACTs after HTS inhalation compared with ACTs during HTS inhalation in adult CF patients.

LCI (lung clearance index) ACT (airway clearance technique) HTS (hypertonic saline)


Condition Intervention
Cystic Fibrosis
Procedure: Airways clearance and Hypertonic saline inhalation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Timing of Hypertonic Saline Inhalation Relative to Airways Clearance in Cystic Fibrosis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Belfast Health and Social Care Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Lung Clearance Index [ Time Frame: 90 minutes post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 24 hour sputum volume [ Time Frame: 24 hours post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • spirometry (FEV1% predicted; FEF25-75% [Forced expiratory flow 25-75] predicted) [ Time Frame: 90 minutes post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 34
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: ACTs after HTS inhalation:
Patients will take a bronchodilator (Salbutamol, 2 puffs) wait 15 minutes, and then take a single inhalation (4 mls) of 7% HTS (Nebusal™) via updraft nebulizer (Portex) (approximately 20 minutes) immediately followed by an airways clearance session of 10 supervised cycles of Active Cycle of Breathing Technique (ACBT) using the acapella® (approximately 20 minutes).
Procedure: Airways clearance and Hypertonic saline inhalation
Active Comparator: ACTs during HTS inhalation
Patients take a bronchodilator (Salbutamol, 2 puffs), wait 15 minutes, and then take a single inhalation (4mls) of 7% HTS (Nebusal™) through the acapella® duet (with portex updraft nebulizer attached) device. During inhalation, an airways clearance session of 10 supervised cycles of ACBT using the acapella® will be carried out (approximately 20 minutes).
Procedure: Airways clearance and Hypertonic saline inhalation

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female patients with a documented diagnosis of CF aged ≥18 years.
  2. Written informed consent.
  3. At least day 10 - 14 of IV antibiotic therapy during a hospital admission for a pulmonary exacerbation.
  4. Patients must be able to perform acceptable spirometric manoeuvres, according to the American Thoracic Society/ERS (ATS/ERS) standards (Miller, Hankinson et. al. 2005).
  5. Patient with an FEV1% predicted of ≥ 40%predicted (Stanojevic, Wade et al. 2008).
  6. Patients who are productive of sputum from screening visit to study visit 1 (≥10g over 24 hours).
  7. Patients who have been prescribed HTS (Nebusal 7%) and have successfully completed a challenge test.
  8. Any other chronic medication must have commenced therapy 4 weeks prior to screening and be willing to continue this therapy for the entire duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Day 1-9 of IV antibiotic therapy during a hospital admission.
  2. Patients who are colonized with Burkholderia cepacia complex.
  3. Patient who are HTS naive.
  4. Patients who have an intolerance to HTS.
  5. Patients who are currently participating in another study or have participated in another study with an investigational drug within one month of screening.
  6. Clinically significant disease or medical condition other than CF or CF-related conditions that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or the quality of the data.

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  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01753869

Contacts
Contact: Katherine O'Neill, B.Sc (Hons) 02890972082 k.oneill@qub.ac.uk

Locations
United Kingdom
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast City Hospital Recruiting
Belfast, United Kingdom, BT9 7JL
Contact: Judy M Bradley, PhD       jm.bradley@ulster.ac.uk   
Principal Investigator: Judy M Bradley, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Belfast Health and Social Care Trust
Queen's University, Belfast
University of Ulster
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Judy M Bradley, PhD University of Ulster
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Katherine O'Neill, PhD researcher on behalf of PI: Prof Judy Bradley, Queen's University, Belfast
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01753869     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12025JB-AS
Study First Received: December 13, 2012
Last Updated: August 9, 2014
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Research Ethics Committee

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014