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Tivantinib and Bevacizumab in Treating Patients With Solid Tumors That Are Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed By Surgery

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: December 11, 2012
Last updated: November 25, 2014
Last verified: July 2014

This phase I trial studies the side effects of and best dose of tivantinib when given together with bevacizumab in treating patients with solid tumors that have spread to other areas of the body or cannot be removed by surgery. Tivantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of cancer by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving tivantinib together with bevacizumab may be more effective in treating tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Adult Solid Neoplasm
Biological: Bevacizumab
Drug: Tivantinib
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Tivantinib Plus Bevacizumab

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • RP2D of the combination of tivantinib and bevacizumab, defined as the dose level at which the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) rate is closest to 1/6 graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of adverse events graded according to NCI CTCAE v4.0 that are possibly, probably, or definitely related to treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The maximum grade of toxicity for each category of interest will be recorded for each patient and the summary results will be tabulated by category and grade. All DLTs and other serious (grade 3 or greater) toxicity events on a patient-by-patient basis will be described; descriptions will include dose level and any relevant baseline data. Statistics on the number of cycles received by patients and any dose reductions will be tabulated. Toxicity profile for CYP2C19 mutant carriers will be summarized and compared to non-carriers by exact tests when sample size permits.

  • Clinical response rate as evaluated by RECIST [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks after completion of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The clinical response rate will be calculated and corresponding 95% exact confidence interval will be provided. The percent changes in tumor sized from the baseline will be presented by the waterfall plot.

  • Pharmacokinetics (PK) of tivantinib when administered in combination with bevacizumab [ Time Frame: At days 1, 2, and 15 of course 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PK outcomes for CYP2C19 mutant carriers will be summarized and compared to non-carriers by exact tests when sample size permits.

  • Change in HGF, HGFA, VEGF, and PIGF in plasma by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to day 15 of course 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma before and after the treatment will be measured and compared by Wilcoxon signed rank test.

  • Change in MET, FAK, AKT, STAT3 in skin tissue by immunohistochemistry [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to day 15 of course 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Skin biomarkers before and after the treatment will be measured and compared by Wilcoxon signed rank test.

Estimated Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (bevacizumab, tivantinib)
Patients receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days -15, 1, and 15 (day -15 of course 1 only) and tivantinib PO BID on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Biological: Bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Avastin
  • rhuMab-VEGF
Drug: Tivantinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ARQ 197
  • ARQ-197
  • c-Met Inhibitor ARQ 197
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) monoclonal antibody, bevacizumab in combination with the allosteric met proto-oncogene (MET) inhibitor, tivantinib, in patients with advanced solid tumors.


I. Describe the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and other toxicities associated with bevacizumab in combination with tivantinib as assessed by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version (v) 4.0.

II. Document anti-tumor activity of bevacizumab in combination with tivantinib in patients with advanced solid tumors.

III. Determine the pharmacokinetics of tivantinib when administered in combination with bevacizumab in patients with advanced solid tumors.

IV. Perform cytochrome P450 family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 19 (CYP2C19) genotyping on all subjects and correlate with pharmacokinetics and toxicity.

V. Assess the effect of bevacizumab plus tivantinib on plasma components of the hepatocellular growth factor (HGF)-MET signaling pathway (HGF, HGF activator [HGFA]) and VEGF signaling pathway (VEGF A, B, C, D and placental growth factor [PIGF]).

VI. Assess tissue (tumor and skin) protein biomarkers before and after study treatment including MET, phospho-MET^tyrosine (Tyr)1349 and phosphor-focal adhesion kinase (FAK)^Tyr861.

VII. Assess early therapy response by quantitative biomarker imaging fludeoxyglucose F 18 (F-18 FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic imaging resonance (MRI) on a smaller sample (n up to 15) of subjects willing to participate in the imaging assessment through UPCI 12-096.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of tivantinib.

Patients receive bevacizumab intravenously (IV) over 30-90 minutes on days -15, 1, and 15 (day -15 of course 1 only) and tivantinib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed solid tumor malignancy (excluding squamous cell carcinoma of lung) that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative or palliative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Patients must have measurable or evaluable disease by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (version 1.1)
  • Current diagnosis of type II diabetes mellitus is eligible as long as patient glucose levels are well-controlled (fasting =< 150mg/dL) with anti-diabetic medication
  • Patients must be able to swallow pills and no significant impairment in gastrointestinal absorption
  • There are no restrictions on prior therapy:

    • Prior bevacizumab is allowed
    • Prior therapy with inhibitors of MET or HGF is allowed
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status must be =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy must be greater than 3 months
  • Hemoglobin >= 9.0 g/dL
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Serum or plasma creatinine =< 1.5 X institutional ULN OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min for patients with creatinine levels > 1.5 X institutional ULN
  • Urine protein =< +1 on spot urinalysis/urine dipstick; if urine dipstick > +1, a 24-hour urine for protein must be =< 1 G/24 hour (hr)
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of tivantinib administration
  • Negative urine or serum pregnancy test within 7 days of start of protocol therapy (for female patients who have not undergone bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy)
  • Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients must have available archival tumor tissue (formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded) for submission of blocks or unstained slides

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to start of study drugs or those who have adverse events not resolved to a grade 1 or neuropathy not resolved to =< grade 2 due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Major hemorrhagic or thrombotic event within 3 months of start of protocol therapy
  • Major surgery within 6 weeks or non-healing wounds
  • Patients who have received kinase inhibitor therapy within 2 weeks of start of protocol therapy
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Known central nervous system (CNS) disease except for treated brain metastasis; treated brain metastases are defined as having no ongoing requirement for steroids and no evidence of progression or hemorrhage after treatment for at least 3 months, as ascertained by clinical examination and brain imaging (magnetic resonance imaging [MRI] or computed tomography [CT]); (stable dose of non-enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants are allowed); treatment for brain metastases may include whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT), radiosurgery (RS; Gamma Knife, linear accelerator [LINAC], or equivalent) or a combination as deemed appropriate by the treating physician; patients with CNS metastases treated by neurosurgical resection or brain biopsy performed within 3 months prior to day 1 will be excluded
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to tivantinib or bevacizumab, or to Chinese hamster ovary cells
  • Tivantinib is metabolized by CYP2C19, and to a lesser extent CYP3A4; the metabolism and consequently overall pharmacokinetics of tivantinib could be altered by inhibitors and/or inducers or other substrates of CYP2C19 and CYP3A4; while inhibitors/inducers of these cytochrome P450 isoenzymes are not specifically excluded, investigators should be aware that tivantinib exposure may be altered by the concomitant administration of these drugs; as part of the enrollment/informed consent procedures, the patient will be counseled on the risk of interactions with other agents, and what to do if new medications need to be prescribed or if the patient is considering a new over-the-counter medicine or herbal product
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with clinically significant cardiovascular disease, including any of the following, are excluded:

    • Inadequately controlled hypertension (HTN) (systolic blood pressure [SBP] > 160 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] > 90 mmHg despite antihypertensive medication)
    • History of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) within 6 months of start of protocol therapy
    • Myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months of start of protocol therapy
    • New York Heart Association grade II or greater congestive heart failure
    • Serious and inadequately controlled cardiac arrhythmia
    • Significant vascular disease (e.g. significant aortic aneurysm, history of aortic dissection)
    • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
    • Untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) or DVT/PE which has been treated with therapeutic anticoagulation for less than 6 weeks
  • History of hemoptysis in excess of 2.5 mL (1/2 teaspoon ) within 8 weeks prior to first dose of study drug
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study, and breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with tivantinib; these potential risks may also apply to bevacizumab
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01749384

United States, Pennsylvania
Penn State Milton S Hershey Medical Center Recruiting
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
Contact: Chandra P. Belani    717-531-1078   
Principal Investigator: Chandra P. Belani         
University of Pittsburgh Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
Contact: Leonard J. Appleman    412-648-6507   
Principal Investigator: Leonard J. Appleman         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Leonard Appleman University of Pittsburgh
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT01749384     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02765, NCI-2012-02765, UPCI 12-085, 9153, U01CA099168, P30CA047904, UM1CA186690
Study First Received: December 11, 2012
Last Updated: November 25, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 27, 2014