Three Methods for Best PEEP Determination Compared With PEEP Determination Guided by Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Network

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified October 2012 by Wolfson Medical Center
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wolfson Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01742715
First received: November 27, 2012
Last updated: December 2, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

To compare the best Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) as determined by one of three commonly used clinical approaches for best PEEP determination, with PEEP guided by the ARDS network algorithm.


Condition Intervention
ARDS
Other: PEEP by Best oxygenation
Other: PEEP by Best Compliance
Other: PEEP by Esophageal pressure

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Three Methods for Best PEEP Determination Compared With PEEP Determination Guided by Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) Network, a Crossover Study.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Wolfson Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Oxygenation (defined by partial O2 pressure divided by Fractional inspired Oxygen tension or P/F ratio) [ Time Frame: 2 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    oxygenation (defined by partial O2 pressure divided by Fractional inspired Oxygen tension or P/F ratio)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Lung compliance (defined by Tidal Volume divided by Inspiratory transpulmonary pressure) [ Time Frame: 2 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Lung compliance (defined by Tidal Volume divided by Inspiratory transpulmonary pressure)


Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PEEP by Best oxygenation

Set Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) at 25 cmH2O with fixed driving pressure that will result in delivery of a fixed Tidal Volume (TV) of 6ml/kg Ideal Body Weight (IBW). fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) is set to 60%.

Then decrease PEEP in steps of 4 cmH2O every 10 min until PEEP of 5 cm H2O is reached. In each step static compliance of respiratory system and lung compliance will be measured along with arterial blood gas (ABGs), and hemodynamic parameters such as cardiac output and mixed venous O2 saturation. Best or optimal PEEP will be defined as the PEEP below which PaO2 /FIO2 falls by at least 20%. If at least 20% Partial Oxygen tension (PaO2) PaO2 /FIO2 decrement is not obtained, then PEEP that will result in the highest PaO2 will be selected.

Other: PEEP by Best oxygenation

Set PEEP at 25 cmH2O with fixed driving pressure that will result in delivery of a fixed Tidal Volume (TV) of 6ml/kg (IBW). FiO2 is set to 60%.

Then decrease PEEP in steps of 4 cmH2O every 10 min until PEEP of 5 cm H2O is reached. In each step static compliance of respiratory system and lung compliance will be measured along with ABGs, and hemodynamic parameters such as cardiac output and mixed venous O2 saturation. Best or optimal PEEP will be defined as the PEEP below which PaO2 /FIO2 falls by at least 20%. If at least 20% PaO2 /FIO2 decrement is not obtained, then PEEP that will result in the highest PaO2 will be selected.

Other Name: PEEP determined by Best oxygenation approach.
Other: PEEP by Best Compliance

In this group assessment begins with measuring intrinsic PEEP by an expiratory hold. Thereafter, plateau pressures will be recorded after a 0.5-sec inspiratory pause.

Applied PEEP will be increased by steps of 4 cm H2O, after each incremental step the patient will be observed for 10 minutes to allow for lung unit recruitment and equilibration. Plateau pressure will be measured after each incremental step of PEEP. Applied PEEP will be increased sequentially by 4 cm H2O increments until peak inspiratory pressure of 50 cm H2O, or plateau pressure of 40 cm H2O reached, or hypotension or decrease of 20% in cardiac output is observed.

Other Name: PEEP by Best Compliance
Other: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Upon patient recruitment Esophageal balloon will be inserted and esophageal / pleural pressure will be measured. Thereafter, Inspiratory pressures and PEEP will be adjusted according to well established criteria. Inspiratory pressure and PEEP will be adjusted to achieve the best lung compliance possible while not exceeding transpulmonary end Inspiratory pressure of 25 to 30 cm H2O, and at the same time maintaining a positive transpulmonary end expiratory pressure of not more than 5 cm H2O.
Other Name: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Experimental: PEEP by Best Compliance

In this group assessment begins with measuring intrinsic PEEP by an expiratory hold. Thereafter, plateau pressures will be recorded after a 0.5-sec inspiratory pause.

Applied PEEP will be increased by steps of 4 cm H2O, after each incremental step the patient will be observed for 10 minutes to allow for lung unit recruitment and equilibration. Plateau pressure will be measured after each incremental step of PEEP. Applied PEEP will be increased sequentially by 4 cm H2O increments until peak inspiratory pressure of 50 cm H2O, or plateau pressure of 40 cm H2O reached, or hypotension or decrease of 20% in cardiac output is observed.

Other: PEEP by Best oxygenation

Set PEEP at 25 cmH2O with fixed driving pressure that will result in delivery of a fixed Tidal Volume (TV) of 6ml/kg (IBW). FiO2 is set to 60%.

Then decrease PEEP in steps of 4 cmH2O every 10 min until PEEP of 5 cm H2O is reached. In each step static compliance of respiratory system and lung compliance will be measured along with ABGs, and hemodynamic parameters such as cardiac output and mixed venous O2 saturation. Best or optimal PEEP will be defined as the PEEP below which PaO2 /FIO2 falls by at least 20%. If at least 20% PaO2 /FIO2 decrement is not obtained, then PEEP that will result in the highest PaO2 will be selected.

Other Name: PEEP determined by Best oxygenation approach.
Other: PEEP by Best Compliance

In this group assessment begins with measuring intrinsic PEEP by an expiratory hold. Thereafter, plateau pressures will be recorded after a 0.5-sec inspiratory pause.

Applied PEEP will be increased by steps of 4 cm H2O, after each incremental step the patient will be observed for 10 minutes to allow for lung unit recruitment and equilibration. Plateau pressure will be measured after each incremental step of PEEP. Applied PEEP will be increased sequentially by 4 cm H2O increments until peak inspiratory pressure of 50 cm H2O, or plateau pressure of 40 cm H2O reached, or hypotension or decrease of 20% in cardiac output is observed.

Other Name: PEEP by Best Compliance
Other: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Upon patient recruitment Esophageal balloon will be inserted and esophageal / pleural pressure will be measured. Thereafter, Inspiratory pressures and PEEP will be adjusted according to well established criteria. Inspiratory pressure and PEEP will be adjusted to achieve the best lung compliance possible while not exceeding transpulmonary end Inspiratory pressure of 25 to 30 cm H2O, and at the same time maintaining a positive transpulmonary end expiratory pressure of not more than 5 cm H2O.
Other Name: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Experimental: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Upon patient recruitment Esophageal balloon will be inserted and esophageal / pleural pressure will be measured. Thereafter, Inspiratory pressures and PEEP will be adjusted according to well established criteria. Inspiratory pressure and PEEP will be adjusted to achieve the best lung compliance possible while not exceeding transpulmonary end Inspiratory pressure of 25 to 30 cm H2O, and at the same time maintaining a positive transpulmonary end expiratory pressure of not more than 5 cm H2O.
Other: PEEP by Best oxygenation

Set PEEP at 25 cmH2O with fixed driving pressure that will result in delivery of a fixed Tidal Volume (TV) of 6ml/kg (IBW). FiO2 is set to 60%.

Then decrease PEEP in steps of 4 cmH2O every 10 min until PEEP of 5 cm H2O is reached. In each step static compliance of respiratory system and lung compliance will be measured along with ABGs, and hemodynamic parameters such as cardiac output and mixed venous O2 saturation. Best or optimal PEEP will be defined as the PEEP below which PaO2 /FIO2 falls by at least 20%. If at least 20% PaO2 /FIO2 decrement is not obtained, then PEEP that will result in the highest PaO2 will be selected.

Other Name: PEEP determined by Best oxygenation approach.
Other: PEEP by Best Compliance

In this group assessment begins with measuring intrinsic PEEP by an expiratory hold. Thereafter, plateau pressures will be recorded after a 0.5-sec inspiratory pause.

Applied PEEP will be increased by steps of 4 cm H2O, after each incremental step the patient will be observed for 10 minutes to allow for lung unit recruitment and equilibration. Plateau pressure will be measured after each incremental step of PEEP. Applied PEEP will be increased sequentially by 4 cm H2O increments until peak inspiratory pressure of 50 cm H2O, or plateau pressure of 40 cm H2O reached, or hypotension or decrease of 20% in cardiac output is observed.

Other Name: PEEP by Best Compliance
Other: PEEP by Esophageal pressure
Upon patient recruitment Esophageal balloon will be inserted and esophageal / pleural pressure will be measured. Thereafter, Inspiratory pressures and PEEP will be adjusted according to well established criteria. Inspiratory pressure and PEEP will be adjusted to achieve the best lung compliance possible while not exceeding transpulmonary end Inspiratory pressure of 25 to 30 cm H2O, and at the same time maintaining a positive transpulmonary end expiratory pressure of not more than 5 cm H2O.
Other Name: PEEP by Esophageal pressure

Detailed Description:

The determination of optimal level of Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory pressure remains elusive and controversial.

Several approaches with different algorithms exist. Among them, Low PEEP algorithm approach and High PEEP algorithm approach. These approaches are characterized by a generalized application of certain level of PEEP according to a predefined algorithm. However, these algorithms fail to account for inter-individual variations between patients with different diseases and with different severities of the same underlying process. Therefore, we advocate for an individualized application of PEEP. Whereby, PEEP will be determined individually for each patient based on familiar and well established physiological parameters.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

20 Man and women older than 18 years will be recruited. Patients with acute respiratory failure of any cause who are mechanically ventilated according to the ARDS network recommendations will be considered for inclusion to the study.

To be included in the study a prerequisite of high peak Inspiratory pressure (plateau pressure of 25 to 30 cmH2O) has to be present, and at least one of the following four severity inclusion criteria has to be met.

1 - Low Total Respiratory system compliance (CT), defined as less than 50ml/cmH2O. 2 - PaO2 /FIO2 ratio of less than 300. 3 - Need for a PEEP greater than 10 cmH2O to maintain arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) of > 90%.

4 - carbon dioxide partial pressure (PCO2) over 60 mmHg, or PH less than 7.2 that is attributed to respiratory acidosis.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients with any of the following will be excluded from the study. Previous lung or chest wall surgery, previous esophageal surgery, known Achalasia or any other esophageal motility or spasm disorder, presence of chest thoracostomy tube, and any significant chest wall abnormality such as kyphoscoliosis.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01742715

Locations
Israel
E. Wolfson MC Not yet recruiting
Holon, Israel, 58100
Contact: Arie Soroksky, M.D.    972-3-5028770    soroksky@gmail.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wolfson Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Arie Soroksky, M.D. Wolfson MC
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Wolfson Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01742715     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0156-12-WOMC
Study First Received: November 27, 2012
Last Updated: December 2, 2012
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Wolfson Medical Center:
ARDS
Lung compliance

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
Acute Lung Injury
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiration Disorders
Infant, Premature, Diseases
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Injury

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014