New DIETs: New Dietary Interventions Enhancing the Treatment for Weight Loss

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01742572
First received: November 27, 2012
Last updated: September 18, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

Several studies have shown differences in health-related outcomes by dietary pattern. These patterns have included those participants following vegan (no meat, poultry, fish, dairy, or eggs), vegetarian (no meat, poultry, or fish), pesco- vegetarian (no meat or poultry), semi-vegetarian (red meat and poultry ≥ 1 time/month and < 1 time/week), or omnivorous diets. These studies have shown that of these dietary patterns, vegans have the lowest BMIs, lowest prevalence of Type 2 diabetes, and lowest amount of weight gain over 5 years. In addition, vegetarians have significantly better metabolic risk factors as compared to non-vegetarians. While these initial observational studies have shown benefits to consuming more plant-based diets, there have been no randomized trials examining the differences in health outcomes among these dietary patterns. To begin exploring this research area, the investigators will conduct a pilot study which will randomize participants to one of the 5 dietary approaches. Participants (n=75) in the NEW DIETs Study will be recruited to follow their randomly assigned diet for 8 weeks and attend weekly sessions to learn about nutrition and cooking.


Condition Intervention Phase
Overweight
Obesity
Behavioral: Diet
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NEW Dietary Interventions to Enhance the Treatments for Weight Loss (NEW DIETs for Weight Loss Study)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of South Carolina:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Weight Loss [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Dietary Intake [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Changes in dietary intake will be measured using 2 days of 24-hour dietary recalls


Enrollment: 63
Study Start Date: November 2012
Study Completion Date: August 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vegan
A vegan diet is one that does not contain any animal products (no meat, fish, poultry, eggs, or dairy) but emphasizes plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes/beans. We will also ask you to keep foods low in fat and low in glycemic index.
Behavioral: Diet
Change in dietary intake
Experimental: Vegetarian
A vegetarian diet is one that does not contain meat, fish, or poultry but does contain eggs and dairy, in addition to plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes/beans. We will also ask you to keep foods low in fat and low in glycemic index.
Behavioral: Diet
Change in dietary intake
Experimental: Pesco-Vegetarian
A pesco-vegetarian diet is one that does not contain meat or poultry but does contain fish and shellfish, eggs, and dairy, in addition to plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes/beans. We will also ask you to keep foods low in fat and low in glycemic index.
Behavioral: Diet
Change in dietary intake
Experimental: Semi-Vegetarian
A semi-vegetarian diet is one that contains all foods, including meat, poultry, fish and shellfish, eggs, and dairy, in addition to plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes/beans. However, red meat is limited to one time per week and poultry is limited to 5 times per week or less. We will also ask you to keep foods low in fat and low in glycemic index.
Behavioral: Diet
Change in dietary intake
Active Comparator: Omnivorous
An omnivorous diet contains all food groups. However, as part of this study, we will ask participants in this group to keep foods low in fat and low in glycemic index. Participants in this group will not need to attend weekly meetings but will receive information via e-mail each week.
Behavioral: Diet
Change in dietary intake

Detailed Description:

This study involves five groups. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of these groups. All groups will receive information on a dietary approach aimed at losing weight. All groups will be asked to favor foods that are low fat and have a low glycemic index, which means they will be asked to favor foods that don't cause a quick rise in blood sugar (for example, choosing oatmeal over cornflakes for breakfast). All groups will also be asked to take a vitamin B-12 supplement each day of their choosing (can be a multivitamin).

Participants who are eligible on the online screener will be contacted by phone to complete a few additional screening questions and invited to an orientation meeting.

Below are the steps in the study:

  • If participants are accepted into the study, participants will come to the study site (USC Public Health Research Center) to learn more about the study, have their weight and height measured, learn how to complete questionnaires online, and complete their consent form. This meeting will last approximately 1.5 hours.
  • Participants will then complete some questionnaires that measure their diet and physical activity levels on a computer at home or other location where participants have computer/internet access. We will also ask participants to keep all their grocery and restaurant receipts during this time to bring back with participants to the next meeting.
  • Participants will come back for a meeting to have their weight measured again and participants will find out their diet group assignment. Participants will receive a 1.25 hour overview of the diet participants have been assigned to and be provided with materials on this diet.
  • If participants are assigned to the vegan, vegetarians, pesco-, or semi-vegetarian diets, they will complete the following over the 8-week study:

    1. Participants will attend weekly meetings over 8 weeks.
    2. We will obtain their weight and collect online questionnaires at weeks 4 and 8.
    3. During the 8-week study, we will ask participants to complete an online weekly questionnaire which will assess if participants are following the diet and their weight. This will take approximately 5 minutes to complete.
  • If participants are assigned to the omnivorous diet, they will only come in for meetings at baseline, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks.

    1. We will obtain their weight and collect online questionnaires at weeks 4 and 8.
    2. Participants will receive e-mailed lessons of their diet plan each week.
    3. During the 8-week study, we will ask participants to complete an online weekly questionnaire which will assess if participants are following the diet, and their weight. This will take approximately 5 minutes to complete.
    4. At week 8, participants will also be provided with information about the other 4 diets in case participants would like to try these dietary patterns after the study.
  • All diet groups will be asked to collect and turn in all grocery store and restaurant receipts for 2 weeks prior to the start of the intervention and for the 8 weeks during the study.
  • At study completion (8 weeks), participants will receive an incentive for participating ($20).
  • Participants in all groups will be asked to take a daily multivitamin (or other reliable source of vitamin B-12) over the course of the study. You are responsible for choosing and purchasing this.
  • During the study, we will ask you to keep your physical activity levels constant (keep your levels the same as what you were doing at study entry).
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • be between the ages of 18-65
  • have access to a computer with Internet capabilities
  • be overweight (Body Mass Index of 25-49.9)
  • be able to attend weekly evening meetings at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, SC (up to 8 total) starting late January 2013.

Exclusion Criteria: Participants will be ineligible to participate if they:

  • have a Body Mass Index less than 25 or greater than 49.9 kg/m2
  • are currently pregnant
  • are younger than 18 or older than 65 years of age
  • are unable to attend weekly meetings for 8 weeks
  • don't have access to the Internet and a computer
  • don't have access to a scale for self-monitoring weight
  • aren't willing to be randomized to one of five dietary groups
  • have a psychiatric disease, drug or alcohol dependency, or uncontrolled thyroid condition
  • have a major health condition, such as heart conditions, diabetes, and past incidence of stroke
  • have an eating disorder (participants will be screened using the Eating Attitudes Test screener—participants who do not pass this screener will be asked to contact their physician)
  • currently participating in a weight loss program or taking weight loss medications
  • currently following a vegan, vegetarian, or pesco-vegetarian diet
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01742572

Locations
United States, South Carolina
University of South Carolina
Columbia, South Carolina, United States, 29208
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of South Carolina
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Brie Turner-McGrievy, PhD, MS, RD University of South Carolina
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of South Carolina
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01742572     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00021116
Study First Received: November 27, 2012
Last Updated: September 18, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of South Carolina:
weight loss
obesity
overweight
diet

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Weight Loss
Overweight
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Body Weight Changes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014