The Effect of Meditation and Massage Therapy for Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Tissue Reconstruction
In this study we propose to explore the efficacy of massage therapy combined with meditation in women recovering from tissue reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer. Patients will be randomized into 2 groups. The first group will consist of massage therapy on 3 consecutive days starting on the 1st day after surgery. The second group will consist of massage therapy combined with meditation for 3 consecutive days starting on the 1st day after surgery. The effect of massage and massage combined with meditation on stress, anxiety, relaxation, insomnia, alertness, fatigue, tension/muscular discomfort, pain, mood and energy level will be evaluated by using three different surveys.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effect of Meditation and Massage Therapy for Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Autologous Tissue Reconstruction - A Pilot Study|
- Assess the effect of massage therapy on pain and stress related symptoms after breast reconstruction surgery compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: 3 Days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Assess the effect of massage therapy combined with meditation on pain and stress related symptoms after breast reconstruction surgery compared to baseline. [ Time Frame: 3 Days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Massage
Daily massage for 20 minutes the first 3 days following surgery.
Patients will receive a daily 20 minute massage in their hospital room on the first 3 days following surgery.
Other Name: Massage
Active Comparator: Massage combined with meditation
Daily massage for 20 minutes combined with meditation the first 3 days following surgery.
Procedure: Massage combined with meditation
Patients will receive a daily 20 minute massage combined with meditation in their hospital room on the first 3 days following surgery.
Besides skin cancer breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women. Most women with breast cancer will undergo some kind of breast cancer surgery. For women undergoing a mastectomy, breast reconstruction offers significant quality of life benefits and is a vital option to enhance breast cancer recovery. There are two general types of reconstructive options:
- Prosthetic devices (saline implants, silicone implants, tissue expanders)
- Autologous tissue reconstructions with tissue flaps that are transferred from adjoining or distant donor sites to the anterior chest wall.
When reconstruction of the breast mound is accomplished using the patient's own tissues, the result is typically more natural in both appearance and feel than with expander/implant reconstruction. However the disadvantages of autologous reconstruction include longer surgical procedures and prolonged recovery time as compared to prosthetic reconstruction. Postoperative pain, anxiety, fatigue are among the challenges facing patients undergoing breast cancer surgery and especially patients who decided to undergo these complicated plastic surgical procedures. Massage therapy has been used successfully to target common postoperative symptoms such as pain, anxiety, tension and fatigue in breast cancer patients.
Meditation has been shown to be helpful in achieving healing and relaxation through purposeful contemplation and reflection.
In this study we propose to explore the effectiveness of massage therapy combined with meditation in breast cancer patients recovering from autologous tissue reconstruction with the hope that the combination will augment the benefit obtained by massage therapy alone.