Improving Motorcycle Taxi Driver Visibility in Tanzania

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01733537
First received: November 21, 2012
Last updated: August 6, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine whether providing motorcycle taxi drivers with a free reflective fluorescent vest will result in increased use of reflective or fluorescent clothing compared to education about wearing reflective or fluorescent clothing alone.


Condition Intervention
Accidents, Traffic
Other: Free reflective, fluorescent vest
Behavioral: Education

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Improving Motorcycle Taxi Driver Visibility in Tanzania—A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Use of reflective or fluorescent clothing [ Time Frame: 3-5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The use of reflective or fluorescent clothing will be compared between the intervention and control groups over the observation period


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Wearing White Helmet [ Time Frame: 3-5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The use of white helmets will be compared between the intervention and control groups over the observation period

  • Daytime Running Headlights [ Time Frame: 3-5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The use of daytime running headlights will be compared between the intervention and control groups over the observation period


Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: February 2013
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vest and Education
Motorcycle Taxi Drivers provided with a reflective, fluorescent vest and basic education about recommended measures to increase their visibility
Other: Free reflective, fluorescent vest
Motorcycle taxi drivers in the intervention arm will receive a free reflective, fluorescent vest
Behavioral: Education
Both arms will receive brief, basic education about recommended measures to increase their visibility
Education Alone
Motorcycle Taxi Drivers provided with basic education about recommended measures to increase their visibility
Behavioral: Education
Both arms will receive brief, basic education about recommended measures to increase their visibility

Detailed Description:

Road traffic injuries are the 4th leading cause of death among individuals in the economically productive age group (age 15 to 59) in low and middle income countries. The Africa region currently has some of the world's highest traffic injury rates, with vulnerable road users, including motorcycle riders, bearing a disproportionate share of the injury burden.

Motorcycles are a rapidly growing form of transport in Africa, both for personal and commercial transportation. Conspicuity measures—factors that increase a motorcycle rider's visibility—for the prevention of motorcycle crash have been previously studied and found to be associated with a decreased risk of crash.

Motorcycle taxi drivers are a particularly high risk population for motorcycle crash as they operate a motorcycle for several hours a day. Reflective, fluorescent safety vests are a common article worn by motorcycle drivers in some locations; however, penetration of such clothing in Moshi is currently low. This study aims to increase use of reflective vests among commercial motorcycle drivers. We will test whether provision of a free reflective, fluorescent vest increases use of reflective, fluorescent clothing compared to education about wearing reflective, fluorescent clothing alone.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • motorcycle riders who identify themselves as motorcycle taxi drivers
  • individuals must work at least 2 days a week as a motorcycle taxi driver
  • have a telephone number for ride solicitation
  • have a license plate that is able to be recorded
  • are at least 18 years old
  • are willing to have us contact them in the future for repeat surveys

Exclusion Criteria:

  • motorcycle riders who do not meet the above criteria
  • motorcycle riders who do not consent to participate
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01733537

Locations
Tanzania
Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania
Sponsors and Collaborators
Duke University
Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Tanzania
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nathan M Thielman, MD, MPH Duke University
Study Director: Steven A Sumner, MD Duke University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Duke University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01733537     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00034415, 1R25TW009337-01
Study First Received: November 21, 2012
Last Updated: August 6, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board
Tanzania: National Institute for Medical Research

Keywords provided by Duke University:
traffic accidents, motorcycle, injury, conspicuity

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014