Imaging Lung Function Using Oxygen Enhanced MRI

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hal C Charles, Duke University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01731015
First received: November 16, 2012
Last updated: August 20, 2014
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

The goal of this study is to perform a pilot study to evaluate the utilization of oxygen as an inhaled contrast agent to image the airway spaces in normal and diseased human lungs to allow an effect size estimate to power future studies.


Condition Intervention Phase
COPD
Asthma
Cystic Fibrosis
Emphysema
Small Airways Disease
Drug: Medical Grade Oxygen
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Pilot Study for Evaluation of Regional Lung Function in Normal Subjects and Subjects With Airway and Lung Disorders Using 1H Magnetic Resonance Imaging With Oxygen as a Contrast Agent

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Duke University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Image Quality [ Time Frame: one exposure ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessment of image quality of oxygen enhanced MR images: Signal to Noise Ratio, Dynamic Range of Ratio/Difference Images


Enrollment: 15
Study Start Date: January 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Normal Subject
Each subject will receive oxygen as a contrast agent to visualize the airway and alveolar spaces in their lungs using magnetic resonance imaging of inert gas/oxygen mixtures. The subjects will receive the gas by breathing room air interleaved with oxygen using a standard Douglas Bag system. No additional drug products, investigational or otherwise will be provided in this study.
Drug: Medical Grade Oxygen
At the study visits, MRI 'studies' will be performed using the same MR scanner (a 3.0-Tesla (T) TRIO MRI system (Siemens Medical Systems)). Lung morphology and function will be acquired using conventional 1H MRI followed by 1H MRI with oxygen as a gaseous contrast agent. For both series the subject will lie down in a supine position on the magnet bed with a standard 1H Torso coil for imaging. Subjects are scanned on room air and then the subjects are switched from room air to 100% oxygen and exhaled O2/CO2 are monitored (Oxigraf Capnograph) until steady state is achieved (in our experience ~ 1-2 minutes). The 100% oxygen MRI imaging is commenced (the average exposure time is usually 5-6 minutes with a maximum exposure of 15 minutes) after which the subjects are switched to room air. After steady state is achieved a second room air scan is completed.
Other Name: oxygen
Experimental: Subjects with Lung/or Airway Disease
Each subject will receive oxygen as a contrast agent to visualize the airway and alveolar spaces in their lungs using magnetic resonance imaging of inert gas/oxygen mixtures. The subjects will receive the gas by breathing room air interleaved with oxygen using a standard Douglas Bag system. No additional drug products, investigational or otherwise will be provided in this study.
Drug: Medical Grade Oxygen
At the study visits, MRI 'studies' will be performed using the same MR scanner (a 3.0-Tesla (T) TRIO MRI system (Siemens Medical Systems)). Lung morphology and function will be acquired using conventional 1H MRI followed by 1H MRI with oxygen as a gaseous contrast agent. For both series the subject will lie down in a supine position on the magnet bed with a standard 1H Torso coil for imaging. Subjects are scanned on room air and then the subjects are switched from room air to 100% oxygen and exhaled O2/CO2 are monitored (Oxigraf Capnograph) until steady state is achieved (in our experience ~ 1-2 minutes). The 100% oxygen MRI imaging is commenced (the average exposure time is usually 5-6 minutes with a maximum exposure of 15 minutes) after which the subjects are switched to room air. After steady state is achieved a second room air scan is completed.
Other Name: oxygen

Detailed Description:

This is an open label study expanding on work by other groups in animals, ex-vivo human lungs and human subjects. Both 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional images will be obtained using 1H MRI comparing images obtained while breathing oxygen to those obtained breathing room air.

Objectives

  • To determine if 1H magnetic resonance images of the human lung and airways can be obtained in both single breath-hold and gated breathing imaging studies with adequate signal level and image contrast to extract regional lung functional information with oxygen as a contrast agent.
  • To determine the short term reproducibility of the lung functional imaging in a subset of subjects (5 control subjects and 5 subjects with lung disease) with repeat MRI studies (Visit 2) at a time point ≥ 1 week to ≤ 4 weeks from Visit 1
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for Lung and/or Airway Disease

  • Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the trial:

    1. Subjects must be ≥ 18 years of age;
    2. Evidence of lung disease or injury by medical history, physical exam, and/or clinical laboratories;

      • COPD
      • Asthma
      • Pre/Post Lung Transplant
      • Cystic Fibrosis
      • Emphysema/Other Small Airways Diseases
      • Lung Transplant
    3. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial.
    4. Subjects who are willing and able to comply with scheduled visits and other trial procedures.

Exclusion Criteria for Subjects with Lung and/or Airway Disease:

Subjects presenting with any of the following will not be included in the trial:

  1. Unable to undergo a 3.0-Tesla MRI exam of the lungs and chest because of contraindications (e.g. metal in the eye, claustrophobia);
  2. Unable to receive 100% oxygen by breathing because of potential hypercapnia ( SpO2 <90% or FEV1 < 1 L);
  3. Participation in a clinical trial with a study drug that may impact lung function in the past 14 days; or
  4. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation or may interfere with the interpretation of trial results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this trial. This determination is made by the referring physician based on standard clinical practice.
  5. Female; women of childbearing potential must have a confirmed negative urine pregnancy test on the day of the MR scan, prior to the MRI scan.

Inclusion Criteria for Normal Subjects Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be eligible for enrollment into the trial:

  1. Subjects must be ≥ 18 years of age;
  2. Non-smokers, ex-smokers with normal pulmonary function test by spirometry;
  3. No Evidence of prior lung disease or lung injury by medical history, physical exam, and/or clinical laboratories;
  4. Evidence of a personally signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the subject has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial.
  5. Subjects who are willing and able to comply with scheduled visits and other trial procedures.

Exclusion Criteria for Normal Subjects

Subjects presenting with any of the following will not be included in the trial:

  1. Unable to undergo a 3.0-Tesla MRI exam of the lungs and chest because of contraindications (e.g. metal in the eye, claustrophobia);
  2. Unable to receive 100% oxygen by breathing because of potential hypercapnia (SpO2 <90% or FEV1 < 1 L) (Note, we consider this highly unlikely in a 'normal' subject);
  3. Participation in a clinical trial with a study drug that may impact lung function in the past 14 days; or
  4. Other severe acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition or laboratory abnormality that may increase the risk associated with trial participation or may interfere with the interpretation of trial results and, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the subject inappropriate for entry into this trial.
  5. Female; women of childbearing potential must have a confirmed negative urine pregnancy test on the day of the MR scan, prior to the MRI scan.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01731015

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hal C Charles
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Cecil Charles, PhD Duke University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Hal C Charles, Associate Professor Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01731015     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00024828, DIAL1001002
Study First Received: November 16, 2012
Last Updated: August 20, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cystic Fibrosis
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Digestive System Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pancreatic Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Contrast Media
Diagnostic Uses of Chemicals
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014