Effect of Different Plasma Insulin Levels on the Accuracy of Continuous Subcutaneous Glucose Monitoring

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Universitat Politècnica de Valéncia, through the grant DPI2010-20764-C02-01
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01714895
First received: October 24, 2012
Last updated: NA
Last verified: October 2012
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

Achieving near-normoglycaemia has been established as the main objective for most patients with diabetes. However, it is well known that intensification of treatment is associated with an increase in the frequency of hypoglycemia, especially in the context of insulin therapy. The burden of hypoglycemia in terms of psychological implications, morbidity and even mortality, explains why it has been defined as the main limiting factor to achievement of good metabolic control.

Continuous subcutaneous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices have been claimed to be useful in hypoglycemia detection/prevention, allowing theoretically for safer intensification of therapy in diabetic patients. However, accuracy of CGM devices, especially in the hypoglycemic range, raises some concerns. In fact, commercially available CGM devices estimate plasma glucose from measurements in the interstitial fluid and not in plasma. However, the relationship between plasma and interstitial glucose is not fully understood, especially under dynamic conditions, and this may explain the poor CGM performance during rapid changes in blood glucose and hypoglycemia.

In this project, the relationship between plasma and interstitial glucose will be evaluated under conditions of normal glucose concentrations and hypoglycemia. Experiments will be performed to assess the role, if any, of different plasma insulin concentrations on the accuracy of CGM.

All the information obtained may be relevant to the improvement of the ability of CGM devices to detect hypoglycemia and hypoglycemic risk.


Condition Intervention
Type 1 Diabetes
Continuous Glucose Monitoring
Hypoglycemia
Other: High insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp
Other: Low insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: New Strategies for Automated Glycaemic Control: the Issue of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Accuracy Under Hypoglycaemic Conditions

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Normalized current signal from the CGM devices [ Time Frame: 330 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    CGM devices are electrochemical sensors. Currently available sensors are placed in the subcutaneous tissue where they react with the glucose of the interstitial fluid giving a current signal (in nano Amperes), which is proportional to glucose concentrations. The current signal is then filtered and transformed into plasma glucose estimations through a calibration algorithm built into the CGM device.

    In this study we will analyze the current signal from CGM obtained under two different experimental conditions:

    1. Eu-hypoglycemic clamp with High plasma insulin concentrations
    2. Eu-hypoglycemic clamp with relatively Low plasma insulin concentrations

    This will allow for establishing the role, if any, of different plasma insulin concentrations on the accuracy of CGM to identify plasma glucose falls resulting in hypoglycaemia.

    Since CGM sensors can exhibit different sensitivities to glucose concentrations, the current signal will be normalized before statistical analysis



Enrollment: 14
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: October 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
High plasma insulin-Low plasma insulin
Seven out of the 14 subjects recruited in the study have been randomized to receive on the first study day a High insulin glucose clamp and on the second day a Low insulin glucose clamp (sequence 'AB')
Other: High insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp
Primed intravenous insulin infusion at a rate of 1mU/kg/min is given during the whole study duration. Glucose is infused at a variable rate to maintain plasma glucose concentrations 'clamped' at pre-specified levels. Plasma glucose levels will be the same in both study arms.
Other: Low insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp
Primed intravenous insulin infusion at a rate of 0.3mU/kg/min is given during the whole study duration. Glucose is infused at a variable rate to maintain plasma glucose concentrations 'clamped' at pre-specified levels. Plasma glucose levels will be the same in both study arms.
Low plasma insulin-High plasma insulin
Seven out of the 14 subjects recruited in the study have been randomized to receive on the first study day a Low insulin glucose clamp and on the second day a High insulin glucose clamp (sequence 'BA')
Other: High insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp
Primed intravenous insulin infusion at a rate of 1mU/kg/min is given during the whole study duration. Glucose is infused at a variable rate to maintain plasma glucose concentrations 'clamped' at pre-specified levels. Plasma glucose levels will be the same in both study arms.
Other: Low insulin eu-hypoglycemic clamp
Primed intravenous insulin infusion at a rate of 0.3mU/kg/min is given during the whole study duration. Glucose is infused at a variable rate to maintain plasma glucose concentrations 'clamped' at pre-specified levels. Plasma glucose levels will be the same in both study arms.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus meeting all of the following criteria will be considered for admission to the study:

    • Aged between 18 and 60 years
    • Under CSII or MDI treatment for at least six months before Visit 1
    • Body mass index of between 18 and 30 kg/m2
    • HbA1c 6.0-8.5% at Visit 1
    • Normal laboratory values, ECG, and vital signs unless the investigator considered an abnormality to be clinically irrelevant
    • Women postmenopausal or using contraception judged by the investigator to be adequate (e.g., oral contraceptives, intra-uterine device or surgical treatment)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects meeting any of the following criteria will not be included in the study:

    • Pregnancy and lactation
    • History of hypersensitivity to the study medications or to drugs with similar chemical structures
    • Confirmed hypoglycaemia unawareness
    • Progressive fatal diseases
    • History of drug or alcohol abuse
    • History of positive HIV or hepatitis B or C test
    • Impaired hepatic function, as shown by, but not limited to, SGPT or SGOT of more than twice the upper limit of the normal range at visit 1
    • Impaired renal function, as shown by, but not limited to, serum creatinine > 1.5 mg/dL at visit 1
    • Clinically relevant microvascular, cardiovascular, hepatic, neurologic, endocrine or other major systemic diseases other than T1DM which could hinder implementation of the clinical study protocol or interpretation of the study results
    • Pre-planned surgery during the study
    • Blood donation of more than 500 ml during the past three months for men, or during the past six months for women
    • Mental condition rendering the subject unable to understand the nature, scope and possible consequences of the study
    • Subject unlikely to comply with clinical study protocol, e.g., uncooperative attitude, inability to return for follow-up visits, or poor likelihood of completing the study
    • Receipt of an experimental drug or use of an experimental device during the past 30 days.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01714895

Locations
Spain
Servicio de Endocrinología y Nutrición, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia
Valencia, Spain, 46010
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia
Universitat Politècnica de Valéncia, through the grant DPI2010-20764-C02-01
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Francisco Javier Ampudia-Blasco, MD, PhD Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia - Fundación INCLIVA
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01714895     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FP7-PEOPLE-2009-IEF #252085-2, Spanish Ministry of Science
Study First Received: October 24, 2012
Last Updated: October 24, 2012
Health Authority: Spain: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Fundación para la Investigación del Hospital Clínico de Valencia:
Interstitial glucose dynamics
Accuracy of continuous glucose monitoring under hypoglycemia
Glucose clamp

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Hypoglycemia
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014