Preexpanded Perforator Flaps in Children
Contractures and broad scars of the axilla, anterior chest wall and neck have detrimental effects on functional, physical and psychological development of children. Perforator flaps have already been shown to be reliable options for the reconstruction of contractures but there have been no reports demonstrating the value of preexpanded perforator flaps of dorsolateral trunk region in treatment of extensive contractures and scars of pediatric patients. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate these techniques by a case series formed of pediatric patients with broad scars and contractures of anterior chest wall, axilla, neck and breasts. Seven pediatric patients (mean age, 11,6 years) who were treated by preexpanded perforator flaps are presented. By this means, clinical experience on intercostal artery perforator (ICAP) flap, thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap, circumflex scapular artery perforator (CSAP) flap and lumbar artery perforator flap was shared. Flaps as large as 20,5x10,5 cm in size could be successfully transferred in pediatric patients. Broad scar tissues were resurfaced with broad flaps carrying similar characteristics with the uninjured anterior chest wall and neck skin in six of our patients. In one patient with partial necrosis, full thickness skin graft was used for the residual defect. The mean duration of postoperative (after flap transfer) follow-ups was 17,2 months. The preexpanded TDAP, ICAP and CSAP flaps are revealed to be useful reconstructive options for the treatment of scars and contractures of anterior chest wall, axilla, neck and breast in pediatric patients.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Preexpanded Perforator Flaps in Pediatric Patients|
- Range of motion of the particular joint [ Time Frame: at least three months after flap tarnsfer ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Disruption of the contracture band and releasing the contracture of a particular joint results in achievement of the healthy range of motion of that joint.
- Replaced tissue dimensions [ Time Frame: at least three months after the operation ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Transferred flap sizes will be documented. It is a way of demonstrating the amount of replaced scar tissue and exhibiting the success of the technique.
- Developement of related anatomic structures [ Time Frame: at least a year after flap transfer ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Resurfacing the broad scar tissue and releasing the contracture leads to normal developement of the relevant extremity, chest, neck, breast and posture of the patient, thus, providing the healthy developement of the child.
|Study Start Date:||September 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: new technical intervention
''new technical intervention'' represents the surgical procedure which is applied for the patients assigned to this group because of their certain characteristics. Namely, pediatric patients with broad axillary, anterior chest wall, mammary and neck scars are treated with this surgical approach.
Procedure: new technical intervention
Contractures and broad scars of the subjects are treated by this surgical intervention which is a reconstructive surgery that is performed by the transfer of preexpanded perforator flaps to the recipient sites of skin deficiency.
Other Name: reconstructive surgery by transfer of preexpanded perforator flaps