An Open-Label Trial of Tocilizumab in Schizophrenia

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2013 by Georgia Regents University
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Brian Miller, Georgia Regents University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01696929
First received: September 24, 2012
Last updated: April 24, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

This study is a Phase 1 clinical trail to determine the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of Tocilizumab (Actemra) as an adjunct to antipsychotic medications in stable outpatients with schizophrenia. Tocilizumab (structural formula C6428H9976N1720O2018S42) is a recombinant humanized anti-human interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor monoclonal antibody of the immunoglobulin (Ig) IgG1 subclass. Tocilizumab is formulated as a concentrate for solution for infusion, and will be administered by intravenous infusion.

The investigators propose an 8-week trial to determine the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of tocilizumab, given in addition to antipsychotic medications, in 10 stable outpatients with schizophrenia. The investigators hypothesize that tocilizumab will be associated with clinically significant improvement in cognition and total psychotic symptoms over the course of the trial. Tocilizumab is administered as an intravenous infusion every 4 weeks. Following a screening evaluation, participants will receive two infusions of tocilizumab, one at baseline and another at week 4 of the study. The investigators will measure changes in cognitive function and symptoms over an 8-week period. Complementing previous positive clinical trials of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, this would be a "proof-of-concept" study that targeting specific cytokines is a viable treatment for schizophrenia.

Interleukin 6 and its receptor were discovered and cloned at Osaka University, Japan, by Tadamitsu Kishimoto in the 1980s. In 1997, Chugai Pharmaceuticals began the clinical development of tocilizumab for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Clinical studies for Castleman's disease and systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis started in 2001 and 2002, respectively. Hoffmann-La Roche co-developed the drug due to a license agreement in 2003.

Data presented in 2008 showed the effectiveness of tocilizumab in combination therapy with methotrexate for RA treatment. In further studies, it was effective and generally well tolerated when administered either as monotherapy or in combination with conventional DMARDs in adult patients with moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia
Drug: Tocilizumab
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Trial of Tocilizumab in Schizophrenia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Georgia Regents University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in Cognition [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Cognition at 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)is the metric used to characterize cognition in this study.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Improvement in Total Psychotic Symptoms [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Total Psychotic Symptoms at 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Clinical Global Impression (CGI) and Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS)are the metrics used to characterize psychotic symptoms in this study.


Estimated Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: September 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tocilizumab
Following a screening evaluation, participants will receive two infusions of tocilizumab, one at baseline and another at week 4 of the study. All subjects will receive a 4 mg/kg infusion of tocilizumab, the recommended starting dose for adults with RA.
Drug: Tocilizumab

Therapeutic/Pharmacologic Class of Drug:

Tocilizumab is a recombinant humanized anti-human interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor monoclonal antibody of the immunoglobulin (Ig) IgG1 subclass.

Type of Dosage Form:

Concentrate for solution for infusion.

Route of Administration:

Intravenous (i.v.) infusion.

Other Names:
  • Brand Name: Actemra
  • NDA/Serial Number: STN 125276/S022 (Cross ref: IND 11972)

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male and female
  • age 18-50
  • capable of giving informed consent
  • diagnosis of schizophrenia
  • stable based on clinical judgement, no psychiatric hospitalizations in past 3 months, and on the same psychotropic medications for >4 weeks
  • taking a non-clozapine antipsychotic

Exclusion Criteria:

  • imminent danger to self/others
  • antibiotic use in the past 2 weeks
  • current scheduled use of immunomodulatory agents
  • history of an immune disorder
  • illicit drug use in the past 30 days
  • any unstable or untreated medical condition
  • history of gastrointestinal ulcers, diverticulitis, malignancy, CNS demyelinating disorder, seizure disorder, or tuberculosis
  • low absolute neutrophil (<2000) or platelet (<100,000) count
  • abnormal hepatic (AST or ALT >1.5 times the upper limit of normal) or renal (BUN or creatinine>1.5 times the upper limit of normal) function
  • any abnormal lab test result judged to be clinically significant
  • active, chronic or recurrent infections
  • pregnancy
  • breastfeeding
  • female and of child-bearing potential who is not using any contraception
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01696929

Contacts
Contact: Brian Miller, MD, PhD, MPH 706-721-4445 brmiller@georgiahealth.edu

Locations
United States, Georgia
Georgia Health Sciences University Recruiting
Augusta, Georgia, United States, 30912
Contact: Brian Miller, MD, PhD, MPH    706-721-4445    brmiller@georgiahealth.edu   
Contact    706-721-3048      
Principal Investigator: Brian Miller, MD, PhD, MPH         
Sub-Investigator: Peter F Buckley, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brian Miller
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Brian Miller, MD, PhD, MPH Georgia Health Sciences University Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Brian Miller, Assistant Professor, Georgia Regents University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01696929     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pro00000405
Study First Received: September 24, 2012
Last Updated: April 24, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Georgia Regents University:
tocilizumab
safety
tolerability
efficacy
schizophrenia
improvement
cognition
psychotic symptoms
baseline IL-6 levels

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014