The Effects of Intra Operative Hand Reflexology for Patients Receiving Out Patient Vein Surgery
This randomised controlled trial aims to compare the effectiveness of hand reflexology received during office based vein surgery, under local anaesthetic on patient's reports of pain and anxiety, compared to usual standard care.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Evaluating The Effects Of Intra Operative Hand Reflexology on Pain and Anxiety During Out Patient Vein Surgery|
- Pain [ Time Frame: In the recovery area, immediately after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants will complete a numeric rating scale (0 no pain - 10, extreme pain) to assess any painful sensations experienced during treatment
- Anxiety [ Time Frame: In the recovery area, immediately after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants will complete a numeric rating scale(0, no anxiety to 10, extreme anxiety)to assess any anxiety they experienced during treatment.
- Satisfaction with treatment [ Time Frame: in the recovery area, immediately after surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Participants will be asked to rate how satisfied they are with the treatment that they have received on a scale of 1 (very dissatisfied) to 5 (very satisfied).
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Hand Reflexology
Participants in this condition will receive hand reflexology, performed by a trained reflexologist during their treatment. This will be in addition to usual standard care therefore the surgeon will speak to the participant occasionally to ensure they are comfortable.
Behavioral: Hand Reflexology
The hand reflexology will begin in theatre, before the local anaesthetic is administered and will continue until the patient is ready to leave the operating theatre.
No Intervention: Control
Participants in condition will form the control group for the study. They will receive usual standard care during treatment which will involve the surgeon speaking to them occasionally to ensure that they are comfortable.
The negative effects of anxiety and pain on surgical recovery are well documented. It is also accepted that distraction can be effective in pain reduction. This randomised controlled trial will explore the effect of intra operative hand reflexology on pain perception and anxiety during office-based surgery under local anaesthetic. Participants will be randomly allocated to either the experimental condition, in which they will receive a hand reflexology during treatment, or control condition in which they will receive usual standard care. Immediate and longer term outcomes will be explored.
Eight weeks after surgery, participants will return to the clinic for a follow up appointment. While they are in the waiting area they will be asked to complete a short questionnaire to assess time taken to return to pre surgical levels of functioning, pain experienced in the first four weeks after surgery, severity of venous symptoms and satisfaction with treatment.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01663025
|The Whiteley Clinic at the Wimpole Clinic|
|London, United Kingdom, W1U 4DJ|
|Principal Investigator:||Mark Whiteley||The Whiteley Clinic|