Prevalence, Awareness and Management of Hypertension in Acute Care Personnel
The primary purpose of this study is to identify the percentage of health care workers working in an acute care hospital who have high blood pressure, to determine the awareness of their blood pressure status, and to see how well it is managed. Study participants will come from the following three distinctly different types of departments: telemetry (clinical), non-telemetry (clinical), and non-direct patient care staff. All study participants are offered educational information surrounding high blood pressure and review the recommendation for their primary care engagement. Study participants with high blood pressure will be asked to continue in the study for up to 6 months. It is intended that each study participant who continues will take their blood pressure three times a day and record the results in a study provided diary. Each study participant should also make some of the suggested changes that promote a healthier lifestyle including exercising, improving their diet, and seeing their primary care provider. It is the thought that these changes will reduce the study participant's blood pressure. The secondary purpose is to determine the effect shift work has on these hospital employees and the potential positive effects of the three interventions.
Behavioral: Physical activity
Other: Primary care provider visit
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Prevalence, Awareness and Management of Hypertension in Acute Care Personnel|
- Reduction of blood pressure [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The study will look for a reduction in blood pressure during a 6-month time frame among those identified at screening to have high blood pressure and who continue on in the study.
|Study Start Date:||August 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Cohort 1
All employees within the acute care hospital that signed the informed consent form and provided their individual data.
Active Comparator: Cohort 2
All subjects of cohort 1 who also are considered hypertensive and participated in one or more study interventions, which include behavioral interventions (an increase in physical activity, or dietary changes) or who have a primary care provider visit to discuss hypertension.
Behavioral: Physical activity
This intervention includes cardiorespiratory exercise, resistance exercise, flexibility exercise and neuromotor exercise.Behavioral: Dietary
Make at least one positive dietary change including or similar to a DASH diet snack substitution.Other: Primary care provider visit
Subjects with hypertension will be asked to visit their primary care provider seeking treatment options. If a subject does not have a primary care provider then they will be encouraged to obtain one and seek medical treatment.
Research on hypertension (HTN) in hospital personnel during work hours is limited yet research has been published on the relationship of job strain and the risk of cardiovascular disease. HTN can be caused by sympathoadrenal activation brought on by long-term exposure to stressors and an inherent biomarker that is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
The primary purpose of this study is to quantify differences in HTN prevalence, awareness and management in three distinctly different areas and shifts within an acute hospital. Blood pressure (BP) will be taken during working hours along with pre and post sleep hours. The secondary purpose is to identify the effect of shift work within an acute care hospital and effectiveness of: BP monitoring, increases in physical activity, positive nutritional changes, and the correlation between a primary care provider visits and lowering BP.
|United States, Washington|
|Providence St. Peter Hospital|
|Olympia, Washington, United States, 98506|
|Principal Investigator:||Dan Donahue, M.Ed.||Providence Health and Services|