The Effect of Oral Health Education in Pregnancy

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NarjesBahriBinabaj, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01652300
First received: July 17, 2012
Last updated: July 27, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

Periodontal diseased during pregnancy are associated with many unpleasant prenatal consequences including preeclampsia, preterm labor, and low birth weight (LBW). Treatment of such diseases and observance of oral and dental hygiene may to some large extent prevent such consequences. Unfortunately previous studies have shown that pregnant women have very little knowledge of oral and dental health implications. Given the fact that pregnancy my be a unique opportunity to initiate correct hygienic behaviors in young women, this paper has focused on studying the effects of oral and dental health education during pregnancy.

In this single blind clinical trial study,140 pregnant women receiving care from Khaje Rabi Regional Health Center in Mashhad city who were members of a community based multi-center were chosen by systematic clustering methods and randomly allocated into test and control groups. After intervention, two questionnaires were completed for demographic and pregnancy details of the participants. Knowledge, health belief and health behavior were assessed before intervention. The test group had two educational sessions lasting 1 hour, focused on oral and dental health and especially on oral and dental health during pregnancy. women in the control group received no education. Knowledge, health belief and health behavior were assessed immediately after and one month after intervention of all participants. Analysis of data was done using SPSS, t-test and chi-square tests.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pregnancy
Behavioral: two educational sessions
Behavioral: no education
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Oral Health Education in Pregnancy Promotes Knowledge,Attitude and Performance of Pregnant Women About Oral Health.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Gonabad University of Medical Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Score of KAP about oral health [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 142
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: test group
For test group intervention was two educational sessions lasting 1 hour, focused on oral and dental health and especially on oral and dental health during pregnancy
Behavioral: two educational sessions
The test group had two educational sessions lasting 1 hour, focused on oral and dental health and especially on oral and dental health during pregnancy
Other Name: two educational sessions lasting 1 hour
control
received no education
Behavioral: no education
women in the control group received no education
Other Name: women in the control group received no education

Detailed Description:

In this clinical trial study,140 pregnant women receiving care from Khaje Rabi Regional Health Center in Mashhad city who were members of a community based multi-center were chosen by systematic clustering methods and randomly allocated into test and control groups. After intervention, two questionnaires were completed for demographic and pregnancy details of the participants. Knowledge, health belief and health behavior were assessed before intervention. The test group had two educational sessions lasting 1 hour, focused on oral and dental health and especially on oral and dental health during pregnancy. women in the control group received no education. Knowledge, health belief and health behavior were assessed immediately after and one month after intervention of all participants. Analysis of data was done using SPSS, t-test and chi-square tests.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Spoke Persian
  • minimum education margin of primary school studies
  • Gestational age between 12 and 32 weeks
  • lacked any type of physical or mental problem
  • lacked of any disease that could prevent from taking dental care

Exclusion Criteria:

  • who did not attend the education sessions
  • failed to complete the questionnaires
  • receive any special education between post-test and stability test
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01652300

Locations
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mums
Mashhad, Khorasan Razavi, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Investigators
Principal Investigator: narjes BahriBinabaj, Msc GonabadMUM
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: NarjesBahriBinabaj, Instructor in midwifery education, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01652300     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MUMS
Study First Received: July 17, 2012
Last Updated: July 27, 2012
Health Authority: Iran: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Gonabad University of Medical Sciences:
Oral health
education
knowledge
attitude
performance

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014