EPI-743 for Metabolism or Mitochondrial Disorders
- Mitochondria are the parts of cells that help produce energy. Metabolism is the process by which the body uses energy to help cells grow and reproduce. Metabolic and mitochondrial disorders affect the body s ability to produce and store energy. These disorders can cause a wide variety of problems, but most often they affect the muscles and the brain, where energy requirements are high. Treatment is difficult because the exact source of the problem is hard to detect.
- EPI-743 is a new drug that is based on vitamin E. Tests have shown that it can help improve the function of cells with mitochondrial problems. It may be able to treat people with genetic disorders that affect metabolism and mitochondria.
- To see if EPI-743 can improve energy production and use in people with mitochondrial or metabolic disorders.
- Children between 2 and 11 years of age who have metabolic or mitochondrial problems.
- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
- The study will last about 13 months. Participants will have seven 3- to 5-day inpatient study visits about 3 months apart.
- Participants will take either EPI-743 or a placebo for the first 6 months of the study. After 6 months, there will be a 1-month rest period. Then, those who received EPI-743 in the first 6 months will take the placebo for the next 6 months. Those who had the placebo will take EPI-743.
- During each inpatient study visit, participants will have a physical exam. A 24-hour urine collection will be obtained. Blood samples will also be taken. Imaging studies and other tests may be performed as directed by the study researchers.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Therapeutic Trial of EPI -743 In Patients With Disorders of Energy Utilization or Oxidation-Reduction|
- Newcastle Paediatric Mitochondrial Disease [ Time Frame: every 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Various bichemcial and clinical measures [ Time Frame: every 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The clinical manifestations of disorders of energy metabolism and defects in oxidation/reduction are similar because the basic defect involves the inability to transfer electrons. The same is true for many mitochondrial diseases. Affected patients exhibit a wide variety of signs and symptoms, but the most frequent and earliest dysfunctions occur in the muscle and brain, where energy requirements are high. The diagnosis of this type of defect is problematic because of the nonspecific and protean clinical manifestations of these disorders. Treatment is equally challenging, since the exact locus of the primary defect generally remains enigmatic. As a consequence, physicians rely upon generic cocktails of vitamin co-factors or endogenous intermediates intended to enhance mitochondrial electron transport, diminish the damage of reactive oxygen species, and promote energy production. The field is such a morass that, in general, it calls for trial-and-error treatment based upon empiric data. Edison Pharmaceuticals, Inc, has developed an in vitro assay that provides such empiric data. Their system determines the capacity of fibroblasts in culture to withstand oxidative stress; that ability is reduced in disorders of energy metabolism and oxidation/reduction. The assay system also determines if the cells respond with increased viability to an IND drug called EPI-743, which essentially accepts electrons from other intermediary metabolites more efficiently that other therapeutic compounds. We propose a clinical trial that enrolls 20 children who meet three criteria. First, they must have a disorder that, based upon studies performed in a clinical protocol such as 76-HG-0238 ( Diagnosis and Treatment of Patients with Inborn Errors of Metabolism and Other Genetic Disorders ), is consistent with a defect in energy metabolism or oxidation/reduction. Second, their cultured fibroblasts must exhibit a defect in the ability to withstand oxidant stress. Third, their fibroblasts must respond to EPI-743 in vitro by showing improved viability under conditions of oxidative stress. This protocol is a double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study with 6-month periods of treatment and a one-month washout period. Patients will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center for 4-5 days every 3 months. The primary outcome measure will be quality of life based upon the Newcastle Paediatric Mitochondrial Disease Scale (NPMDS) for ages 2- 11 years. Secondary outcome measures will be tailored to each patient s laboratory, imaging, and clinical abnormalities. Results while receiving EPI-743 will be compared to results while receiving placebo; both repeated measures analyses and Student s t test will be employed.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01642056
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||William A Gahl, M.D.||National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)|