GLP-1 and Non-exercise Activity Thermogenesis in RHZ

This study has been terminated.
(Terminated because of insufficient number of subjects included.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maastricht University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01638260
First received: July 9, 2012
Last updated: December 16, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

- Rationale: Treatment with glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) has been shown to reduce plasma glucose levels to a further extent when added to standard therapy in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Given the well-known beneficial effects of GLP-1 analogues on glucose metabolism by stimulating insulin release, suppressing elevated glucagon levels, delaying gastric emptying and reducing food intake, it is anticipated that liraglutide developed by Novo Nordisk (Victoza®) also has beneficial effects in type 2 diabetes mellitus as has been proven by several trials. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Obesity occurs when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure (EE) over a period of time. It has been presumed that activity energy expenditure and daily energy expenditure are lower in most people in Western societies. Increasing non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), defined as all energy expended due to everyday activity, exclusive of volitional exercise, may be an effective way to maintain daily EE and combat overweight and obesity. One way to promote NEAT is to decrease the amount of time spent on sedentary behaviors (e.g. watching television).

This leads us to hypothesize that adding NEAT to GLP-1 analogues in type 2 diabetes has an additive effect on glucose regulation, weight control and blood pressure. On the other hand, we hypothesize that a decrease in HbA1c, weight and blood pressure could add to an improved quality of life and less health care costs. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to determine the synergistic effect of liraglutide and activating lifestyle by increasing NEAT on glucose metabolism and weight. First line therapy of type 2 diabetes mellitus currently consists of lifestyle changes with metformin. When failure of this regime occurs, sulfonylurea derivates and/or thiazolidinediones can be added. One third of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus fail with this regimen after 5 years of monotherapy, and nowadays GLP-1 analogues can be added to prevent deterioration of glycaemic control. However, comparison of this strategy with NEAT has not been performed and the synergistic effect of combination of GLP-1 with increasing NEAT has not been investigated. Treatment with GLP-1 analogues in combination with NEAT could theoretically overcome all shortcomings of current treatment strategies of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Objective:

  • Primary objectives

    • To determine the change in HbA1c from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT
    • To determine the change in weight from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT
  • Secondary objectives

    • To assess the change in blood pressure from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT
    • To assess the change in quality of life from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT
    • To assess the change in NEAT from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT
    • To asses the health-care related costs at baseline, after 26 weeks of treatment with liraglutide versus liraglutide with NEAT, and after 52 weeks (end of follow-up)

Study design: Randomized controlled intervention study

- Study population: Men and women with type 2 diabetes mellitus, insufficiënt glycaemic control during maximum (tolerable) dose monotherapy with metformin or a sulfonylurea derivate or during combination therapy with metformin and a sulfonylurea derivate or a thiazolinedione, HbA1c above 7,0%, age between 40 - 75 years old, BMI above 25 kg/m2

Intervention: One group receives once daily subcutaneously liraglutide 1.8mg added to standard anti-diabetic care and the other group receives once daily subcutaneously liraglutide 1.8mg added to standard anti-diabetic care and an activating lifestyle by increasing NEAT

Main study parameters/endpoints: The main study parameter is the percent change in HbA1c and weight. Secondary study parameters are change in blood pressure, quality of life as measured using EQ-5D and SF-36 questionnaire, NEAT as measured using an activPAL™ accelerometer and cost-effectiveness analysis.


Condition Intervention Phase
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Liraglutide
Behavioral: NEAT
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Liraglutide With or Without NEAT in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Effects on HbA1c, Weight, Blood Pressure, Quality of Life and Health Care Costs.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Maastricht University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in HbA1c from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) [ Time Frame: 6 times, screening, week 0, week 13-26-39-52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in weight from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) [ Time Frame: 6 times, screening, week 0, week 13-26-39-52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in blood pressure from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) [ Time Frame: 6 times, screening, week 0, week 13-26-39-52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in quality of life from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) [ Time Frame: 3 times, week 0, 26, 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Quality of life questionnaires SF-36 en EQ-5D will be used.

  • Change in NEAT from baseline and end of treatment (26 weeks) and end of follow-up (52 weeks) [ Time Frame: 3 times, week 0, 26, 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Neat will be measured using ActivPal accelerometer during one week.

  • Health-care related costs [ Time Frame: At baseline, after 26 weeks and after 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: October 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Liraglutide
Subjects will inject liraglutide once daily for 26 weeks
Drug: Liraglutide
Liraglutide once daily 1.8 mg injection subcutaneously, 26 weeks
Active Comparator: Liraglutide and NEAT
Subjects will inject liraglutide once daily and combine this treatment with activating lifestyle, by increasing NEAT.
Behavioral: NEAT
Increasing NEAT by activating lifestyle interventions, combined with liraglutide once daily 1.8mg injections subcutaneously

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Informed consent obtained before any study-related activities
  • Men or women with type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Insufficiënt glycaemic control during maximum (tolerable) dose monotherapy with metformin or a sulfonylurea derivate or during combination therapy with metformin and a sulfonylurea derivate or a thiazolinedione
  • HbA1c ≥ 7.0% at screening
  • BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 at screening
  • Age between 40-75 years

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • HbA1c ≥ 10% at screening
  • Use of GLP-1 receptor agonist (exenatide, liraglutide or other) or pramlintide or any DDP-4 inhibitor within 3 months prior to screening
  • Use of insulin within 3 months prior to screening
  • An acute coronary or cerebrovascular event in the previous 3 months at screening
  • Chronic heart failure NYHA class IV at screening
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) as per Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) < 30 ml/min/1.73m2 at screening
  • Liver disease, defined as alanine or aspartate aminotransferase levels more than 2.5 the upper limit of normal range at screening
  • Malignant neoplasm
  • Family or personal history of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) or family history of medullary thyroid cancer
  • Chronic or acute pancreatitis
  • Abuse or dependence of alcohol or drugs (as defined by DSM-IV)
  • Any acute condition or exacerbation of chronic condition that would in the investigator's opinion interfere with the study
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity or intolerance to liraglutide
  • Known to be uncooperative or noncompliant
  • Simultaneous participation in any other clinical study of an investigational product
  • Females of childbearing potential who are pregnant, breast-feeding or intend to become pregnant or are not using adequate contraceptive methods
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01638260

Locations
Netherlands
Maastricht University Medical Center
Maastricht, Netherlands, 6229HX
Sponsors and Collaborators
Maastricht University Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nicolaas C Schaper, Prof., MD Maastricht University Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Maastricht University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01638260     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: METC 12-2-033
Study First Received: July 9, 2012
Last Updated: December 16, 2013
Health Authority: Netherlands: The Central Committee on Research Involving Human Subjects (CCMO)

Keywords provided by Maastricht University Medical Center:
NEAT
liraglutide
glycemic control

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Liraglutide
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014