Efficacy of Pulsatile IV Insulin on Cognition and Amyloid Burden in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease
The objectives of this project are to examine amyloid burden and cognition in a group of subjects diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) or Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) before and after a six month course of insulin delivered weekly in a controlled pulsatile intravenous fashion in a clinical setting. The investigators central hypothesis is straightforward: The investigators predict that controlled pulsed IV infusion of insulin will improve cognition in patients with AD, and that this improvement will be correlated with a decrease in amyloid burden in these patients.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Evaluating the Efficacy of Controlled Pulsatile Intravenous Insulin on Cognition and Amyloid Burden in Patients With Alzheimer's Disease- A Pilot Study|
- cerebral glucose metabolism [ Time Frame: 25 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Cerebral glucose metabolism will be measured using pre and post FDG PET Scans.
- cognition [ Time Frame: 30 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Changes in cognition will be measured before therapy, on a weekly basis during therapy, and after therapy using the Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) and the Clock Drawing Test (CDT).
- general clinical improvement [ Time Frame: 30 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Changes in general clinical improvement will be measured before therapy, on a weekly basis during therapy, and after therapy using the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) and the Quality of Life Scale (QOLS).
- basal metabolism [ Time Frame: 30 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Changes in basal metabolism will be measured before therapy, during weekly treatment sessions, and after therapy using measured O2 and CO2 levels.
|Study Start Date:||September 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Insulin LISPRO
Visit 1: Consent/Assent will be obtained before any study related procedures are performed. Once consent is obtained subjects will be assessed to determine eligibility based on study inclusion/exclusion criteria. A history and physical with possible neurological examination will be conducted. Cognitive impairment will be assessed by having the subject complete the Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE).
Qualifying subjects who wish to participate in the study will be scheduled to return for a study orientation visit. Subjects are required to have a study partner. Subjects will be given a copy of the study partner informed consent form (ICF) to take home with them. A potential study partner(s) must attend the orientation visit with the subject.
Visit 2: Study Orientation: ICF will be obtained from subject study partner(s). Subjects and their study partner(s) will be given information about what is required for the study. They will be given the patient logs that are to be kept at home between sessions and discussed with study staff at the following session. Subjects and study partners will be trained to become proficient in checking their blood sugar with one of the common blood glucose meters as well as how to use a supply of glucose which can cover any potential hypoglycemic reaction. Subjects and/or their study partners will be oriented to the location where the controlled pulsatile IV insulin infusion therapy will be performed. They will be instructed on where to park and where to go when they arrive.
Visit 3: Pre-Therapy Amyloid PET scan
Visits 4 - 28: Insulin Therapy Visits: Subjects will complete 25 insulin therapy sessions which will occur on a weekly basis, over 6 months. Prior to insulin treatment the following assessments will be completed: MMSE, CDT, QOLS, and CGI. Also prior to insulin therapy, as well as between insulin therapy treatments, basal O2 and C O2 measurements will be obtained.
Pre labs will be collected at visit 4, mid labs at visit 16, and post labs at visit 28.
Visit 29: Post-therapy Amyloid PET Scan
Visit 30: The final study visit will be conducted in the Psychopharmacology Research Clinic within one month of the subject completing the last insulin treatment.
|United States, Louisiana|
|LSUHSC Shrevport Psychopharmacology Research Clinic|
|Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71130|
|Principal Investigator:||James C Patterson, MD PhD||LSUHSC Shreveport|