Group Music Therapy for Chinese Prisoners

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2012 by Aalborg University.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Xi Jing Chen, Aalborg University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01633125
First received: June 25, 2012
Last updated: July 3, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

The prevalence of psychological problems is high in prisons. Many prisoners have unmet needs for appropriate treatments. Although pilot studies have suggested music therapy to be a successful treatment modality for prisoners, more rigorous evidence is needed.

This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of group music therapy to improve anxiety, depression, and self-esteem in prisoners. One hundred and ninety two inmates from a Chinese prison will be allocated to two groups through randomisation. The experimental group will participate in biweekly group music therapy for 10 weeks (20 sessions) while the control group will be placed on a waitlist. Anxiety, depression and self-esteem will be measured by self-report scales three times: before, at the middle, and at the end of the intervention. Logs by prisoners and daily behavior observation by trained prison guards will be used as additional information.

This study will increase the knowledge of the effectiveness of group music therapy. Results will be generalizable to Chinese prisons but also internationally. Generalizability to clinical practice will be high, and findings will be able support the further development of music therapy in prison.


Condition Intervention
Anxiety
Depression
Self-esteem
Other: Group music therapy

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Group Music Therapy for Chinese Prisoners: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Aalborg University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in State Trait Anxiety Inventory at 10 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Anxiety will be measured with the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The STAI contains two subscales that are relatively similar, and a qualified person will be present to make sure the participants understand the difference between them. The first subscale measures state anxiety (reflecting the current level of anxiety which can change quickly), whereas the second measures trait anxiety (reflecting anxiety as a more general trait that may also change over time but is more lasting than state anxiety).

  • Change from baseline in State Trait Anxiety Inventory at 20 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 20 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from baseline in Beck Depression Inventory at 10 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Depression will be assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). This instrument consists of 21 items; the score of each item ranges from 0 to 3, producing a total range from 0 to 63, with higher scores indicating greater depression. BDI has become one of the most widely used instruments not only for assessing the intensity of depression in psychiatric patients, but also for detecting depression in normal populations.

  • Change from baseline in Beck Depression Inventory at 20 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 20 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory at 10 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-esteem will be assessed as a secondary outcome. It will be assessed using two self-report scales, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (RSI) and the Texas Social Behavior Inventory (TSBI). RSI and TSBI measure global self-esteem and social self-esteem, respectively.

  • Change from baseline in Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory at 20 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 20 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in Texas Social Behavior Inventory at 10 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-esteem will also be assessed as a secondary outcome. It will be assessed using two self-report scales, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Inventory (RSI) and the Texas Social Behavior Inventory (TSBI). RSI and TSBI measure global self-esteem and social self-esteem, respectively.

  • Change from baseline in Texas Social Behavior Inventory at 20 weeks [ Time Frame: Baseline and 20 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 192
Study Start Date: April 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group music therapy
Participants in the experimental group will take part in biweekly group music therapy for 10 weeks (20 sessions). Each group will be formed by 6 to 8 people, and each session will last for 90 minutes.The academically trained music therapist with previous relevant clinical experience will apply receptive and active music therapy techniques. The active techniques will include musical improvisation as a medium to work with participants according to therapeutic goals and participants' needs.
Other: Group music therapy
The academically trained music therapist with previous relevant clinical experience will apply receptive and active music therapy techniques. The receptive methods will include music imagery,The active techniques will include musical improvisation and song writing.
Other Names:
  • Music imagery
  • Song writing
  • Improvisation
No Intervention: No music therapy
Participants assigned to the control group will not receive any specific treatment in this study. The usual care that is normally available at the prison will continue to be available for all participants during the study.Due to ethical considerations, the control group will receive group music therapy or psychotherapy by academically qualified therapists for 5 weeks after the study is finished.
Other: Group music therapy
The academically trained music therapist with previous relevant clinical experience will apply receptive and active music therapy techniques. The receptive methods will include music imagery,The active techniques will include musical improvisation and song writing.
Other Names:
  • Music imagery
  • Song writing
  • Improvisation

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Without diagnosis of psychotic problems
  • Show a higher level of anxiety or depression level than the average level of the normal population.
  • Have a remaining sentence of 6 months or more from the date of enrollment into the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • With severe physical diseases
  • With psychotic disorders
  • Intelligence quotient is ≤69 (mild mental retardation)
  • Unable to understand and complete the questionnaires
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01633125

Contacts
Contact: Yong W Fan, Master +86 010 6021 5129 20716934@qq.com

Locations
China, Beijing
Xin An Prison Recruiting
Beijing, Beijing, China, 102627
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aalborg University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jing X Chen, Master Aalborg University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Xi Jing Chen, Cand. PhD, Aalborg University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01633125     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Aau-1
Study First Received: June 25, 2012
Last Updated: July 3, 2012
Health Authority: Denmark: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Aalborg University:
Group music therapy
prisoners
Anxiety
Depression
Self-esteem

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014