Safety Study of Positive Airway Pressure Via a Nasal Mask in Obese Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified July 2012 by Massachusetts General Hospital.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yandong Jiang, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01627925
First received: June 22, 2012
Last updated: July 3, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

Upper airway obstruction (UAO) is a frequently occurring complication during induction of general anesthesia. The American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) closed claim analysis of anesthesia complications indicate that a difficult airway is one of the most challenging scenarios continuously facing anesthesia providers.

The mechanism of UAO during anesthesia has not been well understood. Posterior displacement of soft palate, tongue and epiglottis are believed to be the primary contributing factors. Obesity is well known to be an essential characteristic which reflects propensity to UAO. The mechanism of UAO during anesthesia shares many similarities with the upper airway obstruction observed during obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) via nasal mask (NM) can maintain the airway patent with near 100% success in patients with OSA. Obesity is a major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea and obese patients have a higher prevalence of UAO during anesthesia. Therefore, the investigators hypotheses that nCPAP should eliminate airway obstruction in obese patients under anesthesia. The investigators propose to test this hypothesis and determine the efficacy of nCPAP on maintaining airway patency in obese patients who require general anesthesia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Upper Airway Obstruction
Device: nasal mask and continuous positive airway pressure
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Safety Study of Positive Airway Pressure Via a Nasal Mask on Upper Airway Patency During Induction of Anesthesia in Obese Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Expired tidal volume [ Time Frame: About two minute during induction of general anesthesia ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Volume of CO2 [ Time Frame: About two minute during induction of general anesthesia ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: June 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Face mask and nasal mask without PEEP
Face mask ventilation and nasal mask ventilation without PEEP
Device: nasal mask and continuous positive airway pressure
nasal mask use instead of face mask application of continuous positive airway pressure during induction of general anesthesia
Other Name: nasal mask (Contour delux, Respironics)
Experimental: Nasal mask and face mask with PEEP
Nasal mask ventilation and face mask ventilation with PEEP
Device: nasal mask and continuous positive airway pressure
nasal mask use instead of face mask application of continuous positive airway pressure during induction of general anesthesia
Other Name: nasal mask (Contour delux, Respironics)

Detailed Description:

Upper airway obstruction (UAO) is an unpredictable and frequently occurring complication during induction of general anesthesia. Since obese patients ( BMI>30 km/ m2) are more vulnerable to develop airway obstruction either during sleep or under anesthesia, and the segment of obese individuals in the entire population keep growing, difficult airway management under anesthesia becomes even more challenging than ever. The most serious event related to difficult airway management under anesthesia is "cannot intubate, cannot ventilate". Unfortunately, even with modern technologic advances, 16% of death and permanent brain damage related to anesthesia have been attributed to failure of difficult airway management 3. The American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) closed claim analysis of anesthesia complications indicate that a difficult airway is one of the most challenging scenarios continuously facing anesthesia providers. Indeed, it can be a fatal complication of general anesthesia. Therefore, measures used to reduce the incidence of difficult airways during anesthesia remain to be improved.

The mechanism of UAO during anesthesia has not been well understood. Posterior displacement of soft palate, tongue and epiglottis are believed to be the primary contributing factors. Obesity is well known to be an essential characteristic which reflects propensity to UAO. Accordingly, obese patients are a high-risk group for perioperative airway catastrophe and prone to develop progressively narrower pharyngeal airways due to an increase of soft tissue volume surrounding the pharyngeal airway. More and more evidence indicates that the mechanism of UAO during anesthesia shares many similarities with the upper airway obstruction observed during obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) via nasal mask (NM) can maintain the airway patent with near 100% success in patients with OSA, if they can tolerate it. Under anesthesia, tolerance should not be an issue as the patient is anesthetized. Obesity is a major risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea and obese patients have a higher prevalence of UAO during anesthesia. Therefore, the investigators hypotheses that nCPAP should eliminate airway obstruction in obese patients under anesthesia. The investigators propose to test this hypothesis and determine the efficacy of nCPAP on maintaining airway patency in obese patients who require general anesthesia.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Thirty-two subjects with BMI limited in the range of 30 km/ m2 to 50 km/m2 and age of 18-65 years will be enrolled. Subjects must also meet ASA physical status classification I-III, require general anesthesia for elective surgery and be able to breathe through both their nose and mouth while awake.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • 1. Patients with major cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, cerebral vascular disease or American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class IV or greater.

    2. Abnormal vital signs on the day of admission for surgery [heart rate (HR, >100 bpm or <40 bpm), blood pressure (BP, >180/100 mmHg or <90/60 mmHg), room air transcutaneous oxyhemoglobin saturation (SPO2) <96%] that are not correctable with his or her routine medication or commonly used pre-operative medication.

    3. Having claustrophobia and not able to tolerate the mask. 4. Any person with an anticipated difficult airway or those with a history of difficult airway. This will include subjects who require or may require either a fiberoptic intubation or intubation while awake.

    5. Gastric-esophageal reflex disease that is refractory to treatment or a full stomach.

    6. The subject has been in bed for more than 24 hours. 7. Neurological symptoms associated with neck extension, a neurological deficit from a previous stroke or spinal cord injury, a recent stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 2 weeks.

    8. Pregnant women and women less than one month post-partum. Ruling out pregnancy will be conducted by careful history and physical examination as performed routinely prior to surgery. If the history is believed to be unreliable, the patient will be excluded unless a pregnancy test is performed and the result of the test is negative.

    9. Emergency cases and subjects who have not adhered to the ASA NPO (Nil Per Os) guidelines.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01627925

Contacts
Contact: Yandong Jiang, MD, PhD 617-724-2250 YJIANG@PARTNERS.ORG
Contact: Jun Oto, MD, PhD 617-724-4496 JOTO@PARTNERS.ORG

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Recruiting
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Contact: Yandong Jiang, MD, PhD    617-724-2250    YJIANG@PARTNERS.ORG   
Contact: Jun Oto, MD, PhD    617-724-4496    JOTO@PARTNERS.ORG   
Principal Investigator: Yandong Jiang, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Jun Oto, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Wang Jingping, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Kimball William, MD, PhD         
Sub-Investigator: Robert M Kacmarek, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yandong Jiang, MD, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yandong Jiang, associated professor, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01627925     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2012-P-000054
Study First Received: June 22, 2012
Last Updated: July 3, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Massachusetts General Hospital:
nasal positive airway pressure
upper airway obstruction
mask ventilation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Airway Obstruction
Respiratory Insufficiency
Respiration Disorders
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014