Exercise to Enhance Smoking Cessation for Women at the YMCA

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The Miriam Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01615380
First received: May 18, 2012
Last updated: June 6, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

Approximately 21% of women continue to smoke cigarettes despite the increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease associated with cigarette smoking. Exercise has been shown to be an efficacious treatment component in combating nicotine dependence, especially among women for whom concerns about weight gain during smoking cessation are an obstacle to successful quitting. In previous trials of women smokers, the investigators program of cognitive behavioral smoking cessation treatment (CBT) plus regular aerobic exercise was more efficacious than CBT plus equal contact time. Recognizing the program's successes, Commit to Quit (CTQ) was recently designated an Effective Program by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) National Registry of Effective Programs. Thus, the Commit to Quit program is well poised for a larger trial in a community setting where it has the potential to reach a large number of female smokers in a setting in which it can be sustained. In response to PA-03-126, Behavioral Therapies Development Program, the investigators propose a Stage III study in which they will conduct a trial to test the investigators CTQ smoking cessation program in the community setting of the local YMCAs. As stated in the PA, Stage III research is aimed at understanding if and how an efficacious therapy may be transported to the community. The investigators propose a randomized controlled clinical trial to take place in the YMCA setting and delivered by YMCA staff. The trial will compare CBT smoking cessation treatment plus a program of regular exercise to CBT smoking cessation treatment plus contact control. In order to promote transportability to the YMCA, the investigators will use the YMCA's existing Personal Fitness Program, which is similar to the investigators CTQ exercise program, in that it is guided by trained staff and requires participants to exercise 3 times per week. If the exercise condition is found to be more efficacious than contact control when delivered at the YMCA by YMCA staff, then the investigators will be well positioned to partner with the YMCA to pursue widespread, national dissemination of this program.


Condition Intervention Phase
Smoking
Behavioral: CBT+ Contact
Behavioral: CBT+ Exercise
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Using a YMCA Exercise Program to Enhance Nicotine Dependence Treatment for Women

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Miriam Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Salivary Cotinine [ Time Frame: 12 months posttreatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Saliva will be collected at the 12 month follow-up visit and sent to a laboratory for analysis of cotinine, a biomarker of nicotine.


Enrollment: 408
Study Start Date: September 2006
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: CBT+ Contact
In addition to the smoking cessation program, those in the CBT + CONTACT condition will enroll in a Wellness Program and will receive weekly wellness materials to read as well as receiving 4 sessions with a health educator in weeks 1, 4, 8 and 12 to discuss the wellness materials.
Behavioral: CBT+ Contact
In addition to the smoking cessation program, those in the CBT + CONTACT condition will enroll in a Wellness Program and will receive weekly wellness materials to read as well as receiving 4 sessions with a health educator in weeks 1, 4, 8 and 12 to discuss the wellness materials.
Other Name: CBT+ Contact
Experimental: CBT+ Exercise
Participants will receive an identical 12-week cognitive behavioral smoking cessation program delivered by YMCA staff and monitored by members of the research team to ensure fidelity of treatment delivery. In addition to the smoking cessation program, those in the CBT + EXERCISE condition will enroll in the 12-week YMCA Personal Fitness Program (PFP) where they will receive 4 sessions with a personal trainer in weeks 1, 4, 8 and 12 and will engage in aerobic exercise at least 3 times per week either in the PFP facilities or in other programs offered at the YMCA, such as aerobics classes.
Behavioral: CBT+ Exercise
Participants will receive an identical 12-week cognitive behavioral smoking cessation program delivered by YMCA staff and monitored by members of the research team to ensure fidelity of treatment delivery. In addition to the smoking cessation program, those in the CBT + EXERCISE condition will enroll in the 12-week YMCA Personal Fitness Program (PFP) where they will receive 4 sessions with a personal trainer in weeks 1, 4, 8 and 12 and will engage in aerobic exercise at least 3 times per week either in the PFP facilities or in other programs offered at the YMCA, such as aerobics classes.
Other Name: CBT+ Exercise

Detailed Description:

We propose a randomized controlled clinical trial to take place in the YMCA setting and to be delivered by YMCA staff. The trial will compare CBT smoking cessation treatment plus a program of regular exercise (CBT + EXERCISE) to CBT smoking cessation treatment plus an equal staff contact control (CBT + CONTACT). In order to promote transportability to the YMCA, the exercise program will be the YMCA's existing Personal Fitness Program, which like our CTQ exercise program, is guided by trained staff and requires participants to exercise at least 3 times per week.

If CBT + EXERCISE is found to be more efficacious than CBT + CONTACT when delivered at the YMCA by YMCA staff, then we will be well positioned to partner with the YMCA's initiative of Y Total Health to pursue widespread, national dissemination of this program. The proposed testing of the efficacy of the CTQ program in the YMCA setting is a necessary intermediate step in the eventual dissemination of the CTQ program.

Primary Aim. To determine the efficacy of CBT + EXERCISE compared with CBT + CONTACT when delivered in the YMCAs by YMCA staff to enhance the achievement and maintenance (3, 6, and 12 months follow-up) of smoking cessation (continuous abstinence) among healthy adult female smokers.

Hypothesis. Participants in the CBT + EXERCISE condition will have significantly greater continuous abstinence rates than those in the CBT + CONTACT condition at end-of-treatment, 3, 6, and 12 months follow-up.

Additional Questions of Interest.

1. To perform process-to-outcome analyses on the intermediate variables which influence the achievement and maintenance of smoking cessation among healthy female smokers. Specifically, to determine if exercise affects weight and/or weight concerns, negative affect associated with nicotine withdrawal, and/or self-efficacy and to determine if these hypothesized mediators affect the achievement and maintenance of smoking cessation.

To explore potential moderators of the treatment, such as baseline demographic and psychological characteristics (e.g., age, baseline mood) on smoking cessation outcomes.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy female smokers
  • ages 18 - 65
  • Read and write English
  • Regularly smoke 5 or more cigarettes a day
  • Sedentary, or not exercising greater than 20 minutes of vigorous exercise more than once a week or greater than 30 minutes of moderate exercise 2 times per week.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • known history of cardiovascular
  • pulmonary or metabolic disease such as coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, chronic bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, and diabetes
  • Any musculoskeletal problems that would limit exercise training such as knee or hip osteoarthritis or any other serious medical condition that might make exercise unsafe or unwise.
  • The current use of smokeless tobacco, nicotine replacement therapy or other smoking cessation treatment, and currently using prescription medication that might impair exercise performance or tolerance, specifically beta-blockers or medications used for the treatment of hypertension
  • Pregnant or planning to become pregnant within the next 12 months.
  • Women hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder
  • Receiving treatment for bipolar disorder or schizophrenia
  • Current alcohol abuse or psychological problems when quitting in the past that required treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01615380

Locations
United States, Rhode Island
The Mriam Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Miriam Hospital
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Bess H Marcus, PhD The Miriam Hospital
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: The Miriam Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01615380     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R01DA021729, R01DA021729
Study First Received: May 18, 2012
Last Updated: June 6, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by The Miriam Hospital:
smoking cessation
Aerobic Exercise
Women
YMCA

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014