Body Awareness Therapy for People With Stroke
Affected balance capacity is common after a stroke due to paresis and sensory disturbances. The affected balance capacity may cause walking disturbances, falls and decreased mobility. Balance may be improved by physical therapy. A possible method for balance training is body awareness therapy, that was introduced in Sweden by Jacques Dropsy and Gertrud Roxendal. Earlier body awareness therapy was mostly used in psychiatric care but in the recent years the method has been used for people with long-tern pain, amputations and multiple sclerosis. Body awareness therapy includes exercises in lying, sitting and standing. Focus of the exercises are awareness of one´s movement behaviour, breathing patterns, resources and limitations. Postural control is an essential part in the exercises. Body awareness therapy could be used for people with stroke as a way to improve postural control. The aim of this study is to investigate if balance training using body awareness therapy can improve balance and walking in people after stroke. The interventions consists of body awareness therapy once a week for 8 weeks.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Body Awareness Therapy for People With Stroke|
- Bergs Balance Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Bergs balance scale at 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Test of functional balance. Includes 14 items all graded 0-4 where 0 indicate larger impairment. Total score is used here, maximum 56 and minimum 0.
The Berg balance scale was developed for older patients but is a much used meausure of dynamic and static functional balance.
- Timed Up and Go Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Timed Up and Go test at 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]test of functional mobility. Time is taken in seconds. The participants sits on a chair with armrests are then asked to rise, walk 3 meters, turn and walk back and sit down.
- Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Activities-specific Balance confidence scale at 9 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]16 item questionnaire that investigates balance self-efficacy. Each items is a question; How secure are you that you will not fall when you...sweep the floor? The participant are asked to grade his/hers feeling of secutiry from 0, 10, 20 and so on up to 100. 0 is regarded low balance self-efficacy. The item responses are summed and divided by 16.
|Study Start Date:||October 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Body awareness therapy||
Other: Balance training using Body awareness therapy
Once a week, 1 hour for 8 weeks.Body awareness training may be performed by physiotherapist. Exercises are performed in standing, sitting and lying. Exemple of exercies are weight-balancing in standing and relaxation exercises.
|No Intervention: Control|
|Primary Health Care Centres|
|Principal Investigator:||Mialinn Arvidsson Lindvall, RPT, MSc||Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro county council|
|Study Chair:||Anette Forsberg, PhD||Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro county council|