Prospective Follow-up Study of the Aortic Diameter in Patients With Giant Cell Arteritis (ATACT)
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most frequent vasculitis in patients above 50 years of age. The disease has limited mortality, mostly due to the development of aortic aneurysms, leading to dissection and rupture. The probability to develop this complication is 17 x higher at the level of the thoracic aorta and 2,4 x at the level of the abdominal aorta in patients with GCA when compared with a control group. Therefore, follow-up of the aortic diameter in patients with GCA is part of good clinical practice. Previous retrospective research showed a link between FDG-uptake at the level of the thoracic aorta, on positron-emission-tomography (PET) at the time of diagnosis, and the increase of diameter and volume of the thoracic aorta during follow-up (on computed tomography (CT)).
The purpose of this prospective study is to follow-up on the aortic diameter, and to correlate these measures with FDG-PET uptake at diagnosis. Ideally, this would allow us to define a group of patients at high risk to develop an aortic aneurysm, already at the time of diagnosis.
Giant Cell Arteritis
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Prospective Study for the Follow-up of Aortic Diameter in Patients With Arteritis Temporalis / Giant Cell Arteritis.|
- Diameter of aorta. [ Time Frame: yearly, until 10 years after diagnosis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]diameter of ascending aorta, arcus aortae, descending aorta, suprarenal, juxtarenal and infrarenal abdominal aorta
- Volume of aorta [ Time Frame: yearly, until 10 years after diagnosis ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]volume of the thoracic and abdominal aorta
|Study Start Date:||March 2012|
giant cell arteritis
patients with biopsy and/or scintigraphy proven GCA
As standard care, all patients with a suspicion of GCA undergo a biopsy of the temporal artery and a PET scintigraphy to evaluate the presence of large vessel vasculitis. Patients with proven GCA on biopsy and/or scintigraphy undergo a computed tomography (CT) of the aorta without the administration of contrast, at diagnosis and yearly thereafter (every 12 +/- 3 months) for 10 years.
Measurements include the diameter of the ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta, suprarenal, juxtarenal and infrarenal aorta, and the volume of the thoracic and the abdominal aorta. These measurements are correlated with FDG-uptake at the level of the aorta on PET-scintigraphy at the time of diagnosis. All patients will be treated according to accepted guidelines and standard care in our center (methylprednisolone started at 32 mg/day, with slowly declining doses until stop after 1 to 1,5 years of treatment).
|Contact: Daniël Blockmans, MD, PhD||daniël.firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Liesbet Henckaerts, MD, PhDemail@example.com|
|University Hospital Leuven||Recruiting|
|Leuven, Belgium, 3000|
|Contact: Daniël Blockmans, MD, PhD firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Liesbet Henckaerts, MD, PhD email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Daniël Blockmans, MD, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Liesbet Henckaerts, MD, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Daniël Blockmans, MD, PhD||University Hospital, Gasthuisberg|