PREclinical Mutation CARriers From Families With DIlated Cardiomyopathy and ACE Inhibitors (PRECARDIA)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2012 by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583114
First received: April 11, 2012
Last updated: April 19, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

This is a multicentre European double-blind,randomized and controlled trial with 2 parallel groups (1 study medication, 1 placebo) in order to analyse the impact of ACE inhibitors (ACEi) in subjects who carry a mutation but have not yet developed DCM (dilated cardiomyopathy).

Objective of the trial: Study the impact of ACE inhibitors (ACEi) in subjects who carry a mutation (leading to a genetic form of heart failure) but have not yet developed DCM.

Context. Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) is one of the leading causes of Heart Failure due to systolic dysfunction and at least 30% of DCM are of familial/genetic origin, usually with autosomal dominant inheritance, and underlying genes and mutations are increasingly identified. Familial Dilated Cardiomyopathy (fDCM) is characterized by age-related penetrance (or delayed-onset), that means that the cardiac expression of the disease (echocardiographic abnormalities) is usually absent for a long period and progressively appears with advanced age, usually after 20 years of age

Hypothesis : ACEi may delay or prevent the occurrence of DCM in these subjects (pre-clinical stage).

Expected results: If the hypothesis is confirmed, and as a consequence, the knowledge derived from basic research (genes identification in DCM) will be translated into clinical practice (early identification of subjects at high risk of developing heart failure through predictive genetic testing) with the development of new therapeutic management (early ACEi) that will help to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with the disease. This will constitute a paradigm of the development of preventive medicine thanks to the development of genetics in the cardiovascular field.

Subjects who are concerned are ≥18 years of age and ≤60 years, carry a mutation responsible for DCM and are at a preclinical stage of the disease. Total duration of treatment (perindopril versus placebo) is 3 years. A total number of 200 participants will be enrolled (100 in each group) in 7 centres.


Condition Intervention Phase
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Drug: perindopril
Drug: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Preventive Effect of ACE Inhibitor Perindopril)on the Onset or Progression of Left Ventricular Dysfoction in Subjects at a Preclinical Stage From Families With Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in left ventricle diameter / volume / ejection fraction [ Time Frame: baseline,12 months, 24 months and 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Primary composite end point:

    • Occurence of DCM (LV ejection fraction LVEF<45% and LVEDD>112%)
    • or deterioration of LV end-diastolic diameter / volume (occurrence of events defined as "+4% LVEDD/LVEDV")
    • or deterioration of Ejection fraction (occurrence of events defined as "-4% LVEF")

    All criteria determined either by Echocardiography (primary end-point 1) or by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) primary end-point 2).



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Echocardiographic deterioration of LVEDD or Ejection fraction [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 24 months and 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Echocardiographic deterioration of LVEDD (comparison of average "final LVEDD compared to baseline LVEDD" between arms) or Ejection fraction (comparison of average "final LVEF vs baseline LVEF" between arms)

  • MRI - deterioration of LVEDVol or Ejection fraction [ Time Frame: at baseline and at 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    MRI deterioration of LVEDVol (comparison of average "final LVEDVol compared to baseline LVEDVol" between arms) or Ejection fraction (comparison of average "final LVEF vs baseline LVEF" between arms)

  • Occurence of DCM (Echo: EF< 45% and LVEDD>112%, ref Mahon, 2005) [ Time Frame: baseline, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Occurence of DCM on Echocardiography: EF< 45% and LVEDD>112% (ref Mahon, 2005)

  • Deterioration of other Echocardiographic parameters [ Time Frame: at baseline, at 12 months, 24 months and 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Deterioration of other Echocardiographic parameters:

    • TDI velocities (average Sa & Ea velocities) at the mitral annulus (lateral and septal), and the E/Ea ratio
    • strain and strain rate (radial, longitudinal, circonferential strain rate in the basal, mid and apical segments)
    • LV volumes (LVED Vol and LVES Vol, Simpson method, 4 cavity incidence)

  • Deterioration of hormonal biomarkers in serum [ Time Frame: at baseline, at 18 months and 36 months after inclusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Deterioration of hormonal biomarkers in serum:

    • Natriuretic peptid: BNP and NTproBNP (+/-4% or final versus baseline).
    • Mid-Regional pro-Adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) and Mid-Regional proANP, (+/-4% or final versus baseline).

  • Clinical end-point [ Time Frame: at each visit (inclusion, at 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, then every 6 months to 36 months after inclusion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Clinical end-point (statistical power is known to be sufficient):

    • Symptoms: Dyspnoea (NYHA stage 1 to 4)
    • Hospitalisation (not planed) for heart failure

  • Clinical end-point: death [ Time Frame: at each visit (inclusion, at 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, then every 6 months to 36 months after inclusion) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Clinical end-point (statistical power is known to be sufficient):

    • All cause death
    • cardiovascular death (Safety end-point: no excess of)


Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: December 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: perindopril Drug: perindopril
form:1 tablet contained 5 mg of perindopril; posology: 1 intake per day, initiated at a dose of 2.5 mg (1/2 tablet) per day during one week, then 5 mg (1 tablet) per day during two weeks, then 10 mg (2 tablets), or the maximal dose tolerated, until the end of the study (36 months).
Other Name: Coversyl
Placebo Comparator: placebo
same form, administration, posology, frequency and duration as perindopril
Drug: placebo
form:1 tablet contained 5 mg placebo; posology: 1 intake per day, initiated at a dose of 2.5 mg (1/2 tablet) per day during one week, then 5 mg (1 tablet) per day during two weeks, then 10 mg (2 tablets), or the maximal dose tolerated, until the end of the study (36 months).

Detailed Description:

This study is part of a broader research program, "INHERITANCE" (INtegrated HEart Research In TrANslational genetics of dilated Cardiomyopathies in Europe) research project, submitted to EU (FP7 European Union, HEALTH-2009-2.4.2-3: Translation of basic knowledge on inherited cardiomyopathies into clinical practice) and accepted in 2009 (Grant agreement n° 241924, global coordinator: Pr Eloisa Arbustini, Pavia, Italy).

  • Precardia / clinical trial Principal Investigator: Dr Philippe Charron, Pitié Salpêtrière hospital, France
  • FP7 Global Inheritance network coordinator: Pr Eloisa Arbustini, Italia
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: ≥18 years and ≤60 years
  • At least one family member should have a clinical diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (LVEF<45% and LVEDD>112%)and should not be considered as the burn-out phase of another cardiomyopathy (such as HCM, ARVC). LV noncompaction may co-exist with DCM in this patient.NB:in a patient with a mutation in LMNA gene, LVEDD may be normal whereas EF is markedly reduced, so that only a reduced LVEF is mandatory(LVEF<45%).
  • Carriers of the mutation that has been identified in the family as associated with DCM, and who have received appropriate genetic counselling before and after the announcement of the genetic result. The mutation within the family should be considered as disease-causing.
  • No obvious DCM as assessed by diagnostic criteria indicated elsewhere on echocardiography (WHO & Mestroni et al. 1999 and Mahon et al. 2005: references 3 and 9): LVEF <45% and enlarged LVEDD (>112% of predicted value according to age,BSA).
  • Presence of minor LV abnormality:

    • isolated LVEDD > 112% (Henry Formula)
    • or reduced systolic dysfunction: 45% < LVEF < 55%, as assessed on echocardiography.
  • Able to provide informed consent, and signed informed consent.
  • Able to understand and accept the study constraints
  • For some European countries (such as France and Spain): participants (by themselves) should have medical health care coverage to be included in a research study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Other disease or factor that can cause minor LV abnormalities, such as cardiotoxic treatment or significant blood hypertension (with uncontrolled blood pressure or significant hypertrophy on echocardiography).
  • Contraindication to ACE inhibitor
  • Participants who are already treated with ACE inhibitor, sartan or aldosterone receptor antagonists (for various reason such as arterial hypertension) can not be included in this study, unless they have been off these drugs for a period of 6 weeks before inclusion.
  • Impaired renal function: estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR), using MDRD formula, < 60 ml/mn/1.73m2.
  • Baseline serum potassium >5.5 mmol/L.
  • Pregnant, parturient or breastfeeding woman or woman of childbearing potential not under effective contraception or planned pregnancy.
  • Participation in another therapeutic trial in the previous 3 months
  • Participants treated with lithium
  • Participant under legal guardianship
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01583114

Locations
Denmark
Skejby University Hospital SUH, Aarhus Universit Hospital Not yet recruiting
Aarhus, Denmark, 8200
Contact: Jens Mogensen, MD    +45 89496199    jens.mogensen@dadlnet.dk   
Principal Investigator: Jens MOGENSEN, MD         
France
Pitié Salpêtrière Hospital Recruiting
Paris, France, 75013
Contact: Philippe CHARRON, MD-PhD    +33 (0)1 42 16 13 47    philippe.charron@psl.aphp.fr   
Principal Investigator: Philippe CHARRON, MD-PhD         
Germany
University of Heidelberg UKLHD Not yet recruiting
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Contact: Hugo KATUS, Pr    +49-6221-56-8670    hugo.katus@med.uni-heidelberg.de   
Principal Investigator: Hugo KATUS, Pr         
Italy
Academic Hospital IRCCS Foundation Policlinico San Matteo (OSM) Not yet recruiting
Pavia, Italy, 27100
Contact: Eloisa ARBUSTINI, Pr    +39 0382 501893    e.arbustini@smatteo.pv.it   
Principal Investigator: Eloisa ARBUSTINI, Pr         
Netherlands
Academisch Medisch Centrum AMC and InterUniversity Institute AMC/ICIN Not yet recruiting
Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1105 AZ
Contact: Yigal PINTO, MD    +31-20-5664927    y.pinto@amc.uva.nl   
Principal Investigator: Yigal PINTO, MD         
Spain
Health in Code SL (SME) - Hospital Marítimo de Oza. Not yet recruiting
A Coruña, Spain, 15006
Contact: Lorenzo MONSERRAT, MD    +34 981167000 ext 5929    lorenzo.monserrat@healthincode.com   
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo MONSERRAT, MD         
United Kingdom
The Heart Hospital, University College London NHS Foundation Trust Not yet recruiting
London, United Kingdom, W1G 8PH
Contact: Perry ELLIOTT, MD    +44-20-7573 8888    perry.elliott@ucl.ac.uk   
Principal Investigator: Perry ELLIOTT, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Investigators
Principal Investigator: PHILIPPE CHARRON PITIE SALPETRIERE HOSPITAL, PARIS, FRANCE
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583114     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C10-44, 2010-023184-18
Study First Received: April 11, 2012
Last Updated: April 19, 2012
Health Authority: France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)

Keywords provided by Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France:
dilated cardiomyopathy
heart failure
genetics
mutation carrier
ACE treatment
preclinical

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
Cardiomyopathies
Cardiomegaly
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Perindopril
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antihypertensive Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014