An Open-label, Single-centre Study Evaluating the Pharmacokinetics of Digoxin Alone and When Administered at Various Doses of Ezogabine/Retigabine in Healthy Adults. The Pharmacokinetics of Ezogabine/Retigabine and the N-acetyl Metabolite of Ezogabine/Retigabine (NAMR) Will Also be Assessed

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583036
First received: March 15, 2012
Last updated: April 26, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

An interaction study to assess the effect of the ezogabine/retigabine and the main metabolite NAMR on the pharmacokinetics of digoxin in healthy volunteers


Condition Intervention Phase
Epilepsy
Drug: Digoxin Alone
Drug: Digoxin + Retigabine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: An Interaction Study to Assess the Effect of the Ezogabine/Retigabine and the Main Metabolite NAMR on the Pharmacokinetics of Digoxin in Healthy Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Area under the curve of digoxin from zero hours to infinity (Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38) [ Time Frame: 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CLr (Renal clearance) of digoxin. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours, and 24 to 48 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • CL/F (Apparent clearance following oral dosing) of digoxin/ Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours, and 24 to 48 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cmax (Maximum observed concentration) of digoxin. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Tmax (Time of occurrence of Cmax) of digoxin. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • T 1/2 (Terminal phase half-life) of digoxin. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area under the curve of digoxin from zero to 48 hours. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area under the curve of digoxin from zero to 144 hours. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre-dose, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 18, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 144 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Ae (Urinary recovery of unchanged drug) of digoxin from zero to 48 hours. Session 1 day 1 & Session 2 days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours, and 24 to 48 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cmax of NAMR and ezogabine / retigabine. Days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.25, 0.5 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8, hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Tmax of NAMR and ezogabine / retigabine. Days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.25, 0.5 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8, hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area under the curve of NAMR and ezogabine / retigabine from zero hours to τ (Time of last observed quantifiable concentration). Days 10, 24 and 38 [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.25, 0.5 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8, hours post dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety and Tolerability (AE's, clinical laboratory, vital signs assessments, ECG's and C-SSRs) [ Time Frame: Session 1 day 1 to Session 2 follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2012
Study Completion Date: April 2012
Primary Completion Date: April 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Session 1 digoxin alone, Session 2 retigabine plus digoxin
Session 1: Single administration of digoxin (0.25mg) and PK assessments up to 144hrs post-dose. Session 2: Retigabine up-titration to 1200mg (TDD) with co-administration of digoxin (0.25mg) at 3 doses or retigabine during the up-titration (600mg, 900mg and 1200mg) and PK assessments up to 144hrs post-dose following wach co-administration.
Drug: Digoxin Alone
Single administration of digoxin 0.25mg
Drug: Digoxin + Retigabine
Increasing doses of retigabine (300mg, 450mg, 600mg, 750mg, 900mg, 1050mg and 1200mg) administered as TID doses over 44 days. Co-administration with digoxin (0.25mg) on days 10, 24 and 38.

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, single-centre study to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of single-dose digoxin alone and when administered at various up titration doses of ezogabine/retigabine in healthy adult subjects. The pharmacokinetics of ezogabine/retigabine and the n-acetyl metabolite of ezogabine/retigabine (NAMR) will also be assessed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female between 18 and 65 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • Healthy as determined by a responsible and experienced physician, based on a medical evaluation including medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests and cardiac monitoring. A subject with a clinical abnormality or laboratory parameters outside the reference range for the population being studied may be included only if the Investigator and the GSK Medical Monitor agree that the finding is unlikely to introduce additional risk factors and will not interfere with the study procedures.
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is of: Non-childbearing potential defined as pre-menopausal females with a documented tubal ligation or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) greater than 40 MlU/ml and estradiol less than 40 pg/ml (less than 147 pmol/L) is confirmatory]. Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the contraception methods in the protocol if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrollment. For most forms of HRT, at least 2-4 weeks should elapse between the cessation of therapy and the blood draw; this interval depends on the type and dosage of HRT. Following confirmation of their post-menopausal status, they can resume use of HRT during the study without use of a contraceptive method; Child-bearing potential and agrees to use one of the contraception methods listed in the protocol for an appropriate period of time (as determined by the product label or investigator) prior to the start of dosing to sufficiently minimize the risk of pregnancy at that point. Female subjects must agree to use contraception until 1 week post-last dose of ezogabine/retigabine.
  • Male subjects with female partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use one of the contraception methods listed in the protocol. This criterion must be followed from the time of the first dose of study medication until at least 1 week post-last dose.
  • BMI of 18 to 30 kg/m2 and total body weight greater than 50 kg (110 lbs).
  • Normal creatinine clearance assessed by the Cockcroft-Gault Method.
  • Subject's aspartate aminotransferase, ALT, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin are greater than and equal to 1.5 × ULN (isolated bilirubin greater than 1.5 × ULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin less than 35%).
  • Subject is a nonsmoker (defined as a nonsmoker during the last 3 months prior to Screening and have a negative cotinine test at screening).
  • Subject has a negative drug screen (amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine metabolites, opiates, benzodiazepines, and cannabinoids) at Screening and at check-in at Day -1.
  • Subject is capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has positive test results for hepatitis B surface antigen, positive hepatitis C virus, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 or -2 at Screening
  • Has active suicidal plan/intent or has had active suicidal thoughts in the past 6 months. Has history of suicide attempt in the last 2 years or more than 1 lifetime suicide attempt.
  • Presence of proteinuria (at least ++) or hematuria or other clinically significant findings in urinalysis at screening.
  • Has a history of urinary retention or risk factors for urinary retention that in the Investigator's judgment could potentially affect subject safety.
  • Subject has a history of syncope, clinically significant palpitations, bradyarrhythmia or tachyarrhythmia conduction abnormality (e.g., atrioventricular block of any degree, e.g., left bundle-branch block, right bundle-branch block), or Wolf-ParkinsonWhite syndrome, or any clinically relevant abnormality identified on the screening medical assessment, laboratory examination, ECG, or immunogenicity test
  • Subject's blood pressure is greater than and equal to 140/90 mm Hg or heart rate is greater than 100 beats/min at Screening; repeat blood pressures should be taken if the subject's blood pressure is greater than and equal to 140/90 mm Hg and if the results are consistently greater than and equal to 140/90 mm Hg, then the subject should be excluded and advised to consult a physician.
  • Subject's QTc interval is greater than 450 ms (per ECG machine interpretation) at screening; repeat measurement should be taken if the QTc greater than 450 ms and if the results are consistently greater than 450 ms, then the subject should be excluded
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding
  • Subject has a history of any anaphylactic reaction to any drug or a known hypersensitivity to: LANOXIN/digoxin and/or its excipients, or other digoxin-like medications; or Ezogabine/retigabine; History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GSK Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • Subject has a history of significant cardiovascular or pulmonary dysfunction prior to Screening
  • Subject has a fasting triglyceride level greater than 300 mg/dL at Screening
  • Subject has a current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones)
  • Subject has a history of alcohol or substance abuse within the last 2 years
  • Subject has donated blood in the excess of 500 mL within 56 days prior to dosing or intention of donating in the month after completing the study
  • Subject has a history of gastrointestinal surgery which could influence gastric emptying (e.g., gastrectomy, gastric bypass)
  • Subject has a history of inflammatory bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome
  • Subject has received an investigational drug within 30 days prior to dosing with study medication or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer
  • Subject is unlikely to comply with the study protocol and/or to complete the study or required study procedures or is unlikely or unable to return for follow-up visits
  • Subject has used prescription medications or over-the-counter medications, herbal supplements, or multivitamins within 14 days prior to dosing with any study medication (beginning with the first dose of digoxin) (see Section 9.2 for additional details)
  • Subject has consumed grapefruit juice, cranberry products (such as juice, fruit, or nutritional supplements), or alcohol, caffeine , or xanthine-containing products within 7 days (or 5 elimination half lives whichever is shorter) prior to start the dosing with study medication
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01583036

Locations
United States, Maryland
GSK Investigational Site
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21225
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583036     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 116216
Study First Received: March 15, 2012
Last Updated: April 26, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Digoxin
Ezogabine
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Anticonvulsants
Cardiotonic Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014