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Hormonal Stimulation in IUI Treatment: Is Clomifen Combined With Ethinyl Estradiol Better, Worse or Equal to Menopur

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas D'Hooghe, University Hospital, Gasthuisberg Identifier:
First received: March 28, 2012
Last updated: September 9, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

What is the best medication for hormonal stimulation in cycles with high intra-uterine insemination: tablets of Clomifen (5 days) followed by tablets of Ethinyl Estradiol (5 days) or daily injections with Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (Menopur)?

Condition Intervention
Drug: Clomifen, Ethinyl Estradiol
Drug: Menotropins

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Gasthuisberg:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • pregnancy rate [ Time Frame: on average 30 days if not pregnant and 12 weeks if pregnant ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 371
Study Start Date: September 2004
Study Completion Date: December 2011
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Tablets
Clomifen (5 days) followed by Ethinyl Estradiol (5 days)
Drug: Clomifen, Ethinyl Estradiol
starting on day 2 or 3 of the cycle: 1 tablet of Clomifen each day, for 5 days in a row. Dose 50mg or in subsequent cycles, 25 mg or 100 mg or 150 mg. After the 5 days of Clomifen, one tablet of Ethinyl Estradiol 50 mg per day, for 5 days in a row or until beta hCG is injected
Active Comparator: human menopausal gonadotropins
Daily Injections
Drug: Menotropins
Starting on day 2 or 3 of the cycle, a daily subcutaneous injection of 37.5 IU or 75.0 IU


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 42 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women younger than 42 years old
  • infertility of at least one year
  • normal tubal, pelvic and uterine anatomy
  • semen with total motility count of at least 5 million (at least one sample)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • premature ovarian failure
  • medical history of tubal or ovarian surgery
  • tubal or pelvic adhesions
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01569945

Leuven University Fertility Center
Leuven, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium, 3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Gasthuisberg
Principal Investigator: Thomas D'Hooghe, MD PhD University Hospital, Gasthuisberg
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Thomas D'Hooghe, Profsessor Medical Doctor, University Hospital, Gasthuisberg Identifier: NCT01569945     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML2436 - 1
Study First Received: March 28, 2012
Last Updated: September 9, 2014
Health Authority: Belgium: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate
Estradiol 3-benzoate
Estradiol valerate
Ethinyl Estradiol
Polyestradiol phosphate
Contraceptive Agents
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Fertility Agents
Fertility Agents, Female
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Reproductive Control Agents
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on November 27, 2014